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Access to Market Financing for IDA-eligible Countries-the Role of External Debt and IMF-Supported Programs

Access to Market Financing for IDA-eligible Countries-the Role of External Debt and IMF-Supported Programs »

Source: Access to Market Financing for IDA-eligible Countries-the Role of External Debt and IMF-Supported Programs

Volume/Issue: 2009/217

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

ISBN: 9781451873641

Keywords: decision point, enhanced HIPC Initiative, IMF-supported program, debt ratio, debt service, debt ratios, concessional debt,

Exclusion restrictions used to identify demand and supply relationships for market financing among IDA recipients (past and present) show that poor credit ratings and high political instability adversely impact the...

Are Emerging Asia's Reserves Really Too High?

Are Emerging Asia's Reserves Really Too High? »

Source: Are Emerging Asia's Reserves Really Too High?

Volume/Issue: 2008/192

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marta Ruiz-Arranz , and Milan Zavadjil

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2008

ISBN: 9781451870503

Keywords: external liabilities, short-term debt, reserve accumulation

Empirical analysis does not suggest that reserves are "too high" in the majority of Asian countries, though China may be a special case. Much of the reserve increase in Asia can be explained by an optimal insurance...

Are Sovereign Debt Secondary Market Returns Sensitive to Macroecoriomic Fundamentals?  Evidence from the Contemporary and Interwar Markets

Are Sovereign Debt Secondary Market Returns Sensitive to Macroecoriomic Fundamentals? Evidence from the Contemporary and Interwar Markets »

Source: Are Sovereign Debt Secondary Market Returns Sensitive to Macroecoriomic Fundamentals? Evidence from the Contemporary and Interwar Markets

Volume/Issue: 1990/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1990

ISBN: 9781451960624

Keywords: sovereign debt, bond, bonds, debt market, sovereign bond

The insensitivity of sovereign loan secondary market returns to macroeconomic fundamentals has been attributed to market illiquidity and the absence of publicly reported transactional prices. During the 1920s and 1...

Assessing China’s Corporate Sector Vulnerabilities

Assessing China’s Corporate Sector Vulnerabilities »

Source: Assessing China's Corporate Sector Vulnerabilities

Volume/Issue: 2015/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mali Chivakul , and Waikei Lam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2015

ISBN: 9781484308783

Keywords: leverage, state-owned enterprise (SOE), real estate, interest rate shock, debt, interest, interest rate, profit, indebtedness, General,

This paper documents and assesses the risk stemming from rising corporate indebtedness in China using a firm-level dataset of listed firms. It finds that while leverage on average is not high, there is a fat tail...

Assessing Fiscal Risks in Bangladesh

Assessing Fiscal Risks in Bangladesh »

Source: Assessing Fiscal Risks in Bangladesh

Volume/Issue: 2015/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leandro Medina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 May 2015

ISBN: 9781513551081

Keywords: exchange rate, fiscal risks, guarantees, debt, exchange, liabilities, Forecasts of Budgets, Deficits, and Debt, guarantees.,

This paper identifies, quantifies, and assesses fiscal risks in Bangladesh. By performing sensitivity analysis and using stochastic simulations, it measures risks arising from shocks to GDP growth, the exchange rat...

Assessing Fiscal Stress

Assessing Fiscal Stress »

Source: Assessing Fiscal Stress

Volume/Issue: 2011/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriela Dobrescu , Iva Petrova , Nazim Belhocine , and Emanuele Baldacci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

ISBN: 9781455254316

Keywords: fiscal stress, fiscal vulnerability, public debt crises, sovereign default, public debt, fiscal indicators, fiscal crisis, fiscal variables, National Deficit Surplus, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes

This paper develops a new index which provides early warning signals of fiscal sustainability problems for advanced and emerging economies. Unlike previous studies, the index assesses the determinants of fiscal str...

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability »

Source: Assessing Fiscal Sustainability : A Cross-Country Comparison

Volume/Issue: 2003/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enzo Croce , and V. Juan-Ramon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451856569

Keywords: convergence, fiscal rule, public debt, debt ratio, fiscal stance, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt,

To monitor fiscal sustainability, this paper proposes a recursive algorithm derived from the law of motion of the debt-to-GDP ratio, subject to a government reaction function that links convergence to the targeted...

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice1

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice1 »

Source: Assessing Fiscal Sustainability in Theory and Practice

Volume/Issue: 2000/81

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nigel Chalk , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2000

ISBN: 9781451850352

Keywords: Government deficits and debt, present value budget constraint, sustainability indicators, fiscal sustainability, debt ratio, budget constraint, primary deficit

The main purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of approaches to assessing fiscal sustainability. It summarizes the general analytical background, focusing on the present value budget constraint, which is...

Australia's Fiscal Framework: Revisiting Options for a Fiscal Anchor

Australia's Fiscal Framework: Revisiting Options for a Fiscal Anchor »

Source: Australia's Fiscal Framework: Revisiting Options for a Fiscal Anchor

Volume/Issue: 2017/286

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Allan Dizioli , Philippe Karam , Dirk Muir , and Siegfried Steinlein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 December 2017

ISBN: 9781484335383

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Australia, Fiscal policy; fiscal rules; general equilibrium models; taxation; debt, Fiscal policy, fiscal rules, general equilibrium models, taxation, debt, Forecasting and Simulation, General

This paper revisits options for fiscal anchors in Australia against the backdrop of a medium-term budget balance anchor that has led to larger than expected upward drift in the net debt to GDP ratio since the end o...

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government »

Source: Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government : Correcting a Common Misunderstanding

Volume/Issue: 2010/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli , and Annalisa Fedelino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201389

Keywords: cyclical adjustment, expenditure, fiscal balances, budget balance, public spending, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, National Deficit Surplus, National Budget

The size of government is a commonly used variable in many analytical studies on the effects of fiscal policy. An accepted practice is to measure it as the ratio of government spending to GDP. However, this is not...