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Appendix I Capital Mobility and Monetary Policy

Appendix I Capital Mobility and Monetary Policy »

Source: Thailand : Adjusting to Success: Current Policy Issues

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): David Robinson , Ranjit Teja , Yangho Byeon , and Wanda Tseng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1991

ISBN: 9781557752215

Keywords: bank of thailand, foreign direct investment, direct investment, expenditure, financial institutions

During both 1989 and 1990, the growth of the monetary aggregates in Thailand was driven almost entirely by a rapid increase in private capital inflows, which the Bank of Thailand ha...

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Most studies of the income distributional effects of public policy fall within the category of “incidence analyses” of taxation and expenditure. They either analyze the effects of particular measures or, if...

Appendix I Structure of the Financial System

Appendix I Structure of the Financial System »

Source: Ghana : Adjustment and Growth, 1983-91

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ishan Kapur , Jerald Schiff , Michael Hadjimichael , Philippe Szymczak , and Paul Hilbers

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557751829

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, inflation, expenditure, banking

The banking system in Ghana comprises the Central Bank (Bank of Ghana), three large commercial banks (the Ghana Commercial Bank, the Standard Chartered Bank of Ghana, and the Barcla...

Appendix II Empirical Estimates of Inflation

Appendix II Empirical Estimates of Inflation »

Source: Ghana : Adjustment and Growth, 1983-91

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ishan Kapur , Jerald Schiff , Michael Hadjimichael , Philippe Szymczak , and Paul Hilbers

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557751829

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, inflation, expenditure, banking

In order to assess the quantitative significance for inflation of the factors discussed in Section VI, a reduced form equation for inflation was estimated for the period 1984: Q4-19...

APPENDIX II Some Empirical Evidence on Price and Subsidy Policy

APPENDIX II Some Empirical Evidence on Price and Subsidy Policy »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Empirical information concerning the direct effect of price and subsidy policy on income distribution is scarce and of questionable quality. In addition, existing studies do not cover a sufficient range of c...

Appendix II Statistical Appendix

Appendix II Statistical Appendix »

Source: Thailand : Adjusting to Success: Current Policy Issues

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): David Robinson , Ranjit Teja , Yangho Byeon , and Wanda Tseng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1991

ISBN: 9781557752215

Keywords: bank of thailand, foreign direct investment, direct investment, expenditure, financial institutions

Table 20. Domestic Expenditure and Product (In billions of baht)...

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84 »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Selection of the Sample The Fund approved 117 stand-by programs and 23 extended facilities from January 1980 to December 1984, for 68 countries. Twenty-two countries had programs in...

Back to the Future
			: Postwar Reconstruction and Stabilization in Lebanon

Back to the Future : Postwar Reconstruction and Stabilization in Lebanon »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Thomas Helbling , and Sena Eken

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 June 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757845.084

ISBN: 9781557757845

Keywords: public debt, expenditure, central bank, debt management, capital expenditure

Following the 15-year civil war that started in 1975, Lebanon's government began the difficult task of economic stabilization and confidence building, on the one hand, and postwar reconstruction and development, on...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Back to the Future : Postwar Reconstruction and Stabilization in Lebanon

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Thomas Helbling , and Sena Eken

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757845

Keywords: public debt, expenditure, central bank, debt management, capital expenditure

Following the 15-year civil war that started in 1975, Lebanon's government began the difficult task of economic stabilization and confidence building, on the one hand, and postwar reconstruction and development, on...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...