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Designing Sound Fiscal Relations Across Government Levels in Decentralized Countries

Designing Sound Fiscal Relations Across Government Levels in Decentralized Countries »

Source: Designing Sound Fiscal Relations Across Government Levels in Decentralized Countries

Volume/Issue: 2018/271

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robin Boadway , and Luc Eyraud

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 December 2018

ISBN: 9781484387788

Keywords: fiscal federalism, vertical gap, vertical imbalance, fiscal balance, Structure and Scope of Government, General State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue State and Local Budget and Expenditures State and Local Borrowing Intergovernmental Relations All Countries fiscal federalism vertical gap vertical imbalance fiscal balance, General State and Local Taxation, and Revenue State and Local Budget and Expenditures State and Local Borrowing Intergovernmental Relations All Countries fiscal federalism vertical gap vertical imbalance fiscal balance

This paper discusses how decentralized countries can achieve sound fiscal relations between the central government and lower government levels. The concepts of 'vertical gap' and 'vertical balance' provide an analy...

Designing Sound Fiscal Relations Across Government Levels in Decentralized Countries

Designing Sound Fiscal Relations Across Government Levels in Decentralized Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2018/271

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robin Boadway , and Luc Eyraud

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 December 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484387788.001

ISBN: 9781484387788

Keywords: fiscal federalism, vertical gap, vertical imbalance, fiscal balance, Structure and Scope of Government, General State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue State and Local Budget and Expenditures State and Local Borrowing Intergovernmental Relations All Countries fiscal federalism vertical gap vertical imbalance fiscal balance, General State and Local Taxation, and Revenue State and Local Budget and Expenditures State and Local Borrowing Intergovernmental Relations All Countries fiscal federalism vertical gap vertical imbalance fiscal balance

This paper discusses how decentralized countries can achieve sound fiscal relations between the central government and lower government levels. The concepts of 'vertical gap' and 'vertical balance' provide an analy...

Chapter 3. Asia and Pacific

Chapter 3. Asia and Pacific »

Source: Fiscal Policies and Gender Equality

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2018

ISBN: 9781513590363

Keywords: Gender equality, gender equality; gender budgeting; fiscal policies; tax spending

Despite Asia’s progress over the past several decades in closing gender gaps in education, health, economic, and political outcomes, women and girls continue to encounter barriers relative to men. Gender gap...

Chapter 7. Caribbean and Pacific Islands

Chapter 7. Caribbean and Pacific Islands »

Source: Fiscal Policies and Gender Equality

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2018

ISBN: 9781513590363

Keywords: Gender equality, gender equality; gender budgeting; fiscal policies; tax spending

Gender inequality in the public and private spheres remains significant in the Caribbean and Pacific regions, despite efforts in several countries to experiment with integrating gender equality goals into na...

Chapter 4. Europe

Chapter 4. Europe »

Source: Fiscal Policies and Gender Equality

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2018

ISBN: 9781513590363

Keywords: Gender equality, gender equality; gender budgeting; fiscal policies; tax spending

Gender budgeting has attracted considerable attention in Europe over the past few decades. A burgeoning momentum during the early 2000s saw a full range of stakeholders promote a broad swath of activities un...

Chapter 5. Gender Budgeting Efforts: Latin America and Canada

Chapter 5. Gender Budgeting Efforts: Latin America and Canada »

Source: Fiscal Policies and Gender Equality

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2018

ISBN: 9781513590363

Keywords: Gender equality, gender equality; gender budgeting; fiscal policies; tax spending

In Latin America, gender inequality in education, health, and employment opportunities, among other areas, is long-standing, not because of isolation, as in other regions, but due especially to poorly design...

Chapter 6. Middle East and Central Asia

Chapter 6. Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Fiscal Policies and Gender Equality

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2018

ISBN: 9781513590363

Keywords: Gender equality, gender equality; gender budgeting; fiscal policies; tax spending

Gender budgeting is struggling to take hold in the Middle East and Central Asia and, despite recent progress in improving conditions for women and girls, gender inequality remains entrenched in most of the r...

Chapter 1. Overview

Chapter 1. Overview »

Source: Fiscal Policies and Gender Equality

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2018

ISBN: 9781513590363

Keywords: Gender equality, gender equality; gender budgeting; fiscal policies; tax spending

Historically, women around the world have had less opportunity than men in education, employment, and health care, and less political representation. Many global gender gaps have narrowed in recent decades,...

Chapter 2. Sub-Saharan Africa

Chapter 2. Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Fiscal Policies and Gender Equality

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2018

ISBN: 9781513590363

Keywords: Gender equality, gender equality; gender budgeting; fiscal policies; tax spending

Gender budgeting has advanced considerably in sub-Saharan Africa since the 1990s. South Africa, for example, was one of the earliest adopters of gender budgeting, launching its Women’s Budget Initiative in 1...

Fiscal Policies and Gender Equality

Fiscal Policies and Gender Equality »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513590363.071

ISBN: 9781513590363

Keywords: Gender equality, gender equality; gender budgeting; fiscal policies; tax spending

Historically, women around the world have had fewer opportunities than men in education, employment, health care, and politics. The moral argument for gender equality is clear, and the economic evidence is mounting...