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Assessing Options for Nordic-Baltic Co-operation in Biosafety

Assessing Options for Nordic-Baltic Co-operation in Biosafety »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2005

ISBN: 9789289312110

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Genetically Modified Organisms, Emphasis on Environmental Aspects, Risk Assessment and Monitoring, Exchanging Information and Experiences, Reports from Group Discussions, Nordic and Baltic Authorities

This report is the outcome of a meeting arranged to assess the options and need for co-operation of Nordic and Baltic authorities regarding safety of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), with the emphasis on envi...

Comparative study of Nordic teacher-training programmes

Comparative study of Nordic teacher-training programmes »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9789289318457

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Teacher-training Programmes, Comparative Study, Exchanges of Information, Encourage Mutual Inspiration and Learning, Student Characteristics, Terms and Conditions

This is the first report to compare the teacher-training programmes in all of the Nordic countries. The main purposes of this comparative study are to create the basis for exchanges of information and to encourage...

The Credibility of Nordic Exchange Rate Bands: 1987-1991

The Credibility of Nordic Exchange Rate Bands: 1987-1991 »

Source: The Credibility of Nordic Exchange Rate Bands : 1987-1991

Volume/Issue: 1992/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sami Geadah , Lars Svensson , and Tapio Saavalainen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451841817

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate band, forward exchange, foreign exchange

The credibility of the exchange rate bands in the Nordic countries during 1987-91 is examined with two tests. The results suggest that the credibility of Finland’s exchange rate band within a twelve-month ho...

Estimation of the Near Unit Root Model of Real Exchange Rates

Estimation of the Near Unit Root Model of Real Exchange Rates »

Source: Estimation of the Near Unit Root Model of Real Exchange Rates

Volume/Issue: 1996/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): C. McDermott

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1996

ISBN: 9781451846928

Keywords: exchange rates, real exchange rates, exchange rate, time series, real exchange rate

The time-series properties of real exchange rates, on a number of definitions, for 22 industrial countries during 1979-95 were used to re-examine whether PPP holds. It is shown that if real exchange rates reverted...

EU REACH Enforcement project
			: Final report 2008

EU REACH Enforcement project : Final report 2008 »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9789289317177

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, EU Regulation on Chemicals, Implementation of REACH, Nordic Chemicals Group, Netherlands Granted Funds, Elaborate Work Division, Co-operation and Information Exchange

REACH, the new EU Regulation on chemicals, implies a significant restructuring and enlargement in the field of chemicals regulation, and thus also of enforcement. The importance of the Forum for enforcement include...

The Euro’s Effecton Trade Imbalances

The Euro’s Effecton Trade Imbalances »

Source: The Euro's Effecton Trade Imbalances

Volume/Issue: 2010/226

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helge Berger , and Volker Nitsch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2010

ISBN: 9781455208913

Keywords: imbalances, trade balance, trade surplus, trade deficit, EMU, European integration, exchange rate, trade imbalances, exchange rates, real exchange rate

When does trade become a one-way relationship? We study bilateral trade balances for a sample of 18 European countries over the period from 1948 through 2008. We find that, with the introduction of the euro, trade...

Evaluating Historical CGER Assessments

Evaluating Historical CGER Assessments »

Source: Evaluating Historical CGER Assessments : How Well Have They Predicted Subsequent Exchange Rate Movements?

Volume/Issue: 2009/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jungjin Lee , Abdul Abiad , and Prakash Kannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2009

ISBN: 9781451871791

Keywords: misalignment, exchange rate, statistic, prediction, real exchange rate,

The IMF's Consultative Group on Exchange Rate issues (CGER) has been conducting exchange rate assessments as part of the surveillance process since 1997. This paper evaluates CGER assessments from 1997 to 2006, by...

Exchange Market Pressures and Speculative Capital Flows in Selected European Countries

Exchange Market Pressures and Speculative Capital Flows in Selected European Countries »

Source: Exchange Market Pressures and Speculative Capital Flows in Selected European Countries

Volume/Issue: 1994/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ceyla Pazarbasioglu , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1994

ISBN: 9781451921571

Keywords: exchange rate, probability, foreign exchange, equation, fixed exchange rate

This paper estimates a speculative attack model of currency crises in an attempt to identify the roles of macroeconomic fundamentals and speculative market pressures in the recent crisis, as well as earlier devalua...

How Expensive is Norway? New International Relative Price Measures

How Expensive is Norway? New International Relative Price Measures »

Source: How Expensive is Norway? New International Relative Price Measures

Volume/Issue: 2010/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kornelia Krajnyak , and Volodymyr Tulin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9781455201167

Keywords: real effective exchange rate, Penn World Tables, relative prices, relative price, exchange rate, effective exchange rate, exchange rates, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, International Finance Forecasting and Simulation,

In this paper, we derive two new measures of international relative prices for Norway. Developments in these new measures follow rather closely movements in the CPI-based real effective exchange rate through the 19...

IMF Concludes Article IV Consultation with Norway

IMF Concludes Article IV Consultation with Norway »

Source: Norway : Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2000/15

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 February 2000

ISBN: 9781451829662

Keywords: exchange rate, fiscal policy, labor market, current account, monetary policy

Norway showed exemplary economic performance over the past decade, as reflected in the strong economic growth and low inflation. Executive Directors commended this development, and stressed the need to maintain mon...