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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Sao Tomé and Príncipe
			: Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

Sao Tomé and Príncipe : Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 1997/81

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451834970.002

ISBN: 9781451834970

Keywords: expenditure, per, central bank, external debt, domestic savings, Sao Tome and Principe,

This Selected Issues paper highlights that the financial performance of Sao Tomé and Príncipe, after improving in 1995, deteriorated again in 1996, while production continued to stagnate. In 1995, the authorities a...

Sao Tomé and Príncipe
			: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Sao Tomé and Príncipe : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 1996/70

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 August 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451834963.002

ISBN: 9781451834963

Keywords: expenditure, central bank, debt service, external debt, expenditures, Sao Tome and Principe,

This Selected Issues Paper and Statistical Appendix presents a summary of the tax system as of December 1995 of Sao Tomé and Príncipe. It describes the exchange and payments system. The paper highlights that the cu...

Sao Tomé and Príncipe
			: Statistical Appendix

Sao Tomé and Príncipe : Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 1998/93

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451834987.002

ISBN: 9781451834987

Keywords: expenditure, central bank, external debt, expenditures, capital expenditure

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Sao Tome and Principe
			: Statistical Appendix

Sao Tome and Principe : Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 2002/31

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451835007.002

ISBN: 9781451835007

Keywords: expenditure, central bank, debt relief, external debt, expenditures

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies

A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies »

Volume/Issue: 2010/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455210794.001

ISBN: 9781455210794

Keywords: pension, retirement, health care, retirement age, Structure and Scope of Government: Other, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Deficit Surplus

With a modest recovery in the global economy underway, and amid rising concerns about the sharp increase in government debt in several countries, debate has increasingly focused on the need to identify and implemen...

Sao Tomé and Príncipe

Sao Tomé and Príncipe »

Source: Sao Tomé and Príncipe : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1998/93

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 1998

ISBN: 9781451834987

Keywords: expenditure, central bank, external debt, expenditures, capital expenditure

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Sao Tome and Principe

Sao Tome and Principe »

Source: Sao Tome and Principe : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2002/31

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2002

ISBN: 9781451835007

Keywords: expenditure, central bank, debt relief, external debt, expenditures

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Sao Tomé and Príncipe

Sao Tomé and Príncipe »

Source: Sao Tomé and Príncipe : Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 1997/81

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 1997

ISBN: 9781451834970

Keywords: expenditure, per, central bank, external debt, domestic savings, Sao Tome and Principe,

This Selected Issues paper highlights that the financial performance of Sao Tomé and Príncipe, after improving in 1995, deteriorated again in 1996, while production continued to stagnate. In 1995, the authorities a...

Sao Tomé and Príncipe

Sao Tomé and Príncipe »

Source: Sao Tomé and Príncipe : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1996/70

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 August 1996

ISBN: 9781451834963

Keywords: expenditure, central bank, debt service, external debt, expenditures, Sao Tome and Principe,

This Selected Issues Paper and Statistical Appendix presents a summary of the tax system as of December 1995 of Sao Tomé and Príncipe. It describes the exchange and payments system. The paper highlights that the cu...