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Chapter 3. After the Boom: Commodity Prices and Economic Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean

Chapter 3. After the Boom: Commodity Prices and Economic Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Source: Latin America : New Challenges to Growth and Stability

Series: Books

Author(s): Dora Iakova , Luis Cubeddu , Gustavo Adler , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498328166

Keywords: debt, commodity, fiscal policy, interest, growth

Following a decade of rapid, broad-based gains, international commodity prices peaked in mid-2011 and have fallen somewhat since then (Figure 3.1). Many analysts now argue that the upward phase of the commod...

Chapter 4. Commodity Price Cycles: The Perils of Mismanaging the Boom

Chapter 4. Commodity Price Cycles: The Perils of Mismanaging the Boom »

Source: Latin America : New Challenges to Growth and Stability

Series: Books

Author(s): Dora Iakova , Luis Cubeddu , Gustavo Adler , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498328166

Keywords: debt, commodity, fiscal policy, interest, growth

Commodity-exporting countries have benefited significantly from the commodity price boom of recent years. At the current juncture, however, uncertain global economic prospects raise questions about these cou...

CHAPTER 5: Conclusions

CHAPTER 5: Conclusions »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

Various types of shocks cause fiscal outcomes to deviate from budgets and expectations—often by large amounts. Evidence presented in this paper has shown that macroeconomic shocks and calls on contingent lia...

Chapter 6. External Conditions and Debt Sustainability in Latin America

Chapter 6. External Conditions and Debt Sustainability in Latin America »

Source: Latin America : New Challenges to Growth and Stability

Series: Books

Author(s): Dora Iakova , Luis Cubeddu , Gustavo Adler , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498328166

Keywords: debt, commodity, fiscal policy, interest, growth

Over the past decade, and particularly during 2003–08, Latin America experienced an impressive strengthening of key macroeconomic fundamentals that ended with the global financial c...

CHAPTER 3: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: International Experience

CHAPTER 3: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: International Experience »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

This section analyzes the international experience with respect to fiscal risk disclosure and management. In the area of disclosure, the section reviews international standards and transparency...

CHAPTER 4: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: Lessons

CHAPTER 4: Fiscal Risk Disclosure and Management: Lessons »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

This section draws some broad lessons from the international experience, recognizing that approaches differ on some issues. It then presents a more detailed set of Guidelines for Fiscal Risk Dis...

Chapter 9. Global Financial Shocks and Gross Capital Flows in Latin America

Chapter 9. Global Financial Shocks and Gross Capital Flows in Latin America »

Source: Latin America : New Challenges to Growth and Stability

Series: Books

Author(s): Dora Iakova , Luis Cubeddu , Gustavo Adler , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498328166

Keywords: debt, commodity, fiscal policy, interest, growth

Global financial markets have been a source of sizable shocks over the past decade, with broad repercussions across emerging markets. Stark examples are the crisis triggered by the...

Chapter 7. Has Fiscal Policy Become Less Procyclical in Latin America?

Chapter 7. Has Fiscal Policy Become Less Procyclical in Latin America? »

Source: Latin America : New Challenges to Growth and Stability

Series: Books

Author(s): Dora Iakova , Luis Cubeddu , Gustavo Adler , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498328166

Keywords: debt, commodity, fiscal policy, interest, growth

Fiscal policy in Latin America has been procyclical for many decades. The easy availability of funds during periods of economic expansion, against a backdrop of major social and inf...

Chapter 11. Housing Markets in Latin America: Do We Need to Worry About a Bubble?

Chapter 11. Housing Markets in Latin America: Do We Need to Worry About a Bubble? »

Source: Latin America : New Challenges to Growth and Stability

Series: Books

Author(s): Dora Iakova , Luis Cubeddu , Gustavo Adler , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498328166

Keywords: debt, commodity, fiscal policy, interest, growth

Easy financing conditions and favorable terms of trade have fueled credit and domestic demand in much of Latin America for more than a decade, with only a short interruption during...

CHAPTER 1: Introduction

CHAPTER 1: Introduction »

Source: Fiscal Risks : Sources, Disclosure, and Management

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lusine Lusinyan , Aliona Cebotari , Ricardo Velloso , Jeffrey Davis , Amine Mati , Murray Petrie , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

ISBN: 9781589067905

Keywords: Budgets, Debt sustainability, Government expenditures, Fiscal sustainability, Public debt, Risk management, fiscal risks, contingent liabilities, fiscal risk, fiscal transparency

Fiscal outturns often differ substantially from budget or other fiscal projections, owing to shocks such as deviations of economic growth from expectations, terms of trade shocks, natural disast...