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5 Analysis of and Policy Responses to Rapid Credit Growth

5 Analysis of and Policy Responses to Rapid Credit Growth »

Source: Rapid Credit Growth in Central and Eastern Europe : Endless Boom or Early Warning?

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Charles Enoch , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2007

ISBN: 9780230521513

Keywords: Credit expansion, Eastern Europe, credit, banking, banking sector, current account, foreign exchange

This chapter discusses the phenomenon of rapid growth in bank credit to the private sector, which in recent years has been particularly prominent in many Central, Eastern, and South-eastern European countrie...

Appendix I. Measurement and Accounting Issues

Appendix I. Measurement and Accounting Issues »

Source: Quasi-Fiscal Operations of Public Financial Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , and Peter Stella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 1996

ISBN: 9781557755834

Keywords: central bank, inflation, monetary fund, central banks, exchange rate

Various problems that arise in defining QFA, and in measuring the quasi-fiscal component of the operations of central banks and other PFIs, were briefly discussed in the text, as were the difficulties that c...

Appendix II Varieties of Country Experience

Appendix II Varieties of Country Experience »

Source: Quasi-Fiscal Operations of Public Financial Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , and Peter Stella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 1996

ISBN: 9781557755834

Keywords: central bank, inflation, monetary fund, central banks, exchange rate

This appendix describes a variety of QFAs that have been practiced in IMF member countries. Its intent is to give a flavor of the many forms that such practices can take; the countries whose experience is ci...

Appendix III Five Country Case Studies

Appendix III Five Country Case Studies »

Source: Quasi-Fiscal Operations of Public Financial Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , and Peter Stella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 1996

ISBN: 9781557755834

Keywords: central bank, inflation, monetary fund, central banks, exchange rate

Uruguay The history of QFA in the central bank and certain other PFIs since the early 1970s 50 can be divided roughly into three periods: the first,...

11 Assessment of Credit Growth in Lithuania

11 Assessment of Credit Growth in Lithuania »

Source: Rapid Credit Growth in Central and Eastern Europe : Endless Boom or Early Warning?

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Charles Enoch , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2007

ISBN: 9780230521513

Keywords: Credit expansion, Eastern Europe, credit, banking, banking sector, current account, foreign exchange

The dynamic developments in the Lithuanian credit market have attracted observers’ attention. The rate of banking intermediation growth, unthinkable for mature economies, is to a large extent justified on th...

Coping with the Crisis

Coping with the Crisis »

Source: Coping with the Crisis : Policy Options for Emerging Market Countries

Volume/Issue: 2009/08

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Christopher Crowe , Jonathan Ostry , Jun Kim , Marcos Chamon , and Atish Ghosh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 April 2009

ISBN: 9781462323296

Keywords: Emerging markets, exchange rate, fiscal policy, foreign exchange, interest rates, foreign currency

...

1 Credit Growth in Central and Eastern Europe

1 Credit Growth in Central and Eastern Europe »

Source: Rapid Credit Growth in Central and Eastern Europe : Endless Boom or Early Warning?

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Charles Enoch , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2007

ISBN: 9780230521513

Keywords: Credit expansion, Eastern Europe, credit, banking, banking sector, current account, foreign exchange

Rapid credit growth is one of the most pervasive developments in recent years in the countries of Central, Eastern, and South-eastern Europe (CEE). The benefits of this growth are unquestioned; but so are th...

7 Credit Growth Slowdown: The Experience of Bulgaria

7 Credit Growth Slowdown: The Experience of Bulgaria »

Source: Rapid Credit Growth in Central and Eastern Europe : Endless Boom or Early Warning?

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Charles Enoch , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2007

ISBN: 9780230521513

Keywords: Credit expansion, Eastern Europe, credit, banking, banking sector, current account, foreign exchange

The banking sector in Bulgaria currently consists of 28 domestic banks and six foreign branches. The number of banks may seem large, but in relative terms the sector is small—before the beginning of the cred...

20 Cross-Border Supervisory Cooperation

20 Cross-Border Supervisory Cooperation »

Source: Rapid Credit Growth in Central and Eastern Europe : Endless Boom or Early Warning?

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Charles Enoch , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2007

ISBN: 9780230521513

Keywords: Credit expansion, Eastern Europe, credit, banking, banking sector, current account, foreign exchange

This chapter discusses the role played by the Committee of European Banking Supervisors (CEBS) in promoting the convergence of banking supervisory practices and supervisory cooperation in Europe (see Box 20....

18 Debt Growth: Factors, Institutional Issues and Implications—The Portuguese Case

18 Debt Growth: Factors, Institutional Issues and Implications—The Portuguese Case »

Source: Rapid Credit Growth in Central and Eastern Europe : Endless Boom or Early Warning?

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Charles Enoch , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2007

ISBN: 9780230521513

Keywords: Credit expansion, Eastern Europe, credit, banking, banking sector, current account, foreign exchange

In this chapter, I discuss some of the features underlying the private sector debt evolution in Portugal throughout the 1990s. Rapid private sector credit growth, both in the household and nonfinancial corpo...