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Adjustment Under a Currency Peg

Adjustment Under a Currency Peg »

Source: Adjustment Under a Currency Peg : Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania During the Global Financial Crisis 2008-09

Volume/Issue: 2010/213

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Catriona Purfield , and Christoph Rosenberg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2010

ISBN: 9781455205448

Keywords: Internal devaluation, boom bust, competitiveness, wage adjustment, global financial crisis, wage, benefits, wages, fiscal balance,

The paper traces the Baltics' adjustment strategy during the 2008-09 global financial crisis. The abrupt end to the externally-financed domestic demand boom triggered a severe output collapse, bringing per capita i...

Albania

Albania »

Source: Albania : Income Distribution, Poverty, and Social Safety Nets in the Transition, 1991-1993

Volume/Issue: 1994/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1994

ISBN: 9781451854541

Keywords: social assistance, wage, benefits, unemployment, dependents

This paper examines developments in Albania’s income distribution and poverty during the transition to a market-oriented economy. It pays particular attention to the impact of price liberalization on the agr...

Aspects of the Swiss Labor Market

Aspects of the Swiss Labor Market »

Source: Aspects of the Swiss Labor Market

Volume/Issue: 1996/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paula De Masi , and S. Henry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451841855

Keywords: unemployment, unemployment benefits, unemployment rate, employment, unemployed

This paper presents an analysis of the behavior of the Swiss labor market, which emphasizes both changes to labor supply and real wage inflexibility as determinants of recent unusually high levels of unemployment....

Coping with Spain's Aging

Coping with Spain's Aging »

Source: Coping with Spain's Aging : Retirement Rules and Incentives

Volume/Issue: 2007/122

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Hoffmaister , Mario Catalan , and Jaime Guajardo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2007

ISBN: 9781451866865

Keywords: pension reform, dynamic general equilibrium model, and Spanish pension system, pension, retirement, retirement age, tax rate, benefits, Spanish Pension System,

This paper evaluates the macroeconomic and welfare effects of extending the averaging period used to calculate pension benefits in a pay-as-you-go system. It also examines the complementarities between reforms exte...

Defining, Measuring and Alleviating Poverty in an Economy in Transition

Defining, Measuring and Alleviating Poverty in an Economy in Transition »

Source: Defining, Measuring and Alleviating Poverty in an Economy in Transition : The Case of Lithuania

Volume/Issue: 1994/116

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Cornelius

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1994

ISBN: 9781451942248

Keywords: social safety net, social benefits, poverty line, social assistance, distribution of income

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Economic and Environmental Benefits of Eliminating Log Export Bans-The Case of Costa Rica

Economic and Environmental Benefits of Eliminating Log Export Bans-The Case of Costa Rica »

Source: Economic and Environmental Benefits of Eliminating Log Export Bans-The Case of Costa Rica

Volume/Issue: 2001/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nalin Kishor , Muthukumara Mani , and Luis Constantino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

ISBN: 9781451857153

Keywords: trade and environment, log export ban (LEB), sustainable management, forest, forests, environmental benefits, environmental costs, timber trade, Renewable Resources and Conservation: Forestry, Log Export Ban

An increasing number of tropical timber producing nations have enacted bans on export of logs. Proponents argue that a log export ban is a second-best policy tool for addressing environmental externalities; it also...

Economic Geography and Wages

Economic Geography and Wages »

Source: Economic Geography and Wages : The Case of Indonesia

Volume/Issue: 2004/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mary Amiti , and Lisa Cameron

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2004

ISBN: 9781451850239

Keywords: Agglomeration, vertical linkages, economic geography, cost linkages, demand linkages, market access, wage, benefits, National Security and War, Economic History: Government

The paper finds a significant shift in the economic characteristics of civil conflicts during the1990s. Conflicts have become shorter but with more severe contractions and a stronger recovery of growth. The overall...

Economic Restructuring, Unemployment, and Growth in a Transition Economy

Economic Restructuring, Unemployment, and Growth in a Transition Economy »

Source: Economic Restructuring, Unemployment, and Growth in a Transition Economy

Volume/Issue: 1993/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kornelia Krajnyak , Bankim Chadha , and Fabrizio Coricelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451843323

Keywords: employment, unemployment rate, unemployment benefits, private sector employment

This paper develops a model of the process of reallocation of labor from the state sector to the private sector. When growth is exogenously determined, we show that in the initial stages of transition unemployment...

Endogeneity in Structural Unemployment Equations

Endogeneity in Structural Unemployment Equations »

Source: Endogeneity in Structural Unemployment Equations : The Case of Canada

Volume/Issue: 1993/94

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1993

ISBN: 9781451950694

Keywords: unemployment, unemployment rate, unemployment insurance, employment, unemployment benefits

This paper examines the endogeneity of several structural variables which enter unemployment rate equations—the generosity of unemployment benefits, nonwage labor costs, the relative minimum wage, and the de...

EU Framework for Safeguarding Financial Stability

EU Framework for Safeguarding Financial Stability »

Source: EU Framework for Safeguarding Financial Stability : Towards an Analytical Benchmark for Assessing its Effectiveness

Volume/Issue: 2007/260

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): María Nieto , and Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2007

ISBN: 9781451868234

Keywords: Safeguarding EU financial stability, benefits, financial stability, financial system, financial institutions, deposit insurance,

European finance is becoming increasingly cross-border, while the European architecture for safeguarding financial stability - including decision-making processes for providing financial-stability public goods - ha...