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Are Banks Really Lazy? Evidence from Middle East and North Africa

Are Banks Really Lazy? Evidence from Middle East and North Africa »

Source: Are Banks Really Lazy? Evidence from Middle East and North Africa

Volume/Issue: 2014/86

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Simon Gray , Philippe Karam , and Rima Turk Ariss

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484386460

Keywords: MENA, credit, central bank, government securities, monetary fund, banking, monetary financing, General, Government Policy and Regulation, and credit.,

We investigate whether low loan-to-deposit (LTD) ratios and high levels of reserve balances at the central bank (or holdings of government securities) are a reflection of policy-driven factors compared to commonly...

4. Authorities’ Views

4. Authorities’ Views »

Source: Pan-African Banks : Opportunities and Challenges for Cross-Border Oversight

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Paul Mathieu , Mauro Mecagni , and Jorge Canales Kriljenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2015

ISBN: 9781498365444

Keywords: Banking systems, Bank supervision, Bank soundness, Cross country analysis, Cross-border banking, Sub-Saharan Africa, Systemically important financial institutions, bank, banks, banking

The authorities saw the initiative as timely, important, and contributing significantly to addressing the issues. The report came at a critical time when the African economy is opening up and becoming more i...

Basel Capital Requirements and Credit Crunch in the MENA Region

Basel Capital Requirements and Credit Crunch in the MENA Region »

Source: Basel Capital Requirements and Credit Crunch in the MENA Region

Volume/Issue: 2013/160

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sami Ben Naceur , and Magda Kandil

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2013

ISBN: 9781475586275

Keywords: Basel I Accord, capital requirement, lending behaviour, panel data models, banking, capital adequacy, banking system, capital adequacy ratio, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Economics of Regulation,

The 1988 Basel I Accord set the common requirements of bank capital to promote the soundness and stability of the international banking system. The agreement required banks to hold capital in proportion to their pe...

Can Islamic Banking Increase Financial Inclusion?*

Can Islamic Banking Increase Financial Inclusion?* »

Source: Can Islamic Banking Increase Financial Inclusion?

Volume/Issue: 2015/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sami Ben Naceur , Adolfo Barajas , and Alexander Massara

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 2015

ISBN: 9781498370813

Keywords: financial inclusion, Financial Possibility Frontier, bank, banking, banks, credit, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects)

The paper analyses existing country-level information on the relationship between the development of Islamic banking and financial inclusion. In Muslim countries-members of the Organization for Islamic Cooperation...

3. Challenges for Banking Oversight

3. Challenges for Banking Oversight »

Source: Pan-African Banks : Opportunities and Challenges for Cross-Border Oversight

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Paul Mathieu , Mauro Mecagni , and Jorge Canales Kriljenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2015

ISBN: 9781498365444

Keywords: Banking systems, Bank supervision, Bank soundness, Cross country analysis, Cross-border banking, Sub-Saharan Africa, Systemically important financial institutions, bank, banks, banking

Cross-Border Regulatory and Supervisory Issues The rapid expansion of pan-African banks (PABs) creates supervisory challenges given key weaknesses in the supervisory framework. Super...

Chapter 4. Bolstering Financial Stability and Development

Chapter 4. Bolstering Financial Stability and Development »

Source: Toward New Horizons : Arab Economic Transformation amid Political Transition

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Harald Finger , and Daniela Gressani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484311462

Keywords: Civil service, Exchange rate regimes, Financial systems, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Government expenditures, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Islamic banking

Financial systems in the ACTs could gain significantly from reforms that foster financial stability and development. Although banks are sizeable, competition remains limited, with significant state ownership...

Chapter 1. Introduction and Summary

Chapter 1. Introduction and Summary »

Source: Toward New Horizons : Arab Economic Transformation amid Political Transition

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Harald Finger , and Daniela Gressani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484311462

Keywords: Civil service, Exchange rate regimes, Financial systems, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Government expenditures, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Islamic banking

The political transitions in the Arab world have created an opportunity for economic transformation. The political landscape is changing and new stakeholders have become active, while old vested interests st...

Chapter 6. Managing Economic Change During The Transitions

Chapter 6. Managing Economic Change During The Transitions »

Source: Toward New Horizons : Arab Economic Transformation amid Political Transition

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Harald Finger , and Daniela Gressani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484311462

Keywords: Civil service, Exchange rate regimes, Financial systems, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Government expenditures, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Islamic banking

Generating success in economic transformation requires a coordinated effort. The complexity of the task under adverse conditions necessitates a heightened focus on navigating the political economy and a stro...

Chapter 3. Monetary and Exchange Rate Policy for Stability, Growth, and Jobs

Chapter 3. Monetary and Exchange Rate Policy for Stability, Growth, and Jobs »

Source: Toward New Horizons : Arab Economic Transformation amid Political Transition

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Harald Finger , and Daniela Gressani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484311462

Keywords: Civil service, Exchange rate regimes, Financial systems, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Government expenditures, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Islamic banking

The ACTs’ longstanding monetary and exchange rate policies have traditionally supported stability, but with pressures building up from time to time. Most ACTs have historically relied on stable exchange rate...

Chapter 5. Reform for Sustainable, Job-Creating, Private Sector–led Growth

Chapter 5. Reform for Sustainable, Job-Creating, Private Sector–led Growth »

Source: Toward New Horizons : Arab Economic Transformation amid Political Transition

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Harald Finger , and Daniela Gressani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484311462

Keywords: Civil service, Exchange rate regimes, Financial systems, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Government expenditures, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Islamic banking

The ACTs have contended for years with structural economic challenges. Many have moved over time from state-led economies to systems relying more on private sector–led growth. Nonetheless, competition in dom...