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Appendix

Appendix »

Source: The Behavior of Non-Oil Commodity Prices

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , Peter Wickham , Mohsin Khan , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

ISBN: 9781557754127

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, commodity exports, non-oil commodity, export taxes

Table A1. Country Groupings for Charts 2 and 3...

The Behavior of Non-Oil Commodity Prices

The Behavior of Non-Oil Commodity Prices »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , Peter Wickham , Mohsin Khan , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754127.084

ISBN: 9781557754127

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, commodity exports, non-oil commodity, export taxes

This paper analyzes global commodity trends and concludes that the marked decline in real commodity prices of the past decade should be regarded as largely permanent and irreversible. The authors contend that the a...

Commodity Markets and the International Transmission of Fiscal Shocks

Commodity Markets and the International Transmission of Fiscal Shocks »

Source: Commodity Markets and the International Transmission of Fiscal Shocks

Volume/Issue: 1988/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 1988

ISBN: 9781451947724

Keywords: exchange rate, terms of trade, real exchange rate, commodity exporters, commodity prices

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

I Economic Prospects and Policies

I Economic Prospects and Policies »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 1994

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 1994

ISBN: 9781557753854

Keywords: capital inflows, inflation, commodity prices, monetary policy, capital flows

The recovery of world activity and trade became more firmly established during the first half of 1994. Continental western Europe and Japan have now begun to emerge from some of the deepest recessions in hal...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Behavior of Non-Oil Commodity Prices

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , Peter Wickham , Mohsin Khan , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

ISBN: 9781557754127

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, commodity exports, non-oil commodity, export taxes

The need to understand the factors that influence the behavior of commodity prices has taken on a special urgency in recent years, as nonoil real commodity prices have been declining almost continuously sinc...

II Characteristics of Commodity Price Behavior

II Characteristics of Commodity Price Behavior »

Source: The Behavior of Non-Oil Commodity Prices

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , Peter Wickham , Mohsin Khan , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

ISBN: 9781557754127

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, commodity exports, non-oil commodity, export taxes

The principal aim of this section is to assess the nature of commodity price shocks and to determine to what extent the recent weakness in commodity prices is associated with reversible cyclical forces, or i...

II The World Economy in 1994–95

II The World Economy in 1994–95 »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 1994

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 1994

ISBN: 9781557753854

Keywords: capital inflows, inflation, commodity prices, monetary policy, capital flows

With expansions in North America now well under way, and with clearer signs of recovery across Europe and in Japan, global output is projected to expand by 3 percent this year and by 3½ percent in 1995, clos...

III Determinants of Commodity Price Movements

III Determinants of Commodity Price Movements »

Source: The Behavior of Non-Oil Commodity Prices

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , Peter Wickham , Mohsin Khan , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

ISBN: 9781557754127

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, commodity exports, non-oil commodity, export taxes

Assessing the evolution of commodity prices by applying time-series methods has shed some light on the persistence and increased volatility of shocks in commodity markets. This section complements those find...

III Using the Recovery Wisely in the Industrial Countries

III Using the Recovery Wisely in the Industrial Countries »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 1994

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 1994

ISBN: 9781557753854

Keywords: capital inflows, inflation, commodity prices, monetary policy, capital flows

Expansions have been under way for some time in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia, and there are firm signs of improving economic growth in most other industrial countries. Inflati...

Commodity Markets and the International Transmission of Fiscal Shocks

Commodity Markets and the International Transmission of Fiscal Shocks »

Volume/Issue: 1988/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451947724.001

ISBN: 9781451947724

Keywords: exchange rate, terms of trade, real exchange rate, commodity exporters, commodity prices

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...