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Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries

Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries »

Source: Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries : Exchange Rate versus PPP Based GDP Weights

Volume/Issue: 1992/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marianne Schulze-Gattas , and Anne Gulde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1992

ISBN: 9781451845396

Keywords: exchange rate, market exchange rates, market exchange rate

Relative GDP shares are frequently used as weights in aggregations. In order to ensure that these weights reflect countries’ shares in real output, GDP data in national currencies should be converted into a...

5 Analysis of and Policy Responses to Rapid Credit Growth

5 Analysis of and Policy Responses to Rapid Credit Growth »

Source: Rapid Credit Growth in Central and Eastern Europe : Endless Boom or Early Warning?

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Charles Enoch , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2007

ISBN: 9780230521513

Keywords: Credit expansion, Eastern Europe, credit, banking, banking sector, current account, foreign exchange

This chapter discusses the phenomenon of rapid growth in bank credit to the private sector, which in recent years has been particularly prominent in many Central, Eastern, and South-eastern European countrie...

Appendix I. Measurement and Accounting Issues

Appendix I. Measurement and Accounting Issues »

Source: Quasi-Fiscal Operations of Public Financial Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , and Peter Stella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 1996

ISBN: 9781557755834

Keywords: central bank, inflation, monetary fund, central banks, exchange rate

Various problems that arise in defining QFA, and in measuring the quasi-fiscal component of the operations of central banks and other PFIs, were briefly discussed in the text, as were the difficulties that c...

Appendix II Varieties of Country Experience

Appendix II Varieties of Country Experience »

Source: Quasi-Fiscal Operations of Public Financial Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , and Peter Stella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 1996

ISBN: 9781557755834

Keywords: central bank, inflation, monetary fund, central banks, exchange rate

This appendix describes a variety of QFAs that have been practiced in IMF member countries. Its intent is to give a flavor of the many forms that such practices can take; the countries whose experience is ci...

Appendix III Five Country Case Studies

Appendix III Five Country Case Studies »

Source: Quasi-Fiscal Operations of Public Financial Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , and Peter Stella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 1996

ISBN: 9781557755834

Keywords: central bank, inflation, monetary fund, central banks, exchange rate

Uruguay The history of QFA in the central bank and certain other PFIs since the early 1970s 50 can be divided roughly into three periods: the first,...

Are Pegged and Intermediate Regimes More Crisis Prone?

Are Pegged and Intermediate Regimes More Crisis Prone? »

Source: Are Pegged and Intermediate Regimes More Crisis Prone?

Volume/Issue: 2003/223

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrea Bubula , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451875317

Keywords: bipolar view, pegged regimes, soft pegs, floats, intermediate regimes, exchange market pressure, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange rates, exchange rate regime

This paper provides evidence on the susceptibility of different types of exchange rate regimes to currency crises during 1990-2001. It explores the incidence of crises, identified as episodes of severe exchange mar...

Assessing and Managing Rapid Credit Growth and the Role of Supervisory and Prudential Policies

Assessing and Managing Rapid Credit Growth and the Role of Supervisory and Prudential Policies »

Source: Assessing and Managing Rapid Credit Growth and the Role of Supervisory and Prudential Policies

Volume/Issue: 2005/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ceyla Pazarbasioglu , Gudrun Johnsen , Paul Hilbers , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451861709

Keywords: credit growth, supervisory and prudential policies, banking, foreign exchange, financial sector, bank credit, financial system, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

This paper reviews trends in bank lending to the private sector, with a particular focus on Central and Eastern European countries, and finds that rapid growth of private sector credit continues to be a key challen...

11 Assessment of Credit Growth in Lithuania

11 Assessment of Credit Growth in Lithuania »

Source: Rapid Credit Growth in Central and Eastern Europe : Endless Boom or Early Warning?

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Charles Enoch , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2007

ISBN: 9780230521513

Keywords: Credit expansion, Eastern Europe, credit, banking, banking sector, current account, foreign exchange

The dynamic developments in the Lithuanian credit market have attracted observers’ attention. The rate of banking intermediation growth, unthinkable for mature economies, is to a large extent justified on th...

The Asymmetric Effects of Monetary Policy on Job Creation and Destructior

The Asymmetric Effects of Monetary Policy on Job Creation and Destructior »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 44 No. 4

Volume: 44

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451930962

Keywords: dummy variables, international monetary fund, capital stock, output growth, exchange rate

This paper deals with liberalization and the evolution of output during the transition from plan to market. It explains why strong liberalization leads to a comparatively steep fall in output early in the transitio...

Auctions

Auctions »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 40 No. 3

Volume: 40

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1993

ISBN: 9781451973259

Keywords: bidders, bidder, securities, bids, foreign exchange

This paper assesses alternative auction techniques for pricing and allocating various financial instruments, such as government securities, central bank refinance credit, and foreign exchange. Before recommending a...