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5 Adjusting to the New Realities

5 Adjusting to the New Realities »

Source: Building on Progress : Reform and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 1996

ISBN: 9781557756251

Keywords: trade liberalization, financial sector, uruguay round, banking, oil countries

The MENA region, with the exception of the GCC countries, remains one of the most protectionist in the world. Furthermore, despite the remarkable growth in international trade over the past few decades, MENA...

Are Banks Really Lazy? Evidence from Middle East and North Africa

Are Banks Really Lazy? Evidence from Middle East and North Africa »

Source: Are Banks Really Lazy? Evidence from Middle East and North Africa

Volume/Issue: 2014/86

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Simon Gray , Philippe Karam , and Rima Turk Ariss

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484386460

Keywords: MENA, credit, central bank, government securities, monetary fund, banking, monetary financing, General, Government Policy and Regulation, and credit.,

We investigate whether low loan-to-deposit (LTD) ratios and high levels of reserve balances at the central bank (or holdings of government securities) are a reflection of policy-driven factors compared to commonly...

Basel Capital Requirements and Credit Crunch in the MENA Region

Basel Capital Requirements and Credit Crunch in the MENA Region »

Source: Basel Capital Requirements and Credit Crunch in the MENA Region

Volume/Issue: 2013/160

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sami Ben Naceur , and Magda Kandil

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2013

ISBN: 9781475586275

Keywords: Basel I Accord, capital requirement, lending behaviour, panel data models, banking, capital adequacy, banking system, capital adequacy ratio, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Economics of Regulation,

The 1988 Basel I Accord set the common requirements of bank capital to promote the soundness and stability of the international banking system. The agreement required banks to hold capital in proportion to their pe...

Building on Progress
			: Reform and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa

Building on Progress : Reform and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756251.071

ISBN: 9781557756251

Keywords: trade liberalization, financial sector, uruguay round, banking, oil countries

Countries in the Middle East and North Africa region have unprecedented opportunities for transforming their economies through accelerated economic growth, but the countries themselves must ensure the necessary con...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Building on Progress : Reform and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 1996

ISBN: 9781557756251

Keywords: trade liberalization, financial sector, uruguay round, banking, oil countries

Countries in the Middle East and North Africa region have unprecedented opportunities for transforming their economies through accelerated economic growth, but the countries themselves must ensure the necessary con...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Building on Progress : Reform and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 1996

ISBN: 9781557756251

Keywords: trade liberalization, financial sector, uruguay round, banking, oil countries

Countries in the Middle East and North Africa region have unprecedented opportunities for transforming their economies through accelerated economic growth, but the countries themselves must ensure the necessary con...

4 Financial Structure and Reforms

4 Financial Structure and Reforms »

Source: Building on Progress : Reform and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 1996

ISBN: 9781557756251

Keywords: trade liberalization, financial sector, uruguay round, banking, oil countries

Strong and dynamic modern financial institutions and systems are important prerequisites for MENA countries to compete in the global economy and achieve full integration into world financial markets. While m...

3 Fiscal Structure and Reform

3 Fiscal Structure and Reform »

Source: Building on Progress : Reform and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 1996

ISBN: 9781557756251

Keywords: trade liberalization, financial sector, uruguay round, banking, oil countries

Governments in the countries of the MENA region have traditionally played a dominant role in their economies, especially in terms of the resources that they command, their contribution to output, and their i...

Foreign Currency Deposits in Developing Countries-Origins and Economic Implications

Foreign Currency Deposits in Developing Countries-Origins and Economic Implications »

Source: Foreign Currency Deposits in Developing Countries-Origins and Economic Implications

Volume/Issue: 1987/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1987

ISBN: 9781451925197

Keywords: foreign exchange, currency substitution, banking, banking system, exchange rate

The growing importance of foreign currency deposits (FCDs) in some developing countries has raised numerous issues, particularly regarding the effectiveness of economic policies. This paper discusses factors that i...

Are Banks Really Lazy? Evidence from Middle East and North Africa

Are Banks Really Lazy? Evidence from Middle East and North Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2014/86

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Simon Gray , Philippe Karam , and Rima Turk Ariss

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484386460.001

ISBN: 9781484386460

Keywords: MENA, credit, central bank, government securities, monetary fund, banking, monetary financing, General, Government Policy and Regulation, and credit.,

We investigate whether low loan-to-deposit (LTD) ratios and high levels of reserve balances at the central bank (or holdings of government securities) are a reflection of policy-driven factors compared to commonly...