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Appendix I. Channels of Transmission of Monetary Policy1

Appendix I. Channels of Transmission of Monetary Policy1 »

Source: Monetary Policy Implementation at Different Stages of Market Development

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Bernard Laurens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2005

ISBN: 9781589064386

Keywords: Money markets, money market, monetary policy, central bank, reserve requirements, money market operations

One key to conducting monetary policy effectively is an efficient transmission mechanism through which monetary policy actions affect aggregate demand in an economy and ultimately i...

Appendix II. Eligible Assets: European Central Bank and Banque de France1

Appendix II. Eligible Assets: European Central Bank and Banque de France1 »

Source: Monetary Policy Implementation at Different Stages of Market Development

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Bernard Laurens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2005

ISBN: 9781589064386

Keywords: Money markets, money market, monetary policy, central bank, reserve requirements, money market operations

The European Central Bank’s System of Eligible Assets The Statute of the European System of Central Banks requires that all Eurosystem credit operations be based on adequate collater...

Appendix III. Enhancing Liquidity Management and Forecasting

Appendix III. Enhancing Liquidity Management and Forecasting »

Source: Monetary Policy Implementation at Different Stages of Market Development

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Bernard Laurens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2005

ISBN: 9781589064386

Keywords: Money markets, money market, monetary policy, central bank, reserve requirements, money market operations

The central bank needs to develop a framework to monitor and forecast short-term liquidity developments in the system on a continuous basis, so that its discretionary operations are...

Appendix IV. Cross-Country Experiences with a Liquidity Surplus

Appendix IV. Cross-Country Experiences with a Liquidity Surplus »

Source: Monetary Policy Implementation at Different Stages of Market Development

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Bernard Laurens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2005

ISBN: 9781589064386

Keywords: Money markets, money market, monetary policy, central bank, reserve requirements, money market operations

In Mexico, the central bank has been using mandatory remunerated deposits to attain a creditor position in the money market. In 1997, Banco de México’s stance in the money market we...

Appendix V. Selected Country Experiences with Interbank Market Development

Appendix V. Selected Country Experiences with Interbank Market Development »

Source: Monetary Policy Implementation at Different Stages of Market Development

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Bernard Laurens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2005

ISBN: 9781589064386

Keywords: Money markets, money market, monetary policy, central bank, reserve requirements, money market operations

The experiences of India, Italy, Korea, Thailand, and Turkey are analyzed regarding the involvement of the central bank in the process, participants in the interbank market, and the...

Food Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa

Food Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Food Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa : Causes and Policy Implications

Volume/Issue: 2016/247

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emre Alper , Niko Hobdari , and Ali Uppal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 December 2016

ISBN: 9781475563115

Keywords: South Africa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Rwanda, Senegal, Togo, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tanzania, Sudan, Swaziland

This paper analyzes food inflation trends in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) from 2000 to 2016 using two novel datasets of disaggregated CPI baskets. Average food inflation is higher, more volatile, and similarly persiste...

The Gambia

The Gambia »

Source: The Gambia : 2001 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Authorities of The Gambia

Volume/Issue: 2001/148

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451815412

Keywords: debt, central bank, budget, interest, deficit

The Gambia showed mixed economic performance. Executive Directors expressed concern about slippages in fiscal policy, which stemmed from the efforts to resolve the Alimenta property dispute and also from shortfalls...

The Gambia

The Gambia »

Source: The Gambia : 2002 Article IV Consultation, Request for a Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and Use of HIPC Interim Assistance-Staff Report; Staff Statement; Public Information Notice, News Brief, and Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion

Volume/Issue: 2004/42

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2004

ISBN: 9781451815429

Keywords: debt, central bank, budget, deficit, interest

The Gambia showed good economic performance under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) Arrangement. Executive Directors commended the reforms in the financial sector, the substantial reduction and ratio...

The Gambia

The Gambia »

Source: The Gambia : 2003 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Report on Noncomplying Disbursements and Recommendation for Corrective Action; Staff Statement; Public Information Notice and Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for The Gambia

Volume/Issue: 2004/143

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 May 2004

ISBN: 9781451815443

Keywords: central bank, debt, interest, budget, article, Gambia,

This 2003 Article IV Consultation highlights that economic performance of The Gambia deteriorated substantially in 2002-03. A collapse of the groundnut harvest in 2002 led to a contraction of real GDP by 3 percent...

The Gambia

The Gambia »

Source: The Gambia : Request for a Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility and for Additional Interim Assistance Under the Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries: Staff Report; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for The Gambia

Volume/Issue: 2007/116

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 2007

ISBN: 9781451967135

Keywords: debt, interest, budget, debt relief, central bank, Gambia, , The Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility,

This paper discusses the Request from Gambia for a Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) and for Additional Interim Assistance Under the Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indeb...