Browse

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 53 items :

  • Middle East x
  • Keywords: exchange x
Clear All
Achieving Stabilization in Armenia1

Achieving Stabilization in Armenia1 »

Source: Achieving Stabilization in Armenia

Volume/Issue: 1998/38

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Balázs Horváth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1998

ISBN: 9781451845662

Keywords: transition economy, fiscal impulse, monetary impulse, currency substitution, inflation, monetary policy, inflation tax, foreign currency, foreign exchange

This paper examines the evolution, and impact on stabilization, of macroeconomic policies in Armenia during 1994-96. Fiscal and monetary policies have been effective in stabilizing the Armenian economy and facilita...

Armenia

Armenia »

Source: Armenia : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1995/111

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 December 1995

ISBN: 9781451801408

Keywords: foreign exchange, wage, wages, banking, banking system

This paper reviews economic developments in the Republic of Armenia during the 1990s. Real GDP declined by a cumulative 60 percent in 1992-93; price changes reached hyperinflation levels in late 1993; and real wage...

Armenia

Armenia »

Source: Armenia : Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 1999/128

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 November 1999

ISBN: 9781451801439

Keywords: banking, banking system, foreign exchange, tax revenues, tax system

This paper reports economic developments in the Republic of Armenia during 1998-99. Prior to August 1998, real GDP growth was strong, inflation had declined to moderate levels, the current account deficit was decli...

Armenia

Armenia »

Source: Armenia : An Assessment of the Real Exchange Rate and Competitiveness

Volume/Issue: 2011/20

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anke Weber , and Chunfang Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455211951

Keywords: Equilibrium exchange rate, competitiveness, panel estimations, exchange rate, real exchange rate, cointegration, survey, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper uses a range of different methodologies to estimate the equilibrium real exchange rate in Armenia with both single-country and panel estimation techniques. We estimate a country specific autoregressive d...

7 Central Bank Accounting and Internal Audit

7 Central Bank Accounting and Internal Audit »

Source: Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

The broad focus of reforms in central bank accounting and internal audit has been on the implementation of accounting systems that are both relevant and practical for supporting the...

Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756084.071

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

Since 1992, the central banks of the Baltic states and the Commonwealth of Independent States have undertaken comprehensive reform of their monetary and exchange arrangements in support of their stabilization effor...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

Since 1992, the central banks of the Baltic states and the Commonwealth of Independent States have undertaken comprehensive reform of their monetary and exchange arrangements in support of their stabilization effor...

Estimating Equilibrium Exchange Rates for Armenia and Georgia

Estimating Equilibrium Exchange Rates for Armenia and Georgia »

Source: Estimating Equilibrium Exchange Rates for Armenia and Georgia

Volume/Issue: 2008/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shuang Ding , and Omar Al Shehabi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451869705

Keywords: equilibrium exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rates, current account balance, terms of trade,

The significant real exchange rate appreciation in Armenia and Georgia since 2003, coupled with persistent current account deficits, raises the question of whether real exchange rates have become overvalued. This p...

Exchange Rate, Money, and Wages

Exchange Rate, Money, and Wages »

Source: Exchange Rate, Money, and Wages : What is Driving Prices in Armenia?

Volume/Issue: 2004/229

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Armine Khachatryan , David Grigorian , and Grigor Sargsyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2004

ISBN: 9781451875508

Keywords: price dynamics, error correction model, inflation, foreign exchange, money market, central bank, Money and Interest Rates, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance,

This paper is the first attempt to look at inflation dynamics and monetary transmission mechanisms in Armenia in the context of a full information model containing three interrelated markets: foreign exchange, mone...

5 Foreign Exchange Operations, Markets, and Reserve Management

5 Foreign Exchange Operations, Markets, and Reserve Management »

Source: Central Bank Reform in the Transition Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781557756084

Keywords: national bank, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, banking system

Over the last four years, the transition countries have, on the whole, moved substantially toward more market-based exchange rate arrangements, with a view to promoting both greater...