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Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries

Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries »

Source: Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries : Exchange Rate versus PPP Based GDP Weights

Volume/Issue: 1992/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marianne Schulze-Gattas , and Anne Gulde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1992

ISBN: 9781451845396

Keywords: exchange rate, market exchange rates, market exchange rate

Relative GDP shares are frequently used as weights in aggregations. In order to ensure that these weights reflect countries’ shares in real output, GDP data in national currencies should be converted into a...

Are Pegged and Intermediate Regimes More Crisis Prone?

Are Pegged and Intermediate Regimes More Crisis Prone? »

Source: Are Pegged and Intermediate Regimes More Crisis Prone?

Volume/Issue: 2003/223

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrea Bubula , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451875317

Keywords: bipolar view, pegged regimes, soft pegs, floats, intermediate regimes, exchange market pressure, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange rates, exchange rate regime

This paper provides evidence on the susceptibility of different types of exchange rate regimes to currency crises during 1990-2001. It explores the incidence of crises, identified as episodes of severe exchange mar...

Assessing and Managing Rapid Credit Growth and the Role of Supervisory and Prudential Policies

Assessing and Managing Rapid Credit Growth and the Role of Supervisory and Prudential Policies »

Source: Assessing and Managing Rapid Credit Growth and the Role of Supervisory and Prudential Policies

Volume/Issue: 2005/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ceyla Pazarbasioglu , Gudrun Johnsen , Paul Hilbers , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451861709

Keywords: credit growth, supervisory and prudential policies, banking, foreign exchange, financial sector, bank credit, financial system, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

This paper reviews trends in bank lending to the private sector, with a particular focus on Central and Eastern European countries, and finds that rapid growth of private sector credit continues to be a key challen...

Bank Asset Quality in Emerging Markets

Bank Asset Quality in Emerging Markets »

Source: Bank Asset Quality in Emerging Markets : Determinants and Spillovers

Volume/Issue: 2012/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reinout De Bock , and Alexander Demyanets

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502237

Keywords: Macro-financial linkages, Nonperforming loans, Exchange rate, Panel regressions, capital inflows, net capital flows, exchange rates, Bank Asset Quality in Emerging Markets, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, International Finance: General

This paper assesses the vulnerability of emerging markets and their banks to aggregate shocks. We find significant links between banks' asset quality, credit and macroeconomic aggregates. Lower economic growth, an...

The Behavior of Currencies during Risk-off Episodes1

The Behavior of Currencies during Risk-off Episodes1 »

Source: The Behavior of Currencies during Risk-off Episodes

Volume/Issue: 2013/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reinout De Bock , and Irineu de Carvalho Filho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2013

ISBN: 9781557755308

Keywords: Risk-off episodes, safe haven currencies, exchange rate, currency markets, capital flows, global financial crisis,

Episodes of increased global risk aversion, also known as risk-off episodes, have become more frequent and severe since 2007. During these episodes, currency markets exhibit recurrent patterns, as the Japanese yen,...

Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks?

Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks? »

Source: Can Foreign Exchange Intervention Stem Exchange Rate Pressures from Global Capital Flow Shocks?

Volume/Issue: 2015/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , Gustavo Adler , and Irineu de Carvalho Filho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513585840

Keywords: exchange rate, gross capital flows, exchange, market, General,

Many emerging market economies have relied on foreign exchange intervention (FXI) in response to gross capital inflows. In this paper, we study whether FXI has been an effective tool to dampen the effects of these...

Capital Flows to Transition Economies

Capital Flows to Transition Economies »

Source: Capital Flows to Transition Economies : Master or Servant?

Volume/Issue: 2002/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leslie Lipschitz , Alex Mourmouras , and Timothy Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451842791

Keywords: convergence, macroeconomic policy, capital inflows, exchange rate, real appreciation, capital market, Money And Interest Rates,

This paper discusses the forces driving capital flows in the transition countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). It argues that various influences—specifically, the real exchange rate history and trend...

Capital Inflows

Capital Inflows »

Source: Capital Inflows : Macroeconomic Implications and Policy Responses

Volume/Issue: 2009/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Selim Elekdag , Ayhan Kose , and Roberto Cardarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

ISBN: 9781451871883

Keywords: crises, sterilization, exchange rate, private capital inflows, private capital,

This paper examines the macroeconomic implications of, and policy responses to surges in private capital inflows across a large group of emerging and advanced economies. In particular, we identify 109 episodes of l...

The Capital Markets of Emerging Europe

The Capital Markets of Emerging Europe »

Source: The Capital Markets of Emerging Europe : Institutions, Instruments and Investors

Volume/Issue: 2008/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Li Ong , and Silvia Iorgova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451869644

Keywords: Benchmarks, corporate governance and transparency, derivatives, institutional investors, stock markets, bond, stock exchange, stock market, stock markets. exchange,

Emerging European countries have made large strides in developing their local capital markets since the early-1990s. However, the rate of development has been widely disparate across countries and market segments,...

The Changing Mix of Disequilibria During Transition

The Changing Mix of Disequilibria During Transition »

Source: The Changing Mix of Disequilibria During Transition : A Romanian Background

Volume/Issue: 1994/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Daianu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1994

ISBN: 9781451849394

Keywords: inflation, foreign exchange, aggregate demand, terms of trade

This paper looks at the dynamics of (dis)equilibria during post-command transition. It tries to define an optimal mix between external and internal disequilibrium and to apply this concept to the analysis of the Ro...