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Benefits of Green Public Procurement

Benefits of Green Public Procurement »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Bjørn Bauer , Ida Bode , and Tue Dyekjær-Hansen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9789289319645

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Green Public Procurement (GPP), Private Sector, Sustainable Products and Services, Nordic Public Procurement, Strengthening GPP, Economy and national budget

Green Public Procurement (GPP) can play a significant a role in efforts to influence the private sector towards more sustainable products and services. Following an account of the environmental impact of Nordic pub...

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government »

Source: Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government : Correcting a Common Misunderstanding

Volume/Issue: 2010/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli , and Annalisa Fedelino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201389

Keywords: cyclical adjustment, expenditure, fiscal balances, budget balance, public spending, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, National Deficit Surplus, National Budget

The size of government is a commonly used variable in many analytical studies on the effects of fiscal policy. An accepted practice is to measure it as the ratio of government spending to GDP. However, this is not...

Breaking the Impediments to Budgetary Reforms

Breaking the Impediments to Budgetary Reforms »

Source: Breaking the Impediments to Budgetary Reforms : Evidence from Europe

Volume/Issue: 2008/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869439

Keywords: Budget institutions, government fragmentation, government ideology, economic shocks, fiscal institutions, budget process, fiscal performance,

Under what conditions are budget institutions likely to be strengthened? We find that fiscal deficits do not help in focusing policymakers on undertaking reforms. To the contrary, the larger the deficit, the lower...

Chemicals and Development
			: Health and Economic Benefits of Sound Chemicals Management

Chemicals and Development : Health and Economic Benefits of Sound Chemicals Management »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9789289316668

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Explores the Social, Economic, Environmental and Health Benefits, Management of Chemicals, Sound Chemicals Management Systems, Economy and national budget

This report explores the social, economic, environmental and health benefits that can be achieved through sound management of chemicals. The report presents a series of case studies of initiatives to improve chemic...

Climate Policy: Costs and Design
			: A survey of some recent numerical studies

Climate Policy: Costs and Design : A survey of some recent numerical studies »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Mads Greaker , Christian Grorud , Michael Hoel , and Ingeborg Rasmussen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9789289318884

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Climate Change, Climate Policies, Numerical Analyses, Costs of Reducing Emissions, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Economy and national budget

There is a large and growing literature focusing on economic issues related to climate change and climate policies. This report presents a discussion of some of the recent studies. The focus is on various numerical...

Dedicated Road Funds

Dedicated Road Funds »

Source: Dedicated Road Funds : A Preliminary View on a World Bank Initiative

Volume/Issue: 1997/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Barry Potter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1997

ISBN: 9781451971378

Keywords: Budgetary policy, World Bank, Road Funds, Budget Management Policy, Budget Policy, road, road maintenance, budget, road fund

In the past, Road Funds have been criticized as inconsistent with effective expenditure control, as distorting the allocation of public sector resources, and as incompatible with efficient management of government...

Driving forces behind the environmental pressure in Nordic countries - comparative decomposition analyses
			: An assessment of alternative methodological approaches

Driving forces behind the environmental pressure in Nordic countries - comparative decomposition analyses : An assessment of alternative methodological approaches »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Annegrete Bruvoll Taran Fæhn

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9789289314428

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Council of Ministers (NCM), Nordic Emissions, Economy and national budget, Emissions from Firms, Economic Models, Emissions from Households

The Nordic Council of Ministers (NCM) considers initiating a project with the purpose to identify the driving forces behind the development of Nordic emissions to air. Two approaches are under consideration: a back...

The economic crisis and its consequences for the environment and environmental policy

The economic crisis and its consequences for the environment and environmental policy »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Elina Berghäll , and Adriaan Perrels

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9789289320863

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Economic Crisis, Environmental Policy, Greenhouse Gas Emission, Climate Mitigation, Green Transformation, Economy and national budget

A review study of the impacts of the economic crisis on the environment and environmental policy in Nordic countries indicates that the short run economic slowdown translates into a levelling or decline of various...

Economic Instruments in Chemicals Policy
			: Past Experiences and Prospects for Future Use

Economic Instruments in Chemicals Policy : Past Experiences and Prospects for Future Use »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Patrik Söderholm

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9789289319201

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Investigates the Potential, Economic Instruments, Chemcials Policy, Instruments in Controlling Pollution, Chemicals Production, Economy and national budget

This report investigates the potential for increased use of economic instruments, not the least taxes and charges, in chemcials policy. It provides a conceptual discussion of the role of different market-based inst...

The Environment and Public Procurement
			: Common Nordic Procurement Criteria?

The Environment and Public Procurement : Common Nordic Procurement Criteria? »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9789289314459

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Public Procurement, Environmental Considerations, Common Nordic Procurement Criteria, Economy and national budget, National Auspices, Nordic Environmental Labelling Scheme

In order to assist public procurement in facing up to environmental considerations, criteria have been developed in the Nordic countries over the last 15 years for a number of product groups both under national aus...