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1. Advanced Europe: Tackling the Sovereign Crisis

1. Advanced Europe: Tackling the Sovereign Crisis »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2011, Europe : Strengthening the Recovery

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350635

Keywords: current account, public finances, current account deficits, public debt, current account balances

Despite headwinds from sovereign and financial tensions, the recovery continues. But downside risks still loom large, and divergences across advanced Europe persist. To avoid a protracted period...

Annex: Data and Econometric Approaches

Annex: Data and Econometric Approaches »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2011, Europe : Strengthening the Recovery

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350635

Keywords: current account, public finances, current account deficits, public debt, current account balances

Estimating Equilibrium and Excessive Imbalances To separate excessive imbalances from equilibrium imbalances and thereby understand how much rebalancing is needed, a simple empirical...

Appendix. Europe: IMF-Supported Arrangements1(As of April 12, 2011)

Appendix. Europe: IMF-Supported Arrangements1(As of April 12, 2011) »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2011, Europe : Strengthening the Recovery

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350635

Keywords: current account, public finances, current account deficits, public debt, current account balances

Country IMF Loan Size, Approval Date Key Objectives...

2. Emerging Europe: Underwriting a Solid Recovery

2. Emerging Europe: Underwriting a Solid Recovery »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2011, Europe : Strengthening the Recovery

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350635

Keywords: current account, public finances, current account deficits, public debt, current account balances

Emerging Europe returned to growth last year, but performance varied widely across the region, reflecting the idiosyncratic legacies of previous boom-bust cycles. For 2011 and 2012, an economic...

3. Financial Integration, Growth, and Imbalances

3. Financial Integration, Growth, and Imbalances »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2011, Europe : Strengthening the Recovery

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350635

Keywords: current account, public finances, current account deficits, public debt, current account balances

In the run-up to the crisis, financial integration in Europe boosted investment and reduced saving in countries that previously had high interest rates. As capital inflows increasingly went into...

I World Economic Outlook and Policy Responses to the Global Slowdown

I World Economic Outlook and Policy Responses to the Global Slowdown »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1999 : International Financial Contagion

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1999

ISBN: 9781557758095

Keywords: unemployment, debt, interest, debtor countries, current account

Since the end of 1998 some significant positive developments in the world economy have been broadly balanced by some important setbacks, so that the global outlook is little changed. Among the setba...

II Global Repercussions of the Crises in Emerging Markets and Other Conjunctural Issues

II Global Repercussions of the Crises in Emerging Markets and Other Conjunctural Issues »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1999 : International Financial Contagion

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1999

ISBN: 9781557758095

Keywords: unemployment, debt, interest, debtor countries, current account

With two significant slowdowns in world economic growth having now occurred in this decade, global economic performance in the 1990s may clearly be viewed as disappointing. In fact, average annual world outp...

III International Financial Contagion

III International Financial Contagion »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1999 : International Financial Contagion

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1999

ISBN: 9781557758095

Keywords: unemployment, debt, interest, debtor countries, current account

The forced devaluation of the Brazilian real in mid-January was the latest in a series of financial crises that have engulfed emerging market economies in recent years. A prominent feature of these crises—th...

Introduction and Overview

Introduction and Overview »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2011, Europe : Strengthening the Recovery

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350635

Keywords: current account, public finances, current account deficits, public debt, current account balances

The global recovery is gaining strength, though significant downside risks could still come into play. The April 2011 World Economic Outlook projects world real GDP growth of 4½ per...

IV Chronic Unemployment in the Euro Area: Causes and Cures

IV Chronic Unemployment in the Euro Area: Causes and Cures »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1999 : International Financial Contagion

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1999

ISBN: 9781557758095

Keywords: unemployment, debt, interest, debtor countries, current account

Despite some modest improvement since 1997, persistently high unemployment remains a major problem in Europe, especially among most of the economies that entered monetary union on January 1, 1999. The electi...