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1. Advanced Europe: Reversing the Slide

1. Advanced Europe: Reversing the Slide »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Europe : Navigating Stormy Waters

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2011

ISBN: 9781616351281

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal consolidation, labor market, domestic demand, unemployment

The euro area crisis has entered into a new stage in the context of a marked global slowdown. Tensions have moved from the euro area periphery to some core economies, prompting new policy interv...

Annex

Annex »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Europe : Navigating Stormy Waters

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2011

ISBN: 9781616351281

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal consolidation, labor market, domestic demand, unemployment

(a) Constructing a Trade Interconnectedness Index The trade interconnectedness index (TII) is the weighted average of indicators capturing the importance of bilateral trade between c...

Appendix. Europe: IMF-Supported Arrangements59

Appendix. Europe: IMF-Supported Arrangements59 »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Europe : Navigating Stormy Waters

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2011

ISBN: 9781616351281

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal consolidation, labor market, domestic demand, unemployment

(As of September 7, 2011) Country...

Are Laws Needed for Public Management Reforms? An International Comparison

Are Laws Needed for Public Management Reforms? An International Comparison »

Source: Are Laws Needed for Public Management Reforms? An International Comparison

Volume/Issue: 2005/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Lienert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2005

ISBN: 9781451860818

Keywords: public management, budget, law, decree, performance, civil servants, financial management, external audit, decentralization, budget systems

There has been widespread adoption of new laws to support new public management. In many countries that have implemented comprehensive and deep reforms, new or amended laws have fundamentally changed the role of th...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Characterizing the Expenditure Uncertainties of Industrial Countries in the 21st Century1

Characterizing the Expenditure Uncertainties of Industrial Countries in the 21st Century1 »

Source: Characterizing the Expenditure Uncertainties of Industrial Countries in the 21st Century

Volume/Issue: 2005/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller , and David Hauner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451861105

Keywords: fiscal frameworks, expenditure, expenditures, government expenditure, fiscal policy, expenditure categories, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt,

A number of uncertainties about long-term expenditure commitments in industrial countries are examined: (i) the assumptions underlying the projections, (ii) the potential to further reduce non-age-related expenditu...

4. East-West Economic and Financial Linkages in Europe

4. East-West Economic and Financial Linkages in Europe »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Europe : Navigating Stormy Waters

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2011

ISBN: 9781616351281

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal consolidation, labor market, domestic demand, unemployment

Trade and financial linkages between Western Europe and Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe (CESEE) have increased sharply over the past one and a half decades. 48...

2. Emerging Europe: Reducing Vulnerabilities to Prevent Financial Turmoil

2. Emerging Europe: Reducing Vulnerabilities to Prevent Financial Turmoil »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Europe : Navigating Stormy Waters

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2011

ISBN: 9781616351281

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal consolidation, labor market, domestic demand, unemployment

Emerging Europe’s recovery from the deep crisis of 2008/09 continued in the first half of 2011, and growth also picked up in the Baltic countries and Southeastern Europe—the regions most affecte...

Are Laws Needed for Public Management Reforms? An International Comparison

Are Laws Needed for Public Management Reforms? An International Comparison »

Volume/Issue: 2005/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Lienert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451860818.001

ISBN: 9781451860818

Keywords: public management, budget, law, decree, performance, civil servants, financial management, external audit, decentralization, budget systems

There has been widespread adoption of new laws to support new public management. In many countries that have implemented comprehensive and deep reforms, new or amended laws have fundamentally changed the role of th...

Characterizing the Expenditure Uncertainties of Industrial Countries in the 21st Century

Characterizing the Expenditure Uncertainties of Industrial Countries in the 21st Century »

Volume/Issue: 2005/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller , and David Hauner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861105.001

ISBN: 9781451861105

Keywords: fiscal frameworks, expenditure, expenditures, government expenditure, fiscal policy, expenditure categories, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt,

A number of uncertainties about long-term expenditure commitments in industrial countries are examined: (i) the assumptions underlying the projections, (ii) the potential to further reduce non-age-related expenditu...