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Appendix I. Advantages of Borrowing from the Central Bank

Appendix I. Advantages of Borrowing from the Central Bank »

Source: Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government : Theory and Practice

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

ISBN: 9781557753588

Keywords: central bank, current account, monetary policy, inflation, central banks

This appendix addresses two issues. First, under what conditions borrowing from the central bank is more convenient for the government than borrowing from the market. Second, under...

Appendix II Relevance of Institutional Constraints

Appendix II Relevance of Institutional Constraints »

Source: Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government : Theory and Practice

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

ISBN: 9781557753588

Keywords: central bank, current account, monetary policy, inflation, central banks

The issue of whether institutional constraints, including those on central bank credit, can be effective in preserving central bank independence has always been highly controversial...

Appendix III Central Bank Credit to the Government in 57 Countries

Appendix III Central Bank Credit to the Government in 57 Countries »

Source: Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government : Theory and Practice

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

ISBN: 9781557753588

Keywords: central bank, current account, monetary policy, inflation, central banks

This appendix presents some factual information on how formal constraints on central bank credit to the government are regulated in a sample of 57 countries. The sample includes all...

Euro Area Policies: Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultations with Member Countries

Euro Area Policies: Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultations with Member Countries »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultations with Member Countries

Volume/Issue: 2015/204

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513505121

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Economic recovery, Demand, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Banking sector, Bank supervision, European Central Bank, Economic indicators, Statistics

Context. The recovery is strengthening, underpinned by lower oil prices and the ECB'sexpanded asset purchase program. But the medium-term outlook remains weak, weighed down by the legacies of insuffici...

Exchange Rate Appreciation As a Signal of a New Policy Stance

Exchange Rate Appreciation As a Signal of a New Policy Stance »

Source: Exchange Rate Appreciation As a Signal of a New Policy Stance

Volume/Issue: 1991/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1991

ISBN: 9781451845068

Keywords: exchange rate, central bank, inflation, real exchange rate, exchange rate commitment

It is shown in a game theoretic framework that it may pay off to signal a “conservative” policy stance--giving a high priority to price stability--by appreciating the exchange rate. Such an appreciati...

I. Introduction

I. Introduction »

Source: Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government : Theory and Practice

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

ISBN: 9781557753588

Keywords: central bank, current account, monetary policy, inflation, central banks

It is in this city of Khan-balik that the Great Khan has his mint; and it is so organized that you might well say that he has mastered the art of alchemy… [H]e has money made for him… out of the...

II. Inflation, Central Bank Independence, and Government Financing

II. Inflation, Central Bank Independence, and Government Financing »

Source: Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government : Theory and Practice

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

ISBN: 9781557753588

Keywords: central bank, current account, monetary policy, inflation, central banks

Central bank independence of political power is usually advocated as a remedy against the alleged inflationary bias of governments. 4 This bias is explained by two arguments (Cuki...

III. An Ideal Model

III. An Ideal Model »

Source: Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government : Theory and Practice

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

ISBN: 9781557753588

Keywords: central bank, current account, monetary policy, inflation, central banks

A good starting point for discussing the ideal constraints on central bank credit to the government is the “Maastricht model”—which the governments of the EC have proposed to regulate the relations between t...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2015 Article IV Consultation on Euro Area Policies

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2015 Article IV Consultation on Euro Area Policies »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultations with Member Countries

Volume/Issue: 2015/204

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513505121

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Economic recovery, Demand, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Banking sector, Bank supervision, European Central Bank, Economic indicators, Statistics

Context. The recovery is strengthening, underpinned by lower oil prices and the ECB'sexpanded asset purchase program. But the medium-term outlook remains weak, weighed down by the legacies of insuffici...

Euro Area Policies
			: Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultations with Member Countries

Euro Area Policies : Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultations with Member Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/204

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513505121.002

ISBN: 9781513505121

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Economic recovery, Demand, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Banking sector, Bank supervision, European Central Bank, Economic indicators, Statistics

Context. The recovery is strengthening, underpinned by lower oil prices and the ECB'sexpanded asset purchase program. But the medium-term outlook remains weak, weighed down by the legacies of insuffici...