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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Government Size and Intersectoral Income Fluctuation

Government Size and Intersectoral Income Fluctuation »

Source: Government Size and Intersectoral Income Fluctuation : An International Panel Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2007/93

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daehaeng Kim , and Chul-In Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866575

Keywords: Economic Uncertainty, Government Size, Openness to Trade, Stabilization, Intersectoral Income Fluctuation, equation, terms of trade, external shocks, open economy, equations

Using the between-sector variation in income as a new measure of economic uncertainty, this paper proposes simple models and supportive empirical evidence for the causal relations between economic uncertainty and g...

Government Size and Intersectoral Income Fluctuation
			: An International Panel Analysis

Government Size and Intersectoral Income Fluctuation : An International Panel Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2007/93

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daehaeng Kim , and Chul-In Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866575.001

ISBN: 9781451866575

Keywords: Economic Uncertainty, Government Size, Openness to Trade, Stabilization, Intersectoral Income Fluctuation, equation, terms of trade, external shocks, open economy, equations

Using the between-sector variation in income as a new measure of economic uncertainty, this paper proposes simple models and supportive empirical evidence for the causal relations between economic uncertainty and g...