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Are Africa’s Currency Unions Good for Trade?

Are Africa’s Currency Unions Good for Trade? »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 56, No. 4

Volume: 56

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 2009

ISBN: 9781589069107

Keywords: sovereign default, sovereign debt, external debt, sovereign defaults, current account

This paper empirically evaluates four types of costs that may result from an international sovereign default: reputational costs, international trade exclusion costs, costs to the domestic economy through the finan...

Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures

Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures »

Source: Capital Inflows and Balance of Payments Pressures : Tailoring Policy Responses in Emerging Market Economies

Volume/Issue: 2008/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Bikas Joshi , Manuela Goretti , Uma Ramakrishnan , Alun Thomas , Atish Ghosh , and Juan Zalduendo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451945997

Keywords: Economic policy, Balance of payments, Capital inflows, Capital flows, Developing countries, Policy Discussion Paper, policy responses, current account, exchange rate,

Although capital inflows are generally beneficial to recipient countries, they also pose a challenge for the conduct of economic policy. This paper proposes a conceptual taxonomy to guide the design of policy respo...

The Costs of Sovereign Default

The Costs of Sovereign Default »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 56, No. 4

Volume: 56

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 2009

ISBN: 9781589069107

Keywords: sovereign default, sovereign debt, external debt, sovereign defaults, current account

This paper empirically evaluates four types of costs that may result from an international sovereign default: reputational costs, international trade exclusion costs, costs to the domestic economy through the finan...

Crisis and Recovery

Crisis and Recovery »

Source: Crisis and Recovery : Role of the Exchange Rate Regime in Emerging Market Countries

Volume/Issue: 2010/242

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2010

ISBN: 9781455209422

Keywords: Global financial crisis, fixed exchange rate, growth, emerging market economies, exchange rate regime, exchange rate, current account balance, terms of trade

This paper examines the role of the exchange rate regime in explaining how emerging market economies fared in the recent global financial crisis, particularly in terms of output losses and growth resilience. After...

Do Capital Flows Reflect Economic Fundamentals in Developing Countries?

Do Capital Flows Reflect Economic Fundamentals in Developing Countries? »

Source: Do Capital Flows Reflect Economic Fundamentals in Developing Countries?

Volume/Issue: 1993/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , and Jonathan Ostry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1993

ISBN: 9781451978827

Keywords: current account, current account deficit, current account balances, current account surplus, debt crisis

This paper proposes a methodology for testing whether capital flows to developing countries are determined by economic fundamentals or by purely speculative forces. We use the intertemporal optimizing approach to c...

Dynamic Aspects of Productivity Spillovers, Terms of Trade and The “Home Market Effect”

Dynamic Aspects of Productivity Spillovers, Terms of Trade and The “Home Market Effect” »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 56, No. 4

Volume: 56

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 2009

ISBN: 9781589069107

Keywords: sovereign default, sovereign debt, external debt, sovereign defaults, current account

This paper empirically evaluates four types of costs that may result from an international sovereign default: reputational costs, international trade exclusion costs, costs to the domestic economy through the finan...

El Salvador

El Salvador »

Source: El Salvador : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1996/39

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 June 1996

ISBN: 9781451834697

Keywords: reserve bank, current account balance, external financing, current account, domestic financing

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

El Salvador

El Salvador »

Source: El Salvador : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1994/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1994

ISBN: 9781451834680

Keywords: reserve bank, current account balance, external financing, current account, fixed capital formation

This paper describes economic developments in El Salvador during the 1990s. Since 1990, the government has implemented a major economic reform program, including through a greater reliance on market forces. Althoug...

El Salvador

El Salvador »

Source: El Salvador : Statistical Annex

Volume/Issue: 1999/145

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451834710

Keywords: reserve bank, external financing, current account balance, current account, domestic financing

The paper presents statistical data on national income accounts, components of aggregate demand, financing of investment, gross domestic product by sector, electricity indicators, consumer price indices, daily wage...

El Salvador: Recent Economic Developments

El Salvador: Recent Economic Developments »

Source: El Salvador : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1998/32

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 1998

ISBN: 9781451834703

Keywords: exchange rate, fixed exchange rate, effective exchange rate, domestic investment, current account deficit

This paper analyzes economic developments in El Salvador during 1990-97. The paper assesses the prospects of the Salvadoran economy in facing the new challenges coming from its reinsertion into the global economy....