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Are Donor Countries Giving More or Less Aid?

Are Donor Countries Giving More or Less Aid? »

Source: Are Donor Countries Giving More or Less Aid?

Volume/Issue: 2006/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Catherine Pattillo , and Smita Wagh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

ISBN: 9781451862614

Keywords: Donor Countries, Technical Cooperation, debt, aid flows, International Economic Order,

The volume of foreign aid has increased during the last four decades, albeit with interruptions in certain years. Over time, the major recipients have changed: while the share of aid to Asia has diminished since th...

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability »

Source: Assessing Fiscal Sustainability : A Cross-Country Comparison

Volume/Issue: 2003/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enzo Croce , and V. Juan-Ramon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451856569

Keywords: convergence, fiscal rule, public debt, debt ratio, fiscal stance, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt,

To monitor fiscal sustainability, this paper proposes a recursive algorithm derived from the law of motion of the debt-to-GDP ratio, subject to a government reaction function that links convergence to the targeted...

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice1

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice1 »

Source: Assessing Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice

Volume/Issue: 2000/81

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nigel Chalk , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2000

ISBN: 9781451850352

Keywords: Government deficits and debt, present value budget constraint, sustainability indicators, fiscal sustainability, debt ratio, budget constraint, primary deficit

The main purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of approaches to assessing fiscal sustainability. It summarizes the general analytical background, focusing on the present value budget constraint, which is...

Balance Sheets, Exchange Rate Policy, and Welfare

Balance Sheets, Exchange Rate Policy, and Welfare »

Source: Balance Sheets, Exchange Rate Policy, and Welfare

Volume/Issue: 2004/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Selim Elekdag , and Ivan Tchakarov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

ISBN: 9781451848458

Keywords: financial accelerator, debt-to-GDP threshold, second-order approximation, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange rate regime, flexible exchange rate, fixed exchange rate, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The debate about the appropriate choice of exchange rate regime is fundamental in international economics. This paper develops a small open-economy model with balance sheet effects and compares the performance of f...

Bank Debt in Europe

Bank Debt in Europe »

Source: Bank Debt in Europe : 'Are Funding Models Broken'

Volume/Issue: 2012/299

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vanessa Le Lesle

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2012

ISBN: 9781475522037

Keywords: bank debt, funding, Basel, bail-in, bank funding, banking, subordinated debt, liability management, bail-in., Government Policy and Regulation

The crisis in Europe has underscored the vulnerability of European bank funding models compared to international peers. This paper studies the drivers behind this fragility and examines the future of bank funding,...

Bank Resolution Costs, Depositor Preference, and Asset Encumbrance

Bank Resolution Costs, Depositor Preference, and Asset Encumbrance »

Source: Bank Resolution Costs, Depositor Preference, and Asset Encumbrance

Volume/Issue: 2013/172

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hardy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 July 2013

ISBN: 9781484354100

Keywords: Bankruptcy costs, depositor preference, asset encumbrance, banking, segmentation, bank funding, debt restructuring, Government Policy and Regulation,

Depositor preference and collateralization of borrowing may reduce the cost of settling the conflicts among creditors that arises in case of resolution or bankruptcy. This net benefit, which may be capitalized into...

Catalyzing Capital Flows

Catalyzing Capital Flows »

Source: Catalyzing Capital Flows : Do IMF-Supported Programs Work As Commitment Devices?

Volume/Issue: 2003/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Diego Saravia , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2003

ISBN: 9781451852424

Keywords: signaling, bond, bond issuance, bonds, capital flows, international capital, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Lending and Debt Problems,

An objective of IMF-supported programs is to help countries improve their access to international capital markets. In this paper, we examine the issue whether IMF-supported programs influence the ability of develop...

Characterizing the Expenditure Uncertainties of Industrial Countries in the 21st Century1

Characterizing the Expenditure Uncertainties of Industrial Countries in the 21st Century1 »

Source: Characterizing the Expenditure Uncertainties of Industrial Countries in the 21st Century

Volume/Issue: 2005/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller , and David Hauner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

ISBN: 9781451861105

Keywords: fiscal frameworks, expenditure, expenditures, government expenditure, fiscal policy, expenditure categories, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt,

A number of uncertainties about long-term expenditure commitments in industrial countries are examined: (i) the assumptions underlying the projections, (ii) the potential to further reduce non-age-related expenditu...

The Chicago Plan Revisited

The Chicago Plan Revisited »

Source: The Chicago Plan Revisited

Volume/Issue: 2012/202

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Kumhof , and Jaromir Benes

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475505528

Keywords: Chicago Plan, Chicago School of Economics, 100% reserve banking, bank lending, lending risk, private money creation, bank capital adequacy, private debt, boom-bust cycles, debt

At the height of the Great Depression a number of leading U.S. economists advanced a proposal for monetary reform that became known as the Chicago Plan. It envisaged the separation of the monetary and credit functi...

The Coordination of Domestic Public Debt and Monetary Management in Economies in Transition

The Coordination of Domestic Public Debt and Monetary Management in Economies in Transition »

Source: The Coordination of Domestic Public Debt and Monetary Management in Economies in Transition : Issues and Lessons From Experience

Volume/Issue: 1994/148

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1994

ISBN: 9781451856774

Keywords: central bank, debt management, government securities, monetary management, central banks

In economies in transition, the development of financial markets is a common objective linking the monetary and fiscal authorities, while monetary and public debt management cannot be strictly separated. This calls...