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Transition to Market
			: Studies in Fiscal Reform

Transition to Market : Studies in Fiscal Reform »

Series: Books

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754035.071

ISBN: 9781557754035

Keywords: Fiscal reforms, Markets, Transition economies, privatization, tax administration, tax system, taxation, tax reform, state budget, tax rates

IMF economists work closely with member countries on a variety of issues. Their unique perspective on country experiences and best practices on global macroeconomic issues are often shared in the form of books on d...

Chapter 3. Asia and Pacific

Chapter 3. Asia and Pacific »

Source: Fiscal Policies and Gender Equality

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2018

ISBN: 9781513590363

Keywords: Gender equality, gender equality; gender budgeting; fiscal policies; tax spending

Despite Asia’s progress over the past several decades in closing gender gaps in education, health, economic, and political outcomes, women and girls continue to encounter barriers relative to men. Gender gap...

Chapter 15. Budget Institutions in Low-Income Countries

Chapter 15. Budget Institutions in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Fiscal Politics

Series: Books

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475547900

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Budgets, Politics, Political Economy, Elections, Institutions, Parties

Introduction All countries need to ensure fiscal credibility and sustainability. This paper presents a framework of budget institutions needed to support countries’ fiscal efforts at...

Chapter 7. Caribbean and Pacific Islands

Chapter 7. Caribbean and Pacific Islands »

Source: Fiscal Policies and Gender Equality

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2018

ISBN: 9781513590363

Keywords: Gender equality, gender equality; gender budgeting; fiscal policies; tax spending

Gender inequality in the public and private spheres remains significant in the Caribbean and Pacific regions, despite efforts in several countries to experiment with integrating gender equality goals into na...

Chapter 6. Do Elections Affect the Wage Bill?

Chapter 6. Do Elections Affect the Wage Bill? »

Source: Fiscal Politics

Series: Books

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475547900

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Budgets, Politics, Political Economy, Elections, Institutions, Parties

Introduction The electoral cycle can affect fiscal policy when incumbents wish to influence political outcomes. The wage bill—which, at about 25 percent of government expenditure on...

Chapter 4. Economic and Political Determinants of Tax Policies in OECD Countries

Chapter 4. Economic and Political Determinants of Tax Policies in OECD Countries »

Source: Fiscal Politics

Series: Books

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475547900

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Budgets, Politics, Political Economy, Elections, Institutions, Parties

This chapter explores the economic and political causes of tax policy changes in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries over the period 1990–2015. The analysis considers rate...

Chapter 7. Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending: Theory and Evidence

Chapter 7. Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending: Theory and Evidence »

Source: Fiscal Politics

Series: Books

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475547900

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Budgets, Politics, Political Economy, Elections, Institutions, Parties

Introduction Many studies have stressed the fiscal cost and environmental impact of energy subsidies (see, for example, IEA 2011; IMF 2013a; Parry and others 2014; and World Bank 201...

Chapter 4. Europe

Chapter 4. Europe »

Source: Fiscal Policies and Gender Equality

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2018

ISBN: 9781513590363

Keywords: Gender equality, gender equality; gender budgeting; fiscal policies; tax spending

Gender budgeting has attracted considerable attention in Europe over the past few decades. A burgeoning momentum during the early 2000s saw a full range of stakeholders promote a broad swath of activities un...

Chapter 12. Expenditure Rules: Effective Tools for Sound Fiscal Policy?

Chapter 12. Expenditure Rules: Effective Tools for Sound Fiscal Policy? »

Source: Fiscal Politics

Series: Books

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475547900

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Budgets, Politics, Political Economy, Elections, Institutions, Parties

Introduction Discussions about the role of fiscal institutions in promoting sound public finances are increasingly at the forefront of the policy debate. This renewed focus on fiscal...

Chapter 11. Fiscal Discipline and Exchange Rates: Does Politics Matter?

Chapter 11. Fiscal Discipline and Exchange Rates: Does Politics Matter? »

Source: Fiscal Politics

Series: Books

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475547900

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Budgets, Politics, Political Economy, Elections, Institutions, Parties

Introduction The issue of what type of exchange rate regime is better for fiscal discipline has a long history in macroeconomics. Traditionally, the view that fixed exchange rate reg...