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I. Overview

I. Overview »

Source: Macroeconomic Implications of Financial Dollarization : The Case of Uruguay

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , Alejandro Lopez Mejia , and Marco Piñón-Farah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2008

ISBN: 9781589067271

Keywords: Dollarization, Banking sector, Exchange rate regimes, External sector, Fiscal sustainability, Fiscal reforms, inflation, monetary policy, central bank, foreign currency

This paper assesses the implications of high financial dollarization for macroeconomic policies and vulnerabilities in Uruguay. Dollarization creates balance sheet exposure to exchange rate changes and poses...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Turkey at the Crossroads : From Crisis Resolution to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan , Xavier Debrun , Mark Griffiths , Reza Moghadam , Ernesto Ramirez Rigo , Martin Schindler , Mats Josefsson , Cheng Lim , Christian Keller , Christoph Klingen , Chris Lane , Oya Celasun , Ashoka Mody , Dewitt Marston , and Mathew Verghis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589063860

Keywords: Financial sector, Economic growth, Labor markets, foreign currency, inflation, banking, public debt, external debt

Almost five years after the 2000–01 economic crisis, the fortunes of the Turkish economy have been transformed. The economy has grown rapidly for three successive years, inflation h...

II Economic Growth in Turkey, 1960–2000

II Economic Growth in Turkey, 1960–2000 »

Source: Turkey at the Crossroads : From Crisis Resolution to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan , Xavier Debrun , Mark Griffiths , Reza Moghadam , Ernesto Ramirez Rigo , Martin Schindler , Mats Josefsson , Cheng Lim , Christian Keller , Christoph Klingen , Chris Lane , Oya Celasun , Ashoka Mody , Dewitt Marston , and Mathew Verghis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589063860

Keywords: Financial sector, Economic growth, Labor markets, foreign currency, inflation, banking, public debt, external debt

In the face of a global economic slowdown after 1980, countries that maintained or increased growth rates typically expanded trade and deepened their financial systems as well. Grow...

II. Inflation Process in Uruguay

II. Inflation Process in Uruguay »

Source: Macroeconomic Implications of Financial Dollarization : The Case of Uruguay

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , Alejandro Lopez Mejia , and Marco Piñón-Farah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2008

ISBN: 9781589067271

Keywords: Dollarization, Banking sector, Exchange rate regimes, External sector, Fiscal sustainability, Fiscal reforms, inflation, monetary policy, central bank, foreign currency

Following chronic high inflation, Uruguay reduced inflation gradually through a disinflation program in the 1990s, reaching single digits by 1998. Inflation has since remained moderate, except for an outburs...

III. Pass-Through, Dollarization, and Credibility in Uruguay

III. Pass-Through, Dollarization, and Credibility in Uruguay »

Source: Macroeconomic Implications of Financial Dollarization : The Case of Uruguay

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , Alejandro Lopez Mejia , and Marco Piñón-Farah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2008

ISBN: 9781589067271

Keywords: Dollarization, Banking sector, Exchange rate regimes, External sector, Fiscal sustainability, Fiscal reforms, inflation, monetary policy, central bank, foreign currency

A high degree of exchange rate pass-through to domestic prices and financial dollarization can constrain the effectiveness of a flexible exchange rate as a shock absorber and indirect channel of transmission...

III Turkey’s Inflation Process

III Turkey’s Inflation Process »

Source: Turkey at the Crossroads : From Crisis Resolution to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan , Xavier Debrun , Mark Griffiths , Reza Moghadam , Ernesto Ramirez Rigo , Martin Schindler , Mats Josefsson , Cheng Lim , Christian Keller , Christoph Klingen , Chris Lane , Oya Celasun , Ashoka Mody , Dewitt Marston , and Mathew Verghis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589063860

Keywords: Financial sector, Economic growth, Labor markets, foreign currency, inflation, banking, public debt, external debt

Turkey has had a long history of persistently high inflation. Inflation started to take off during the 1970s and peaked at more than 100 percent in the mid-1990s. Following an unsuccessful exchange rate-base...

Sudan
			: Recent Economic Developments

Sudan : Recent Economic Developments »

Volume/Issue: 1995/12

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451833652.002

ISBN: 9781451833652

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, inflation, banking, banking system

This paper reviews economic developments in Sudan during 1990-94. In 1993 and 1994, the authorities decided to redress the economic imbalances by adopting a more comprehensive approach aimed at substantially loweri...

IV Balance Sheet Developments Since the Crisis

IV Balance Sheet Developments Since the Crisis »

Source: Turkey at the Crossroads : From Crisis Resolution to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan , Xavier Debrun , Mark Griffiths , Reza Moghadam , Ernesto Ramirez Rigo , Martin Schindler , Mats Josefsson , Cheng Lim , Christian Keller , Christoph Klingen , Chris Lane , Oya Celasun , Ashoka Mody , Dewitt Marston , and Mathew Verghis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589063860

Keywords: Financial sector, Economic growth, Labor markets, foreign currency, inflation, banking, public debt, external debt

Following what is called a “balance sheet approach,” this chapter assesses the effect of the 2001 crisis on Turkey’s main economic sectors, the role those sectors played in resolving the crisis, and how they...

IV. Role of Bank Lending in the Transmission of Macroeconomic Shocks

IV. Role of Bank Lending in the Transmission of Macroeconomic Shocks »

Source: Macroeconomic Implications of Financial Dollarization : The Case of Uruguay

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , Alejandro Lopez Mejia , and Marco Piñón-Farah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2008

ISBN: 9781589067271

Keywords: Dollarization, Banking sector, Exchange rate regimes, External sector, Fiscal sustainability, Fiscal reforms, inflation, monetary policy, central bank, foreign currency

More than five years have passed since the banking crisis in Uruguay, and the first signs of a recovery in bank credit are visible (Figure 4.1). In particular, after a continued strong economic expansion sin...

IX Bank Restructuring and Financial Sector Reform

IX Bank Restructuring and Financial Sector Reform »

Source: Turkey at the Crossroads : From Crisis Resolution to EU Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan , Xavier Debrun , Mark Griffiths , Reza Moghadam , Ernesto Ramirez Rigo , Martin Schindler , Mats Josefsson , Cheng Lim , Christian Keller , Christoph Klingen , Chris Lane , Oya Celasun , Ashoka Mody , Dewitt Marston , and Mathew Verghis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589063860

Keywords: Financial sector, Economic growth, Labor markets, foreign currency, inflation, banking, public debt, external debt

The Turkish banking system was highly concentrated at the end of the 1990s. Three large state banks represented about 27 percent of total assets, while the five largest private banks accounted for almost 40...