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Appendix I. Advantages of Borrowing from the Central Bank

Appendix I. Advantages of Borrowing from the Central Bank »

Source: Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government : Theory and Practice

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

ISBN: 9781557753588

Keywords: central bank, current account, monetary policy, inflation, central banks

This appendix addresses two issues. First, under what conditions borrowing from the central bank is more convenient for the government than borrowing from the market. Second, under...

Appendix II Relevance of Institutional Constraints

Appendix II Relevance of Institutional Constraints »

Source: Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government : Theory and Practice

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

ISBN: 9781557753588

Keywords: central bank, current account, monetary policy, inflation, central banks

The issue of whether institutional constraints, including those on central bank credit, can be effective in preserving central bank independence has always been highly controversial...

Appendix III Central Bank Credit to the Government in 57 Countries

Appendix III Central Bank Credit to the Government in 57 Countries »

Source: Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government : Theory and Practice

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

ISBN: 9781557753588

Keywords: central bank, current account, monetary policy, inflation, central banks

This appendix presents some factual information on how formal constraints on central bank credit to the government are regulated in a sample of 57 countries. The sample includes all...

Can Domestic Policies Influence Inflation?

Can Domestic Policies Influence Inflation? »

Source: Can Domestic Policies Influence Inflation?

Volume/Issue: 2007/257

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , and Franziska Ohnsorge

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2007

ISBN: 9781451868203

Keywords: Price convergence, Maastricht criterion, Euro adoption, monetary policy, price level, inflation rates, inflation rate,

Globalization operates not only by reducing domestic pressures on inflation but also by reducing the scope of domestic authorities to influence the pace of inflation. First, as markets are integrated, the common, c...

The Choice of Monetary and Exchange Rate Arrangements for a Small, Open, Low-Income Economy

The Choice of Monetary and Exchange Rate Arrangements for a Small, Open, Low-Income Economy »

Source: The Choice of Monetary and Exchange Rate Arrangements for a Small, Open, Low-Income Economy : The Case of São Tomé and Príncipe

Volume/Issue: 2008/118

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , Nisreen Farhan , Amar Shanghavi , Márcio Ronci , and Misa Takebe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781451869781

Keywords: Monetary and exchange rate arrangements, small economy, open economy, nominal anchor, peg, currency union, exchange rate, inflation, monetary union, central bank

This paper assesses São Tomé and Príncipe's monetary and exchange rate arrangements in light of the country's monetary history and the relevant experience of comparable countries in Africa. The study highlights sev...

Dealing with High Debt in an Era of Low Growth

Dealing with High Debt in an Era of Low Growth »

Source: Dealing with High Debt in an Era of Low Growth

Volume/Issue: 2013/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): S. M. Ali Abbas , Bernardin Akitoby , Jochen Andritzky , Helge Berger , Takuji Komatsuzaki , and Justin Tyson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2013

ISBN: 9781484316139

Keywords: Debt strategy, Debt reduction, Developed countries, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Monetary policy, Privatization, Public debt, General Government Debt, Public Debt Sustainability

task has become particularly challenging in European advanced economies where expectations of low growth and limits to monetary policy support are shifting the burden of adjustment onto fiscal consolidation. The SD...

1. Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

1. Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, but at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. The external environment has become less supportive, with slow...

Euro Area: Report on Observance of Standards and Codes Assessment of Observance of the IMF Code of Good Practices on Transparency in Monetary and Financial Policies—Monetary Policy and Payment System Oversight, and the CPSS Core Principles for Systemically Important Payment Systems (Target and the EURO1 Payment Systems)

Euro Area: Report on Observance of Standards and Codes Assessment of Observance of the IMF Code of Good Practices on Transparency in Monetary and Financial Policies—Monetary Policy and Payment System Oversight, and the CPSS Core Principles for Systemically Important Payment Systems (Target and the EURO1 Payment Systems) »

Source: Euro Area : Report on Observance of Standards and Codes Assessment of Observance of the IMF Code of Good Practices on Transparency in Monetary and Financial Policies-Monetary Policy and Payment System Oversight, and the CPSS Core Principles for Systemically Important Payment Systems (Target and the EURO1 Payment Systems)

Volume/Issue: 2001/195

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2001

ISBN: 9781451812923

Keywords: monetary policy, euro, payment system, financial policies, payment systems

The Euro system maintains a high level of transparency in all aspects of operations, demonstrating a strong institutional commitment to openness and a high degree of observance of the code. Greater consistency in t...

Euro Area: Report on Observance of Standards and Codes Assessment of Observance of the IMF Code of Good Practices on Transparency in Monetary and Financial Policies—Monetary Policy and Payment System Oversight, and the CPSS Core Principles for Systemically Important Payment Systems (Target and the EURO1 Payment Systems)

Euro Area: Report on Observance of Standards and Codes Assessment of Observance of the IMF Code of Good Practices on Transparency in Monetary and Financial Policies—Monetary Policy and Payment System Oversight, and the CPSS Core Principles for Systemically Important Payment Systems (Target and the EURO1 Payment Systems) »

Source: Euro Area : Report on Observance of Standards and Codes Assessment of Observance of the IMF Code of Good Practices on Transparency in Monetary and Financial Policies-Monetary Policy and Payment System Oversight, and the CPSS Core Principles for Systemically Important Payment Systems (Target and the EURO1 Payment Systems)

Volume/Issue: 2001/195

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 November 2001

ISBN: 9781451812923

Keywords: monetary policy, euro, payment system, financial policies, payment systems

The Euro system maintains a high level of transparency in all aspects of operations, demonstrating a strong institutional commitment to openness and a high degree of observance of the code. Greater consistency in t...

Exchange Rate-Based Stabilization in Western Europe

Exchange Rate-Based Stabilization in Western Europe »

Source: Exchange Rate-Based Stabilization in Western Europe : Greece, Ireland, Italy and Portugal

Volume/Issue: 1997/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enrica Detragiache , and A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1997

ISBN: 9781451849691

Keywords: Inflation stabilization, Western Europe, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy

This paper compares the experience with exchange-rate–based stabilization (ERBS) of four Western European countries with that of high-inflation developing countries. In general, the behavior of key macroecon...