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2 Adjustment and Internal-External Balance

2 Adjustment and Internal-External Balance »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

This chapter provides a framework for determining the appropriate mix of monetary, fiscal, and exchange rate policies for correcting macroeconomic imbalances. It discusses the design of macroeconomic adjustm...

9 Assessment of the Fiscal Balance

9 Assessment of the Fiscal Balance »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

One of the primary goals of fiscal policy is to contribute to price stabilization in the context of a sustainable balance of payments. 1 To attain this objective, public sector fi...

Credibility and Exchange Rate Management in Developing Countries

Credibility and Exchange Rate Management in Developing Countries »

Source: Credibility and Exchange Rate Management in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1991/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pierre-Richard Agénor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1991

ISBN: 9781451850925

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, fixed exchange rate, real exchange rate, nominal exchange rate

The paper examines the role of credibility in the conduct of exchange rate policy in developing countries, The analysis is based on a model in which policymakers are concerned about inflation and external competiti...

5 Current Account Sustainability

5 Current Account Sustainability »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

The current account of the balance of payments is an important variable for policymakers. Deficits in the external current account are the result of the accumulation of net claims of foreigners on residents....

10 Determinants of Nominal Exchange Rates: A Survey of the Literature

10 Determinants of Nominal Exchange Rates: A Survey of the Literature »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

Traditional models of exchange rate determination have focused on three types of explanatory variables: national price levels, interest rates, and the balance of payments. Although the perception that exchan...

3 Do IMF-Supported Programs Work? A Survey of the Cross-Country Empirical Evidence

3 Do IMF-Supported Programs Work? A Survey of the Cross-Country Empirical Evidence »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

The IMF plays a central role in the adjustment efforts of its member countries by assisting in the design of appropriate adjustment programs to achieve viability of the balance of payments, price stability,...

Explicit and Implicit Targets in Open Economies

Explicit and Implicit Targets in Open Economies »

Source: Explicit and Implicit Targets in Open Economies

Volume/Issue: 2005/176

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Silvia Sgherri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781451861952

Keywords: Inflation targeting, interest rate rules, exchange rates, inflation, central bank, inflation targeting regime, Money and Interest Rates: General,

Under a flexible inflation targeting regime, should policymakers avoid any reaction to movements in the foreign exchange market? Using data for six advanced open economies explicitly targeting inflation, the paper...

External Shocks and Inflation in Developing Countries Under a Real Exchange Rate Rule

External Shocks and Inflation in Developing Countries Under a Real Exchange Rate Rule »

Source: External Shocks and Inflation in Developing Countries Under a Real Exchange Rate Rule

Volume/Issue: 1992/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , and Peter Montiel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1992

ISBN: 9781451849646

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, terms of trade, inflation rate

This paper shows that the response of inflation to external shocks is very different when the authorities target the real exchange rate than when they follow a fixed exchange rate or a preannounced crawling peg. Sp...

8 Fiscal Policy and Macroeconomic Management

8 Fiscal Policy and Macroeconomic Management »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

Fiscal policy is defined as the government’s measures to guide and control spending and taxation. The traditional view is that fiscal policy performs three main functions: allocation, distributi...

Hybrid Inflation Targeting Regimes

Hybrid Inflation Targeting Regimes »

Source: Hybrid Inflation Targeting Regimes

Volume/Issue: 2009/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlos Garcia , Jorge Restrepo , and Scott Roger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

ISBN: 9781451873818

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, real exchange rate,

This paper uses a DSGE model to examine whether including the exchange rate explicitly in the central bank's policy reaction function can improve macroeconomic performance. It is found that including an element of...