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Brazil: 2019 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Brazil

Brazil: 2019 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Brazil »

Source: Brazil : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Brazil

Volume/Issue: 2019/243

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 July 2019

ISBN: 9781513508368

Keywords: Balance of payments, Central banks, Economic indicators, Expenditures, Gross domestic product, BCB, pension reform, primary balance, BNDES, percent

The economic recovery after the 2015-16 recession has disappointed, with real GDP growing by only 1.1 percent in 2017 and 2018. Inflation is close to target, hovering around 4 percent. Monetary policy is accommodat...

Brazil: Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation—Debt Sustainability Analysis

Brazil: Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation—Debt Sustainability Analysis »

Source: Brazil : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Brazil

Volume/Issue: 2019/243

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 July 2019

ISBN: 9781513508368

Keywords: Balance of payments, Central banks, Economic indicators, Expenditures, Gross domestic product, BCB, pension reform, primary balance, BNDES, percent

The economic recovery after the 2015-16 recession has disappointed, with real GDP growing by only 1.1 percent in 2017 and 2018. Inflation is close to target, hovering around 4 percent. Monetary policy is accommodat...

Brazil: Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Brazil: Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Brazil : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Brazil

Volume/Issue: 2019/243

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 July 2019

ISBN: 9781513508368

Keywords: Balance of payments, Central banks, Economic indicators, Expenditures, Gross domestic product, BCB, pension reform, primary balance, BNDES, percent

The economic recovery after the 2015-16 recession has disappointed, with real GDP growing by only 1.1 percent in 2017 and 2018. Inflation is close to target, hovering around 4 percent. Monetary policy is accommodat...

Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth?

Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth? »

Source: Can PRGF Policy Levers Improve Institutions and Lead to Sustained Growth?

Volume/Issue: 2005/044

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2005

ISBN: 9781498331319

Keywords: Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility, Agriculture, Capital, Capital goods, Central banking, Central banks, Corruption, Currencies, Developing countries, Development

Broad economic institutions are of fundamental importance for sustained economic growth. Changing these institutions is difficult, particularly for outsiders. But this does not mean that there is no role for the Fu...

The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework

The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework »

Source: The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework

Volume/Issue: 2014/023

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2014

ISBN: 9781498343435

Keywords: Access limits, Estimated incomes and expenses, Financial year, Fourteenth General Review of Quotas, Fund budget, Fund financial position, Net income of Fund, Accounting, Accounting standards, Bank deposits

The medium-term income projections have been updated since the last estimate provided to the Executive Board in April 2013. Lending income is higher compared with the earlier estimates as a result of new arrangemen...

The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework

The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework »

Source: The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework

Volume/Issue: 2016/048

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 August 2016

ISBN: 9781498345750

Keywords: Estimated incomes and expenses, Financial year, Fund administrative budget, Net income of Fund, SDR interest rates, Real interest rates, Interest rate increases, Interest rates, Expenditures, Accounting

The medium-term income projections have been updated from the April 2015 outlook and the February review of the adequacy of precautionary balances. The main changes to the outlook stem from a more gradual rise in t...

Debt Limits in Fund-Supported Programs - Proposed New Guidelines

Debt Limits in Fund-Supported Programs - Proposed New Guidelines »

Source: Debt Limits in Fund-Supported Programs - Proposed New Guidelines

Volume/Issue: 2009/038

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2009

ISBN: 9781498335744

Keywords: Access limits, Access to Fund general resources, Concessional aid, Debt management, Debt sustainability, External debt, External financing, Financial management, Fund facilities, Fund policies

Low-income countries (LICs) face significant challenges in meeting their development objectives, while maintaining a sustainable debt position. To address this dilemma, the international community has largely advoc...

Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative - Creditor Participation Issues

Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative - Creditor Participation Issues »

Source: Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative - Creditor Participation Issues

Volume/Issue: 2003/036

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 August 2003

ISBN: 9781498329521

Keywords: HIPC Initiative, Agricultural development, Assets, Banks, Central banking, Central banks, Commercial credit, Credit, Debt, Debt financing

...

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1 »

Source: Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries

Volume/Issue: 2019/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hidetaka Nishizawa , Scott Roger , and Huan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498320801

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Accounting, Accounting standards, Agriculture, Aid flows, Balance of payments, Bank deposits, Bank financing, Banks, Bonds

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable severe natural disasters, especially cyclones, inflicting large losses on their economies. In the aftermath of disasters, PIC governments face revenue losses and spend...

Fiscal Policy for the Crisis

Fiscal Policy for the Crisis »

Source: Fiscal Policy for the Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2008/075

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 December 2008

ISBN: 9781498333856

Keywords: Corporate taxes, Financial crisis, Financial systems, Fiscal policy, Fiscal sustainability, Government expenditures, Tax reductions, Economic conditions, Financial crises, Central banking and monetary issues

The current crisis calls for two main sets of policy measures. First, measures to repair the financial system. Second, measures to increase demand and restore confidence. While some of these measures overlap, the f...