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Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025

Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Edgardo Ruggiero , Peter Heller , Menachem Katz , Robert Feldman , Richard Hemming , Peter Kohnert , Ziba Farhadian , Donogh McDonald , Ahsan Mansur , and Bernard Nivollet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934683.084

ISBN: 9780939934683

Keywords: expenditure, pension, social expenditure, pensions, unemployment

Most of the seven major industrial countries are now experiencing significant changes in their demographic structure. A persistent pattern of declining fertility and improving life expectancy has created major segm...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Edgardo Ruggiero , Peter Heller , Menachem Katz , Robert Feldman , Richard Hemming , Peter Kohnert , Ziba Farhadian , Donogh McDonald , Ahsan Mansur , and Bernard Nivollet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934683

Keywords: expenditure, pension, social expenditure, pensions, unemployment

Most of the seven major industrial countries are now experiencing significant changes in their demographic structure. A persistent pattern of declining fertility and improving life expectancy has created major segm...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Edgardo Ruggiero , Peter Heller , Menachem Katz , Robert Feldman , Richard Hemming , Peter Kohnert , Ziba Farhadian , Donogh McDonald , Ahsan Mansur , and Bernard Nivollet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934683

Keywords: expenditure, pension, social expenditure, pensions, unemployment

Most of the seven major industrial countries are now experiencing significant changes in their demographic structure. A persistent pattern of declining fertility and improving life expectancy has created major segm...

Appendix I Capital Mobility and Monetary Policy

Appendix I Capital Mobility and Monetary Policy »

Source: Thailand : Adjusting to Success: Current Policy Issues

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): David Robinson , Ranjit Teja , Yangho Byeon , and Wanda Tseng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1991

ISBN: 9781557752215

Keywords: bank of thailand, foreign direct investment, direct investment, expenditure, financial institutions

During both 1989 and 1990, the growth of the monetary aggregates in Thailand was driven almost entirely by a rapid increase in private capital inflows, which the Bank of Thailand ha...

Appendix I Data and Definitions

Appendix I Data and Definitions »

Source: Experience with Large Fiscal Adjustments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , George Tsibouris , Wojciech Maliszewski , and Mark Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589064584

Keywords: Fiscal management, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, expenditures, fiscal adjustments, fiscal policy

An adjustment episode is defined as any year or succession of years of uninterrupted improvement in the fiscal primary balance, and focuses on the consolidated central government (o...

Appendix I Exchange and Trade System

Appendix I Exchange and Trade System »

Source: Economic Dislocation and Recovery in Lebanon

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jose Martelino , S. Erbas , Adnan Mazarei , Sena Eken , and Paul Cashin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

ISBN: 9781557754592

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, expenditure, monetary fund, per capita income

This section summarizes Lebanon's exchange and trade system as of May 31,1994. Exchange Arrangements The currency of Lebanon is the Lebane...

Appendix I. How Countries Undertook Their Adjustment Efforts

Appendix I. How Countries Undertook Their Adjustment Efforts »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

This appendix provides a detailed description of changes in expenditure policy and public expenditure management, tax policy and administration, and of certain aspects of public ent...

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Most studies of the income distributional effects of public policy fall within the category of “incidence analyses” of taxation and expenditure. They either analyze the effects of particular measures or, if...

Appendix I Structure of the Financial System

Appendix I Structure of the Financial System »

Source: Ghana : Adjustment and Growth, 1983-91

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ishan Kapur , Jerald Schiff , Michael Hadjimichael , Philippe Szymczak , and Paul Hilbers

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557751829

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, inflation, expenditure, banking

The banking system in Ghana comprises the Central Bank (Bank of Ghana), three large commercial banks (the Ghana Commercial Bank, the Standard Chartered Bank of Ghana, and the Barcla...

Appendix II Empirical Estimates of Inflation

Appendix II Empirical Estimates of Inflation »

Source: Ghana : Adjustment and Growth, 1983-91

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ishan Kapur , Jerald Schiff , Michael Hadjimichael , Philippe Szymczak , and Paul Hilbers

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557751829

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, inflation, expenditure, banking

In order to assess the quantitative significance for inflation of the factors discussed in Section VI, a reduced form equation for inflation was estimated for the period 1984: Q4-19...