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The Cyclical and Long-Term Behavior of Government Expenditures in Developing Countries

The Cyclical and Long-Term Behavior of Government Expenditures in Developing Countries »

Source: The Cyclical and Long-Term Behavior of Government Expenditures in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2004/202

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriela Inchauste , Bernardin Akitoby , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2004

ISBN: 9781451874433

Keywords: Wagner&;amp;#x2019;s law, government spending, public spending, public finance, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

We examine the short- and long-term movements of government spending relative to output in 51 countries. We find that in the short term, the main components of government spending increase with output in about half...

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia

The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: The Cyclicality of Fiscal Policy in the Middle East and Central Asia : Is the Current Crisis Different?

Volume/Issue: 2010/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982121

Keywords: government spending, public debt, fiscal policy response, General Outlook and Conditions, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

The countries of the Middle East and North Africa, and the Caucasus and Central Asia have the highest output volatility in the world. Fiscal policy is a powerful tool that can help dampen the business cycles. This...

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities »

Source: The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

Volume/Issue: 2016/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elva Bova , Marta Ruiz-Arranz , Frederik Toscani , and H. Elif Ture

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

ISBN: 9781498303606

Keywords: Fiscal Crisis, General, All Countries,, Budget deficits, Public debt, Contingent liabilities

We construct the first comprehensive dataset of contingent liability realizations in advanced and emerging markets for the period 1990–2014. We find that contingent liability realizations are a major source of fisc...

Fiscal Policy in Oil Producing Countries During the Recent Oil Price Cycle

Fiscal Policy in Oil Producing Countries During the Recent Oil Price Cycle »

Source: Fiscal Policy in Oil Producing Countries During the Recent Oil Price Cycle

Volume/Issue: 2010/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

ISBN: 9781451962536

Keywords: fiscal impulses, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General, National Deficit Surplus,

This paper presents a detailed analysis of the average fiscal policy responses of oil producing countries (OPCs) to the recent oil price cycle. We find that OPCs worsened their non-oil primary balances substantiall...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2006 Article IV Consultation with the Islamic Republic of Iran

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2006 Article IV Consultation with the Islamic Republic of Iran »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Staff Report for the 2006 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2007/100

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2007

ISBN: 9781451819038

Keywords: revenues, budget, central bank, debt, cash basis

This 2006 Article IV Consultation highlights that with high oil prices and a significant policy stimulus, the Iranian economy continued to grow strongly in 2005-06. Real GDP growth is estimated at 51/2 percent. Oil...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2008 Article IV Consultation with the Islamic Republic of Iran

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2008 Article IV Consultation with the Islamic Republic of Iran »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : 2008 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Islamic Republic of Iran

Volume/Issue: 2008/284

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 August 2008

ISBN: 9781451819052

Keywords: budget, revenues, debt, central bank, deficit

The Islamic Republic of Iran's 2008 Article IV Consultation underlies that the economy is showing signs of overheating owing to high oil prices and a significant policy stimulus. IMF policy advice has focused on me...

Islamic Republic of Iran
			: 2008 Article IV Consultation:  Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Islamic Republic of Iran

Islamic Republic of Iran : 2008 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Islamic Republic of Iran »

Volume/Issue: 2008/284

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 August 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451819052.002

ISBN: 9781451819052

Keywords: budget, revenues, debt, central bank, deficit

The Islamic Republic of Iran's 2008 Article IV Consultation underlies that the economy is showing signs of overheating owing to high oil prices and a significant policy stimulus. IMF policy advice has focused on me...

Islamic Republic of Iran
			: Staff Report for the 2006 Article IV Consultation

Islamic Republic of Iran : Staff Report for the 2006 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2007/100

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451819038.002

ISBN: 9781451819038

Keywords: revenues, budget, central bank, debt, cash basis

This 2006 Article IV Consultation highlights that with high oil prices and a significant policy stimulus, the Iranian economy continued to grow strongly in 2005-06. Real GDP growth is estimated at 51/2 percent. Oil...

Fiscal Policy in Oil Producing Countries During the Recent Oil Price Cycle

Fiscal Policy in Oil Producing Countries During the Recent Oil Price Cycle »

Volume/Issue: 2010/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451962536.001

ISBN: 9781451962536

Keywords: fiscal impulses, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General, National Deficit Surplus,

This paper presents a detailed analysis of the average fiscal policy responses of oil producing countries (OPCs) to the recent oil price cycle. We find that OPCs worsened their non-oil primary balances substantiall...

The Cyclical and Long-Term Behavior of Government Expenditures in Developing Countries

The Cyclical and Long-Term Behavior of Government Expenditures in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2004/202

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriela Inchauste , Bernardin Akitoby , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874433.001

ISBN: 9781451874433

Keywords: Wagner&;amp;#x2019;s law, government spending, public spending, public finance, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General,

We examine the short- and long-term movements of government spending relative to output in 51 countries. We find that in the short term, the main components of government spending increase with output in about half...