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2. A Fiscal Framework to Support Growth and Manage Dependence on Natural Resource Revenues

2. A Fiscal Framework to Support Growth and Manage Dependence on Natural Resource Revenues »

Source: Saudi Arabia : Tackling Emerging Economic Challenges to Sustain Strong Growth

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Ahmed Al-Darwish , Naif Alghaith , Alberto Behar , Tim Callen , Pragyan Deb , Amgad Hegazy , Padamja Khandelwal , Malika Pant , and Haonan Qu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2015

ISBN: 9781498323079

Keywords: Export diversification, Commodity markets, Economic growth, Budgets, Fiscal rules, Fiscal policy, Macroprudential Policy, Nonoil sector, Monetary policy, Oil revenues

Saudi Arabia derives more than 90 percent of its fiscal revenue from oil. Key challenges for fiscal policymakers are to insulate the economy and the budget from large fluctuations in oil prices, ensure that...

Appendix I. Exchange Arrangements and Monetary Policy Frameworks in IMF Arab Member Countries

Appendix I. Exchange Arrangements and Monetary Policy Frameworks in IMF Arab Member Countries »

Source: Monetary Issues in the Middle East and North Africa Region : A Policy Implementation Handbook for Central Bankers

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Simon Gray , and Philippe Karam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

ISBN: 9781475590562

Keywords: Bank supervision, Central banks, Egypt, Jordan, Interest rate policy, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Monetary transmission mechanism, Tunisia

Algeria Classification: Other managed arrangement The de jure exchange rate arrangement is managed floating. The Bank of Algeria (BA) does not announce th...

Appendix II. Unconventional Tools and Financial Stability Concerns in Central Bank Responses to the Crisis

Appendix II. Unconventional Tools and Financial Stability Concerns in Central Bank Responses to the Crisis »

Source: Monetary Issues in the Middle East and North Africa Region : A Policy Implementation Handbook for Central Bankers

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Simon Gray , and Philippe Karam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

ISBN: 9781475590562

Keywords: Bank supervision, Central banks, Egypt, Jordan, Interest rate policy, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Monetary transmission mechanism, Tunisia

Monetary policy and financial stability frameworks before the crisis—main features Maintaining low and stable inflation was thought to be the main contribution monetary policy could...

Appendix III. Excerpts from MENA Central Bank Statutes Relating to Collateral

Appendix III. Excerpts from MENA Central Bank Statutes Relating to Collateral »

Source: Monetary Issues in the Middle East and North Africa Region : A Policy Implementation Handbook for Central Bankers

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Simon Gray , and Philippe Karam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

ISBN: 9781475590562

Keywords: Bank supervision, Central banks, Egypt, Jordan, Interest rate policy, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Monetary transmission mechanism, Tunisia

Central Bank of Kuwait Article 26 Within the provisions of this Law, the Board of Directors shall exercise the full powers necessary to perform its dut...

APPENDIX 1: IMF Involvement in Tanzania

APPENDIX 1: IMF Involvement in Tanzania »

Source: Tanzania : The Story of an African Transition

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Roger Nord , Yuri Sobolev , David G. Dunn , Alejandro Hajdenberg , Niko Hobdari , Samar Maziad , and Stéphane Roudet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2009

ISBN: 9781589068223

Keywords: foreign exchange, monetary policy, exchange rate, inflation, banking

IMF involvement in Tanzania’s economic transformation and programs has evolved in three phases: liberalization, 1986–95; macroeconomic stabilization and structural reform, 1996–2006...

2 Assessing Macroeconomic Policies

2 Assessing Macroeconomic Policies »

Source: Paraguay : Addressing the Stagnation and Instability Trap

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Alejandro Santos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2009

ISBN: 9781589068520

Keywords: inflation, central bank, exchange rate, monetary policy, monetary fund

The main macroeconomic problem in Paraguay is the persistence of high unemployment and low growth for an extended period of time. Over the past 50 years, Paraguay ha...

The Caucasus and Central Asia: Transitioning to Emerging Markets

The Caucasus and Central Asia: Transitioning to Emerging Markets »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

The countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) have recorded significant macroeconomic achievements since independence. These countries have grown more rapidly--on average by 7 percent over 1996-2011--than th...

3. Channels of Spillovers to Neighboring Countries

3. Channels of Spillovers to Neighboring Countries »

Source: The Spillover Effects of Russia's Economic Slowdown on Neighboring Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Ara Stepanyan , Agustin Roitman , Gohar Minasyan , Dragana Ostojic , and Natan Epstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2015

ISBN: 9781513571348

Keywords: External shocks, Russian Federation, Economic growth, Negative spillovers, Regional shocks, Central Asia and the Caucasus, Central and Eastern Europe, Baltics, Regional trade, Remittances

Trade and remittances are the main channels of outward spillovers from Russia on neighboring countries (see Figure 1). Trade channel is particularly prominent in CIS and Baltic countries, given...

CHAPTER 3 Academics

CHAPTER 3 Academics »

Source: The Crisis and Miss Emily's Perceptions

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Luc Leruth , and Pierre Nicolas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 November 2010

ISBN: 9781462327331

Keywords: Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, paper, monetary policy, probability, scientists, financial sector

Theoretical models used by academics specializing in social sciences and other sciences exhibit at least two features that are rarely found in the real world: they are simple and perfectly consistent. There...

CHAPTER 5: Aid, Growth, and Competitiveness

CHAPTER 5: Aid, Growth, and Competitiveness »

Source: Tanzania : The Story of an African Transition

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Roger Nord , Yuri Sobolev , David G. Dunn , Alejandro Hajdenberg , Niko Hobdari , Samar Maziad , and Stéphane Roudet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2009

ISBN: 9781589068223

Keywords: foreign exchange, monetary policy, exchange rate, inflation, banking

History and Evolution of Aid to Tanzania Tanzania has long received substantial amounts of donor aid. Since the mid-1970s, aid has consistently exceeded 5 percent of GDP a year, and...