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I Overview

I Overview »

Source: International Trade Policies : The Uruguay Round and Beyond, Volume I. Principal Issues

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Richard Harmsen , Peter Uimonen , Naheed Kirmani , and Michael Leidy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754691

Keywords: trade liberalization, uruguay round, international trade, exchange rate, trade restrictions

Open markets, alongside sound macroeconomic, structural, and social policies, are a means to “high-quality” growth (i.e., growth that is sustainable and equitable). Liberal trade policies, through their effe...

II Trade Policy Developments, 1990–93

II Trade Policy Developments, 1990–93 »

Source: International Trade Policies : The Uruguay Round and Beyond, Volume I. Principal Issues

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Richard Harmsen , Peter Uimonen , Naheed Kirmani , and Michael Leidy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754691

Keywords: trade liberalization, uruguay round, international trade, exchange rate, trade restrictions

During 1990–93, the growth of trade (as measured by trade volumes) outstripped the increase in real GDP, in line with the trend toward increased integration of the world economy over most of the past three d...

III The Uruguay Round

III The Uruguay Round »

Source: International Trade Policies : The Uruguay Round and Beyond, Volume I. Principal Issues

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Richard Harmsen , Peter Uimonen , Naheed Kirmani , and Michael Leidy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754691

Keywords: trade liberalization, uruguay round, international trade, exchange rate, trade restrictions

The conclusion of the Uruguay Round is a major achievement in international trade relations and a crucial element in promoting world trade and growth in the medium term. It arrested the deterior...

What is Driving Financial De-Dollarization in Latin America?

What is Driving Financial De-Dollarization in Latin America? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mercedes Garcia-Escribano , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455211883.001

ISBN: 9781455211883

Keywords: de-dollarization, banking system, dollarization, exchange rate, exchange rate volatility, constant exchange rate, nominal exchange rate, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General

In the last decade, a group of Latin American countries (Bolivia, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay) experienced a gradual, yet sustained decline in financial dollarization. This paper documents the stylized facts and us...

International Trade Policies
			: The Uruguay Round and Beyond, Volume I. Principal Issues

International Trade Policies : The Uruguay Round and Beyond, Volume I. Principal Issues »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Richard Harmsen , Peter Uimonen , Naheed Kirmani , and Michael Leidy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754691.083

ISBN: 9781557754691

Keywords: trade liberalization, uruguay round, international trade, exchange rate, trade restrictions

This paper analyzes the achievements of the Uruguay Round, and issues with the post-Uruguay Round agenda. The paper highlights that the conclusion of the Uruguay Round is a major achievement in international trade...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: International Trade Policies : The Uruguay Round and Beyond, Volume I. Principal Issues

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Richard Harmsen , Peter Uimonen , Naheed Kirmani , and Michael Leidy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754691

Keywords: trade liberalization, uruguay round, international trade, exchange rate, trade restrictions

This paper analyzes the achievements of the Uruguay Round, and issues with the post-Uruguay Round agenda. The paper highlights that the conclusion of the Uruguay Round is a major achievement in international trade...

IV Post-Uruguay Round Agenda

IV Post-Uruguay Round Agenda »

Source: International Trade Policies : The Uruguay Round and Beyond, Volume I. Principal Issues

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Richard Harmsen , Peter Uimonen , Naheed Kirmani , and Michael Leidy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754691

Keywords: trade liberalization, uruguay round, international trade, exchange rate, trade restrictions

The Final Act of the Uruguay Round provides for completing negotiations in key service sectors within specified time frames, including financial services, telecommunications, transportation, and movement of...

V Role of the Fund

V Role of the Fund »

Source: International Trade Policies : The Uruguay Round and Beyond, Volume I. Principal Issues

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Richard Harmsen , Peter Uimonen , Naheed Kirmani , and Michael Leidy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754691

Keywords: trade liberalization, uruguay round, international trade, exchange rate, trade restrictions

This section reviews the trade policy content of the Fund’s recent surveillance and lending activities, and issues of cooperation with the GATT/WTO. Surveillance In seeking...

What is Driving Financial De-Dollarization in Latin America?

What is Driving Financial De-Dollarization in Latin America? »

Source: What is Driving Financial De-Dollarization in Latin America?

Volume/Issue: 2011/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mercedes Garcia-Escribano , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455211883

Keywords: de-dollarization, banking system, dollarization, exchange rate, exchange rate volatility, constant exchange rate, nominal exchange rate, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General

In the last decade, a group of Latin American countries (Bolivia, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay) experienced a gradual, yet sustained decline in financial dollarization. This paper documents the stylized facts and us...