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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Characterizing the Expenditure Uncertainties of Industrial Countries in the 21st Century1

Characterizing the Expenditure Uncertainties of Industrial Countries in the 21st Century1 »

Source: Characterizing the Expenditure Uncertainties of Industrial Countries in the 21st Century

Volume/Issue: 2005/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller , and David Hauner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451861105

Keywords: fiscal frameworks, expenditure, expenditures, government expenditure, fiscal policy, expenditure categories, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt,

A number of uncertainties about long-term expenditure commitments in industrial countries are examined: (i) the assumptions underlying the projections, (ii) the potential to further reduce non-age-related expenditu...

An Exploration of the Private Sector Response to Changes in Government Saving Across OECD Countries

An Exploration of the Private Sector Response to Changes in Government Saving Across OECD Countries »

Source: An Exploration of the Private Sector Response to Changes in Government Saving Across OECD Countries

Volume/Issue: 2001/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451849066

Keywords: intergenerational fiscal balance, Ricardian effects, expenditures, expenditure, fiscal adjustments, fiscal position, Integenerational Fiscal Balance,

Several recent papers have examined the response of national saving to changes in fiscal policy. This paper uses knowledge about the intergenerational fiscal position of a country to determine whether this informat...

Fiscal Adjustments

Fiscal Adjustments »

Source: Fiscal Adjustments : Determinants and Macroeconomic Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2007/178

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Plekhanov , Manmohan Kumar , and Daniel Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867428

Keywords: non-Ricardian model, expenditure, fiscal consolidations,

The paper analyzes the determinants of success of recent fiscal consolidations in the OECD countries as well as the short-run and long-run effects of fiscal adjustments on economic activity by looking at fourteen c...

Fiscal Consolidations and Growth: Does Speed Matter?

Fiscal Consolidations and Growth: Does Speed Matter? »

Source: Fiscal Consolidations and Growth : Does Speed Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2013/230

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Steven Pennings , and Esther Perez Ruiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2013

ISBN: 9781475517866

Keywords: fiscal multipliers, government expenditure, anticipation effects, government spending, fiscal consolidations, General,

Should fiscal consolidations be front-loaded or proceed at a more steady pace, and how does this affect growth? We make an attempt to address this question using a three-step methodology. First, we modify a standar...

Human Capital Accumulation and Public Sector Growth

Human Capital Accumulation and Public Sector Growth »

Source: Human Capital Accumulation and Public Sector Growth

Volume/Issue: 1995/95

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi , and Howell Zee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781451950441

Keywords: expenditure, government expenditure, per capita income, per capita income levels, wage expenditure

The present paper takes a fresh theoretical and empirical look into the relationship between Wagner’s law and economic development. It introduces human capital into a classic two-sector model of unbalanced g...

A Review of Capital Budgeting Practices

A Review of Capital Budgeting Practices »

Volume/Issue: 2008/160

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davina Jacobs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870183.001

ISBN: 9781451870183

Keywords: low-income countries, expenditures, capital expenditures, expenditure, capital budget,

A key challenge in government budgeting is to define an appropriate balance between current and capital expenditures. Budgeting for government capital investment also remains not well-integrated into the formal bud...

An Exploration of the Private Sector Response to Changes in Government Saving Across OECD Countries

An Exploration of the Private Sector Response to Changes in Government Saving Across OECD Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2001/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849066.001

ISBN: 9781451849066

Keywords: intergenerational fiscal balance, Ricardian effects, expenditures, expenditure, fiscal adjustments, fiscal position, Integenerational Fiscal Balance,

Several recent papers have examined the response of national saving to changes in fiscal policy. This paper uses knowledge about the intergenerational fiscal position of a country to determine whether this informat...

Characterizing the Expenditure Uncertainties of Industrial Countries in the 21st Century

Characterizing the Expenditure Uncertainties of Industrial Countries in the 21st Century »

Volume/Issue: 2005/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller , and David Hauner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861105.001

ISBN: 9781451861105

Keywords: fiscal frameworks, expenditure, expenditures, government expenditure, fiscal policy, expenditure categories, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt,

A number of uncertainties about long-term expenditure commitments in industrial countries are examined: (i) the assumptions underlying the projections, (ii) the potential to further reduce non-age-related expenditu...

Fiscal Consolidations and Growth
			: Does Speed Matter?

Fiscal Consolidations and Growth : Does Speed Matter? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/230

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Steven Pennings , and Esther Perez Ruiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475517866.001

ISBN: 9781475517866

Keywords: fiscal multipliers, government expenditure, anticipation effects, government spending, fiscal consolidations, General,

Should fiscal consolidations be front-loaded or proceed at a more steady pace, and how does this affect growth? We make an attempt to address this question using a three-step methodology. First, we modify a standar...