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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Consumer Price Index Manual
			: Theory and Practice

Consumer Price Index Manual : Theory and Practice »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2009

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787509510148.069

ISBN: 9787509510148

Keywords: expenditure, equation, expenditures, sampling, statistics, expenditure shares, arithmetic, equations, number theory, probability

The consumer price index (CPI) measures the rate at which the prices of consumer goods and services are changing over time. It is a key statistic for economic and social policymaking and has substantial and wide-ra...

Government Finance Statistics Manual, 2001

Government Finance Statistics Manual, 2001 »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 February 2003

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061330.069

ISBN: 9781589061330

Keywords: taxes, liabilities, interest, payments, loans, social insurance, debt, social security, benefits, social benefits

This Manual, which updates the first edition published in 1986, is a major advance in the standards for compilation and presentation of fiscal statistics. It is intended as a reference volume for compilers of gover...

Local Government Financing Platforms in China: A Fortune or Misfortune?

Local Government Financing Platforms in China: A Fortune or Misfortune? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yinqiu Lu , and Tao Sun

Publisher: Bank of Communications/New Finance

Publication Date: 16 December 2013

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484335895.001

ISBN: 9781484335895

Keywords: Governance, China, Government expenditures, Revenues, Bond issues, Banks, local governments, local government borrowing, local government debt, local government revenue

China's rapid credit expansion in 2009-10 brought local government financing platforms (LGFPs) into the spotlight. This paper discusses their function, reasons behind their recent expansion, and risks they are posi...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2009
			: Fighting the Global Crisis

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2009 : Fighting the Global Crisis »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2009

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068827.011

ISBN: 9781589068827

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, balance of payments, financial system, poverty reduction, financial markets, financial statements, monetary union, expenditures, commodity prices

The IMF's 2009 Annual Report chronicles the response of the Fund's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2009, which covers the period from May 1, 2008, thr...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2007
			: Making the Global Economy Work for All

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2007 : Making the Global Economy Work for All »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 October 2007

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066878.011

ISBN: 9781589066878

Keywords: balance of payments, debt relief, financial sector, expenditures, exchange rate, debt sustainability, exchange rate policies, oil prices, trade liberalization, quota increases

The 2007 Annual Report to the Board of Governors reviews the IMF's activities and policies during the financial year (May 1, 2006, through April 30, 2007). This year's Report has been streamlined and translated int...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2008
			: Making the Global Economy Work for All

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2008 : Making the Global Economy Work for All »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 October 2008

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067684.011

ISBN: 9781589067684

Keywords: financial sector, financial markets, balance of payments, debt relief, financial stability, expenditures, central banks, central bank, globalization, current account

The Annual Report 2008 to the Board of Governors reviews the IMF's activities and policies during the financial year (May 1, 2007, through April 30, 2008). There are five chapters: (1) Overview: Refocusing the IMF;...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2011
			: Pursuing Equitable and Balanced Growth

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2011 : Pursuing Equitable and Balanced Growth »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2011

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352042.011

ISBN: 9781616352042

Keywords: Fy2011, IMF Financing, IMF Accountability, IMF Surveillance, IMF Governance, financial sector, financial stability, debt relief, statistics, balance of payments

The IMF's 2011 Annual Report chronicles the response of the Fund's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2011, which covers the period from May 1, 2010, thr...

Local Government Financing Platforms in China: A Fortune or Misfortune?

Local Government Financing Platforms in China: A Fortune or Misfortune? »

Source: Local Government Financing Platforms in China: A Fortune or Misfortune?

Volume/Issue: 2013/243

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yinqiu Lu , and Tao Sun

Publisher: Bank of Communications/New Finance

Publication Date: 16 December 2013

Language: Chinese

ISBN: 9781484335895

Keywords: Governance, China, Government expenditures, Revenues, Bond issues, Banks, local governments, local government borrowing, local government debt, local government revenue

China's rapid credit expansion in 2009-10 brought local government financing platforms (LGFPs) into the spotlight. This paper discusses their function, reasons behind their recent expansion, and risks they are posi...