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Assessing Competitiveness and Real Exchange Rate Misalignment in Low-Income Countries

Assessing Competitiveness and Real Exchange Rate Misalignment in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Assessing Competitiveness and Real Exchange Rate Misalignment in Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2007/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Lewis , Aurelie Martin , and Gabriel Di Bella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2007

ISBN: 9781451867657

Keywords: Competitiveness, Equilibrium Exchange Rates, Low-Income Countries, reer, exchange rate, export volume, exchange rates, real exchange rate, Comparative Studies of Countries,

Assessing a country's competitiveness routinely starts with an analysis of the real exchange rate. However, in low-income countries, empirical analysis of the real exchange rate is often subject to important limita...

Commodity Prices and Exchange Rate Volatility

Commodity Prices and Exchange Rate Volatility »

Source: Commodity Prices and Exchange Rate Volatility : Lessons from South Africa's Capital Account Liberalization

Volume/Issue: 2012/168

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elena Dumitrescu , Rabah Arezki , Andreas Freytag , and Marc Quintyn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781475505160

Keywords: Exchange rate, volatility, financial flows, reer, real exchange rate, exchange rate volatility

We examine the relationship between South African Rand and gold price volatility using monthly data for the period 1980-2010. Our main findings is that prior to capital account liberalization the causality runs fro...

Competitiveness in the CFA Franc Zone

Competitiveness in the CFA Franc Zone »

Source: Competitiveness in the CFA Franc Zone

Volume/Issue: 2007/212

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Charalambos Tsangarides , and Gustavo Ramirez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2007

ISBN: 9781451867763

Keywords: Competitiveness, CFA franc, WAEMU, CEMAC, exchange rate, reer, exchange rates, real effective exchange rate, effective exchange rate,

This paper reviews the evolution of competitiveness in the CFA franc zone using a proposed comprehensive competitiveness framework. In particular, we examine competitiveness in the WAEMU and CEMAC regions by analyz...

Competitiveness Indicators

Competitiveness Indicators »

Source: Competitiveness Indicators : A Theoretical and Empirical Assessment

Volume/Issue: 1994/29

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Marsh , and Stephen Tokarick

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1994

ISBN: 9781451844733

Keywords: reer, exchange rate, unit labor costs, real exchange rate, export unit

This paper discusses five indicators of competitiveness: real exchange rates based on consumer price indices, export unit values of manufacturing goods, the relative price of traded to nontraded goods, normalized u...

Determinants of Venezuela's Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate

Determinants of Venezuela's Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate »

Source: Determinants of Venezuela's Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate

Volume/Issue: 2006/74

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451863345

Keywords: Equilibrium real exchange rate, exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rates, reer, market exchange rates, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Venezuela, Republica Bolivariana De,

The Venezuelan Bolivar is pegged to the U.S. dollar and supported by foreign exchange restrictions. To assess the appropriateness of the peg during the current period of high oil export earnings and the likely cons...

Establishing Conversion Values for New Currency Unions

Establishing Conversion Values for New Currency Unions »

Source: Establishing Conversion Values for New Currency Unions : Method and Application to the planned Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Currency Union

Volume/Issue: 2009/184

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bassem Kamar , Jean-Etienne Carlotti , and Russell Krueger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

ISBN: 9781451873313

Keywords: Currency union, conversion rates, EAC, East African Community, ECOWAS, ECU, GCC, Gulf Cooperation Council, SADC, South African Development Community

A key issue in creating a new currency union is setting the rates to convert national currencies into the new union currency. Planned unions in the Gulf region and Africa are seeking methods to set the conversion r...

Estimation of a Behavioral Equilibrium Exchange Rate Model for Ghana

Estimation of a Behavioral Equilibrium Exchange Rate Model for Ghana »

Source: Estimation of a Behavioral Equilibrium Exchange Rate Model for Ghana

Volume/Issue: 2007/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elena Loukoianova , and Plamen Iossifov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867190

Keywords: real effective exchange rate, competitiveness, BEER, reer, exchange rate, effective exchange rate, real exchange rate,

The paper estimates a behavioral equilibrium exchange rate model for Ghana. Regression results show that most of the REER's long-run behavior can be explained by real GDP growth, real interest rate differentials (b...

Euro Area Export Performance and Competitiveness

Euro Area Export Performance and Competitiveness »

Source: Euro Area Export Performance and Competitiveness

Volume/Issue: 2011/140

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jarkko Turunen , Richard Harmsen , and Tamim Bayoumi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455265459

Keywords: Competitiveness, Trade equations, euro, export, reer, exchange rates, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

Concerns about export growth within the euro area peripheral countries due to a lack of competitiveness within the euro area are a key policy issue. Our analysis suggests that: (i) Long-term price elasticities for...

Exchange Rate Unification, the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate, and Choice of Exchange Rate Regime

Exchange Rate Unification, the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate, and Choice of Exchange Rate Regime »

Source: Exchange Rate Unification, the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate, and Choice of Exchange Rate Regime : The Case of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Volume/Issue: 1999/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451843248

Keywords: Exchange rate unification, equilibrium exchange rate, exchange rate regime, Islamic Republic of Iran, exchange rate, real exchange rate, oil exports, reer, exchange rates

This paper reviews recent developments in the exchange system in the Islamic Republic of Iran and in the real effective exchange rate (REER). It also considers the determinants of the REER in connection with the ch...

Export Performance and External Competitiveness in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Export Performance and External Competitiveness in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia »

Source: Export Performance and External Competitiveness in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Volume/Issue: 2006/261

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eva Gutierrez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2006

ISBN: 9781451865219

Keywords: Competitiveness, equilibrium exchange rate, exchange rate, real exchange rate, reer, real effective exchange rate, Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of, Macedonia, Fyr,

This paper reviews a broad set of indicators of competitiveness in the Macedonian economy and estimates the equilibrium real effective exchange rate (REER) using different methodologies. Although the REER is broadl...