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Appendix 1. “Fiscal Devaluation”: What Is It—and Does It Work?

Appendix 1. “Fiscal Devaluation”: What Is It—and Does It Work? »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

The idea that tax reforms can mimic the effects of exchange rate devaluation is not new. For instance, the formation of the European Union prompted a recognition that moving from the taxation of goods on an...

Appendix 2. Insights for Privatization Plans from Previous Large Episodes

Appendix 2. Insights for Privatization Plans from Previous Large Episodes »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

This appendix analyzes past privatization episodes with a view to providing insights for current and future privatization plans. 1 While past privatizations were often motivated b...

Appendix 4. Stock-Flow Adjustments and Their Determinants

Appendix 4. Stock-Flow Adjustments and Their Determinants »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

Stock-flow adjustments are defined as the difference between the annual change in gross debt and the budget deficit. 1 Over the past three decades, on average, they have been posi...

Appendix 3. The Importance of Monitoring Both Gross and Net Debt

Appendix 3. The Importance of Monitoring Both Gross and Net Debt »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, September 2011 : Addressing Fiscal Challenges to Reduce Economic Risks

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2011

ISBN: 9781616352103

Keywords: debt, public debt, interest, deficits

In view of sizable variation in the level of sovereign assets across countries and over time, it is important to consider both gross and net debt when conducting analysis of fiscal policy and its sustainabil...

Chapter 9. A Banking Union for the Euro Area

Chapter 9. A Banking Union for the Euro Area »

Source: The Mechanics of a Strong Euro Area : IMF Policy Analysis

Series: Books

Author(s): Petya Koeva Brooks , and Mahmood Pradhan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 October 2015

ISBN: 9781498305532

Keywords: Euro Area, Economic policy, debt, bank, banks, unemployment, lending

A banking union—a single supervisory and regulatory framework, resolution mechanism, and safety net—for the euro area is the logical conclusion of the idea that integrated banking systems require integrated...

Chapter 6. An Early Assessment of Quantitative Easing

Chapter 6. An Early Assessment of Quantitative Easing »

Source: The Mechanics of a Strong Euro Area : IMF Policy Analysis

Series: Books

Author(s): Petya Koeva Brooks , and Mahmood Pradhan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 October 2015

ISBN: 9781498305532

Keywords: Euro Area, Economic policy, debt, bank, banks, unemployment, lending

The European Central Bank (ECB) has taken a series of easing steps since mid-2014, including a negative deposit facility rate and targeted longer-term refinancing operations to support new lending. In Septem...

Chapter 11. Capital Market Development: Financing of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Euro Area

Chapter 11. Capital Market Development: Financing of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Euro Area »

Source: The Mechanics of a Strong Euro Area : IMF Policy Analysis

Series: Books

Author(s): Petya Koeva Brooks , and Mahmood Pradhan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 October 2015

ISBN: 9781498305532

Keywords: Euro Area, Economic policy, debt, bank, banks, unemployment, lending

The corporate sector in Europe is highly dependent on bank financing, which has constrained the recovery of credit supply in the wake of the crisis, particularly to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)....

Chapter 7. Fiscal Consolidation under the Stability and Growth Pact: Some Illustrative Simulations

Chapter 7. Fiscal Consolidation under the Stability and Growth Pact: Some Illustrative Simulations »

Source: The Mechanics of a Strong Euro Area : IMF Policy Analysis

Series: Books

Author(s): Petya Koeva Brooks , and Mahmood Pradhan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 October 2015

ISBN: 9781498305532

Keywords: Euro Area, Economic policy, debt, bank, banks, unemployment, lending

The Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) continues to be at the core of European Union (EU) fiscal governance (Figure 7.1). The SGP was put in place to avoid excessive deficits and debt levels. However, fiscal sl...

Chapter 8. Fiscal Governance in the Euro Area: Progress and Challenges

Chapter 8. Fiscal Governance in the Euro Area: Progress and Challenges »

Source: The Mechanics of a Strong Euro Area : IMF Policy Analysis

Series: Books

Author(s): Petya Koeva Brooks , and Mahmood Pradhan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 October 2015

ISBN: 9781498305532

Keywords: Euro Area, Economic policy, debt, bank, banks, unemployment, lending

The Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) is at the core of the European fiscal governance framework. The SGP’s origin dates back to the 1992 Maastricht Treaty, which launched the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU)...

Chapter 4. Fragmentation, the Monetary Transmission Mechanism, and Monetary Policy in the Euro Area

Chapter 4. Fragmentation, the Monetary Transmission Mechanism, and Monetary Policy in the Euro Area »

Source: The Mechanics of a Strong Euro Area : IMF Policy Analysis

Series: Books

Author(s): Petya Koeva Brooks , and Mahmood Pradhan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 October 2015

ISBN: 9781498305532

Keywords: Euro Area, Economic policy, debt, bank, banks, unemployment, lending

The European Central Bank (ECB) has taken a range of actions to address bank funding problems, eliminate excessive risk in sovereign markets, and safeguard monetary transmission. As a result, the situation a...