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Appendix 1: Can a High Share of Domestic Debt Improve Public Debt Tolerance?

Appendix 1: Can a High Share of Domestic Debt Improve Public Debt Tolerance? »

Source: Strategies for Fiscal Consolidation in the Post-Crisis World

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Cemile Sancak , Jan Gottschalk , S. M. Ali Abbas , Olivier Basdevant , Ricardo Velloso , Fuad Hasanov , Greetje Everaert , Stephanie Eble , and Junhyung Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2010

ISBN: 9781589069374

Keywords: Developed countries, Fiscal consolidation, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Public debt, government debt, debt ratios, debt ratio, domestic debt

This appendix presents new evidence on the impact of public debt composition on perceived debt tolerance in 60 advanced and emerging economies. Cross-country regressions of international institutional invest...

APPENDIX 1. Country Experiences with Scaled-Up Aid

APPENDIX 1. Country Experiences with Scaled-Up Aid »

Source: Fiscal Management of Scaled-Up Aid

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Kevin Fletcher , Sanjeev Gupta , Duncan Last , Gerd Schwartz , Shamsuddin Tareq , Richard Allen , and Isabell Adenauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067035

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, public expenditure, public spending, fiscal institutions

In the past, aid recipients often experienced sharp swings in aid flows. Net aid flows to Pakistan, for example, increased by a factor of 2.5 between 1997 and 2004, and nearly tripled to Ethiopia during the...

APPENDIX 2. Expenditure Efficiency—An Empirical Assessment

APPENDIX 2. Expenditure Efficiency—An Empirical Assessment »

Source: Fiscal Management of Scaled-Up Aid

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Kevin Fletcher , Sanjeev Gupta , Duncan Last , Gerd Schwartz , Shamsuddin Tareq , Richard Allen , and Isabell Adenauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067035

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, public expenditure, public spending, fiscal institutions

It will be essential for low-income countries to make efficient use of scaled-up aid to ensure sustained progress toward the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In particular, efficient spending in priority...

Appendix 2: Illustrative Pension Simulations for 2010–30

Appendix 2: Illustrative Pension Simulations for 2010–30 »

Source: Strategies for Fiscal Consolidation in the Post-Crisis World

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Cemile Sancak , Jan Gottschalk , S. M. Ali Abbas , Olivier Basdevant , Ricardo Velloso , Fuad Hasanov , Greetje Everaert , Stephanie Eble , and Junhyung Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2010

ISBN: 9781589069374

Keywords: Developed countries, Fiscal consolidation, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Public debt, government debt, debt ratios, debt ratio, domestic debt

This appendix elaborates on the methodology and assumptions behind the illustrative simulations—reported in the main text—that aim, between 2010 and 2030, to stabilize pension expenditure as a percent of GDP...

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability »

Source: Assessing Fiscal Sustainability : A Cross-Country Comparison

Volume/Issue: 2003/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enzo Croce , and V. Juan-Ramon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451856569

Keywords: convergence, fiscal rule, public debt, debt ratio, fiscal stance, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt,

To monitor fiscal sustainability, this paper proposes a recursive algorithm derived from the law of motion of the debt-to-GDP ratio, subject to a government reaction function that links convergence to the targeted...

Austria: Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Austria: Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Austria : Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/278

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498333726

Keywords: Economic indicators, Economic growth, Debt sustainability analysis, Banking sector, Bank restructuring, Austria, Article IV consultation reports, Staff Reports, Press releases, Labor productivity

KEY ISSUES Context: Austria did not experience a severe boom-bust cycle and came through the crisis relatively well. The main impact was on the banking sector and public debt. With cyclical slack low and the recov...

Austria: Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Austria: Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Austria : Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/278

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498333726

Keywords: Economic indicators, Economic growth, Debt sustainability analysis, Banking sector, Bank restructuring, Austria, Article IV consultation reports, Staff Reports, Press releases, Labor productivity

KEY ISSUES Context: Austria did not experience a severe boom-bust cycle and came through the crisis relatively well. The main impact was on the banking sector and public debt. With cyclical slack low and the recov...

Austria: Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation—Supplementary Information

Austria: Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation—Supplementary Information »

Source: Austria : Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/278

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498333726

Keywords: Economic indicators, Economic growth, Debt sustainability analysis, Banking sector, Bank restructuring, Austria, Article IV consultation reports, Staff Reports, Press releases, Labor productivity

KEY ISSUES Context: Austria did not experience a severe boom-bust cycle and came through the crisis relatively well. The main impact was on the banking sector and public debt. With cyclical slack low and the recov...

The Baltic Countries
			: Medium-Term Fiscal Issues Related to EU and NATO Accession

The Baltic Countries : Medium-Term Fiscal Issues Related to EU and NATO Accession »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061040.084

ISBN: 9781589061040

Keywords: fiscal policy, public debt, current account, expenditure, taxation

Ten years after regaining independence, the Baltic Countries--Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania--are expected to be invited to join the European Union (EU) and NATO in 2004. This paper provides a macroeconomic perspec...

Benchmarking Social Spending Using Efficiency Frontiers1

Benchmarking Social Spending Using Efficiency Frontiers1 »

Source: Benchmarking Social Spending Using Efficiency Frontiers

Volume/Issue: 2017/197

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Javier Kapsoli , and Iulia Ruxandra Teodoru

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 September 2017

ISBN: 9781484315309

Keywords: Developing countries, Education, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Low-income developing countries, Education spending, Government expenditures and education, Government expenditures and health, Government spending

Developing and low-income economies face the challenge of increasing public spending to address sizeable infrastructure and social gaps while simultaneously restoring the fiscal discipline weakened to countervail t...