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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Expenditure Ceilings—A Survey

Expenditure Ceilings—A Survey »

Source: Expenditure Ceilings-A Survey

Volume/Issue: 2008/282

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gösta Ljungman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2008

ISBN: 9781451871401

Keywords: Expenditure ceilings, expenditure, expenditure ceiling, government expenditure,

This paper looks at the factors that have to be considered when designing an aggregate expenditure ceiling. It is argued that expenditure ceilings are effective in promoting fiscal discipline and sustainability, bu...

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection1

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection1 »

Source: Globalization and the Future of Social Protection

Volume/Issue: 2000/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451842890

Keywords: globalization, welfare state, tax expenditure, regulations, public spending, social expenditure, expenditures, tax expenditures, tax systems, expenditure

Social protection in industrial countries has been provided through regulations, tax expenditures, and public spending. This paper argues that globalization will affect governments’ ability to continue provi...

Hedonic Imputation versus Time Dummy Hedonic Indexes

Hedonic Imputation versus Time Dummy Hedonic Indexes »

Source: Hedonic Imputation versus Time Dummy Hedonic Indexes

Volume/Issue: 2007/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): W. E. Diewert , Mick Silver , and Saeed Heravi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2007

ISBN: 9781451867985

Keywords: Hedonic regressions, hedonic indexes, superlative indexes, equations, expenditure, expenditure share, equation, covariance,

Statistical offices try to match item models when measuring inflation between two periods. However, for product areas with a high turnover of differentiated models, the use of hedonic indexes is more appropriate si...

Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies of the Euro Area
			: The Euro Area Stability Programs

Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies of the Euro Area : The Euro Area Stability Programs »

Volume/Issue: 2000/63

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 May 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451812916.002

ISBN: 9781451812916

Keywords: expenditures, expenditure, fiscal effort, tax cuts, fiscal consolidation

This report describes the monetary and exchange rate policies of the euro area and the euro area stability programs. The Stability and Growth Pact presents annual stability programs (SPs), which outlines the medium...

Expenditure Ceilings-A Survey

Expenditure Ceilings-A Survey »

Volume/Issue: 2008/282

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gösta Ljungman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871401.001

ISBN: 9781451871401

Keywords: Expenditure ceilings, expenditure, expenditure ceiling, government expenditure,

This paper looks at the factors that have to be considered when designing an aggregate expenditure ceiling. It is argued that expenditure ceilings are effective in promoting fiscal discipline and sustainability, bu...

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection

Globalization and the Future of Social Protection »

Volume/Issue: 2000/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842890.001

ISBN: 9781451842890

Keywords: globalization, welfare state, tax expenditure, regulations, public spending, social expenditure, expenditures, tax expenditures, tax systems, expenditure

Social protection in industrial countries has been provided through regulations, tax expenditures, and public spending. This paper argues that globalization will affect governments’ ability to continue provi...

Hedonic Imputation versus Time Dummy Hedonic Indexes

Hedonic Imputation versus Time Dummy Hedonic Indexes »

Volume/Issue: 2007/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): W. E. Diewert , Mick Silver , and Saeed Heravi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867985.001

ISBN: 9781451867985

Keywords: Hedonic regressions, hedonic indexes, superlative indexes, equations, expenditure, expenditure share, equation, covariance,

Statistical offices try to match item models when measuring inflation between two periods. However, for product areas with a high turnover of differentiated models, the use of hedonic indexes is more appropriate si...

Top-Down Budgeting-An Instrument to Strengthen Budget Management

Top-Down Budgeting-An Instrument to Strengthen Budget Management »

Volume/Issue: 2009/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gösta Ljungman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873900.001

ISBN: 9781451873900

Keywords: Top-down, budget institutions, policy prioritization, expenditure, budget process, fiscal policy, total expenditure, expenditure level,

This paper examines the rationale for a top-down approach to budget preparation and approval, and discusses some factors that have to be considered when reorienting the budget process along these lines. The paper a...

Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies of the Euro Area

Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies of the Euro Area »

Source: Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies of the Euro Area : The Euro Area Stability Programs

Volume/Issue: 2000/63

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 May 2000

ISBN: 9781451812916

Keywords: expenditures, expenditure, fiscal effort, tax cuts, fiscal consolidation

This report describes the monetary and exchange rate policies of the euro area and the euro area stability programs. The Stability and Growth Pact presents annual stability programs (SPs), which outlines the medium...