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Africa and The Washington Consensus: Finding the Right Path

Africa and The Washington Consensus: Finding the Right Path »

Source: Finance & Development, September 2003

Volume/Issue: 40/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2003

ISBN: 9781451952414

Keywords: monetary fund, inflation, exchange rate, exchange rates

This paper highlights that the Washington Consensus helped fill the need for an economic policy framework following the discrediting of central planning and import-substitution trade strategies. Latin American gove...

9. Agreement Between Fund and Switzerland—Stipulation Pour Autrui

9. Agreement Between Fund and Switzerland—Stipulation Pour Autrui »

Source: The Fund and Non-Member States Some Legal Effects

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 1966

ISBN: 9781451969696

Keywords: exchange transactions, monetary fund, exchange agreements, exchange arrangements, exchange control

One effect of the Articles on non-members results from the exercise of the Fund’s authority to enter into agreements with them. The major example of an international agreement of this kind is the agreement o...

Appendix 2. Country Groups

Appendix 2. Country Groups »

Source: External Assessments in Special Cases

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Anna Ter-Martirosyan , Sally Chen , Lawrence Dwight , Mwanza Nkusu , Mehdi Raissi , and Ashleigh Watson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2014

ISBN: 9781475554830

Keywords: Exchange rate assessments, External sector, Exchange rates, Foreign exchange, exchange rate, exporters, reer, oil, foreign assets

The following groups of economies are identified as having distinct structural characteristics commonly thought to influence exchange rate assessments. 20 Expor...

Appendix 5. Financial Centers

Appendix 5. Financial Centers »

Source: External Assessments in Special Cases

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Anna Ter-Martirosyan , Sally Chen , Lawrence Dwight , Mwanza Nkusu , Mehdi Raissi , and Ashleigh Watson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2014

ISBN: 9781475554830

Keywords: Exchange rate assessments, External sector, Exchange rates, Foreign exchange, exchange rate, exporters, reer, oil, foreign assets

Financial centers are generally characterized by large financial services exports, FDI and investment flows, and/or net foreign assets (Table A5.1). 24 Primarily as a result of th...

Appendix 6. Illustrative Example of Separation of Foreign-Owned Resource Sector

Appendix 6. Illustrative Example of Separation of Foreign-Owned Resource Sector »

Source: External Assessments in Special Cases

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Anna Ter-Martirosyan , Sally Chen , Lawrence Dwight , Mwanza Nkusu , Mehdi Raissi , and Ashleigh Watson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2014

ISBN: 9781475554830

Keywords: Exchange rate assessments, External sector, Exchange rates, Foreign exchange, exchange rate, exporters, reer, oil, foreign assets

This illustrative example separates the domestic economy from the foreign-owned resource sector. It is based on aggregate data for a nonrenewable commodity exporter and assumptions regarding the composition...

Appendix 1. Recent Developments in IMF Surveillance

Appendix 1. Recent Developments in IMF Surveillance »

Source: External Assessments in Special Cases

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Anna Ter-Martirosyan , Sally Chen , Lawrence Dwight , Mwanza Nkusu , Mehdi Raissi , and Ashleigh Watson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2014

ISBN: 9781475554830

Keywords: Exchange rate assessments, External sector, Exchange rates, Foreign exchange, exchange rate, exporters, reer, oil, foreign assets

Recent Reviews The IMF released its latest Triennial Surveillance Review (TSR) in September 2011 and a Review of Progress on Implementation in December 2012. The reports drew lessons...

Appendix 3. Survey of Exchange Rate Assessments

Appendix 3. Survey of Exchange Rate Assessments »

Source: External Assessments in Special Cases

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Anna Ter-Martirosyan , Sally Chen , Lawrence Dwight , Mwanza Nkusu , Mehdi Raissi , and Ashleigh Watson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2014

ISBN: 9781475554830

Keywords: Exchange rate assessments, External sector, Exchange rates, Foreign exchange, exchange rate, exporters, reer, oil, foreign assets

Nearly 95 percent of the 88 reviewed reports for countries with special characteristics use CGER or adjusted methods for exchange rate assessments. This appendix provides more de...

Appendix 4. The Expanded Toolkit: Analytical Framework and Empirical Results

Appendix 4. The Expanded Toolkit: Analytical Framework and Empirical Results »

Source: External Assessments in Special Cases

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Anna Ter-Martirosyan , Sally Chen , Lawrence Dwight , Mwanza Nkusu , Mehdi Raissi , and Ashleigh Watson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2014

ISBN: 9781475554830

Keywords: Exchange rate assessments, External sector, Exchange rates, Foreign exchange, exchange rate, exporters, reer, oil, foreign assets

This appendix aims to provide some guidance to teams working on countries with a concentrated foreign exchange income stream in their customization endeavors for empirical assessments. These countries tend t...

6. Article XI, Section 2: Restrictions Against Non-Members

6. Article XI, Section 2: Restrictions Against Non-Members »

Source: The Fund and Non-Member States Some Legal Effects

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 1966

ISBN: 9781451969696

Keywords: exchange transactions, monetary fund, exchange agreements, exchange arrangements, exchange control

The discussion so far has dealt with the obligations of the Articles and the extent to which they have been brought to bear on non-members. In this and some of the succeeding sections of this paper the subje...

Assessing Offshore Financial Centers

Assessing Offshore Financial Centers »

Source: Finance & Development, September 2003

Volume/Issue: 40/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2003

ISBN: 9781451952414

Keywords: monetary fund, inflation, exchange rate, exchange rates

This paper highlights that the Washington Consensus helped fill the need for an economic policy framework following the discrediting of central planning and import-substitution trade strategies. Latin American gove...