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Article IV Consultations

Article IV Consultations »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755940

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments

Under Article IV of the Articles of Agreement, the Fund holds bilateral discussions with members, usually every year. A staff team visits the country, collects economic and financial information, and discuss...

8 Background Tables

8 Background Tables »

Source: Transforming Financial Systems in the Baltics, Russia and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Series: Books

Author(s): Robert Price , Malcolm Knight , and Arne Petersen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 1999

ISBN: 9781557757982

Keywords: central bank, foreign exchange, banking, national bank, monetary policy

The following tables provide a summary of the reforms in the key central banking areas for the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union. The tables start with the implementation of mon...

4 Banking Sector Reform

4 Banking Sector Reform »

Source: Transforming Financial Systems in the Baltics, Russia and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Series: Books

Author(s): Robert Price , Malcolm Knight , and Arne Petersen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 1999

ISBN: 9781557757982

Keywords: central bank, foreign exchange, banking, national bank, monetary policy

The perestroika policies of the Soviet Union during the late 1980s set the stage for the rapid rise in the number of banks in individual states, although the ratio of credit to GDP remained low (see Chapter...

Book Reviews

Book Reviews »

Source: Finance & Development, September 2000

Volume/Issue: 37/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451952308

Keywords: inflation, monetary fund, monetary policy, inflation targeting

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

The Caucasus and Central Asia: Transitioning to Emerging Markets

The Caucasus and Central Asia: Transitioning to Emerging Markets »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

The countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) have recorded significant macroeconomic achievements since independence. These countries have grown more rapidly--on average by 7 percent over 1996-2011--than th...

6 Central Bank Accounting and Internal Audit

6 Central Bank Accounting and Internal Audit »

Source: Transforming Financial Systems in the Baltics, Russia and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Series: Books

Author(s): Robert Price , Malcolm Knight , and Arne Petersen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 1999

ISBN: 9781557757982

Keywords: central bank, foreign exchange, banking, national bank, monetary policy

The range of basic central bank accounting reforms adopted by the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union underscores the importance of reliable financial information in the effective...

Central Bank Autonomy, and Inflation and Output Performance in the Baltic States, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union, 1995-1997

Central Bank Autonomy, and Inflation and Output Performance in the Baltic States, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union, 1995-1997 »

Source: Central Bank Autonomy, and Inflation and Output Performance in the Baltic States, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union, 1995-1997

Volume/Issue: 1999/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tonny Lybek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451842029

Keywords: Central bank independence, transition economies, central bank, inflation, monetary policy, central banks, monetary fund

A higher degree of de jure autonomy and accountability of the central banks of the Baltic states, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union appears to be positively correlated with lower average inflat...

Chapter 6. CCA Fiscal Policy and Fiscal Frameworks

Chapter 6. CCA Fiscal Policy and Fiscal Frameworks »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

The fiscal situation and fiscal institutions of CCA countries improved substantially over the last 20 years, although fiscal and public debt positions deteriorated following the global crisis and in most CCA...

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 1. Introduction »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

The countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) have recorded significant macroeconomic achievements since independence. These countries have grown more rapidly—on average by 7 percent over...

Chapter 3 Macroeconomic Policy Challenges

Chapter 3 Macroeconomic Policy Challenges »

Source: Managing Global Growth Risks and Commodity Price Shocks : Vulnerabilities and Policy Challenges for Low-Income Countries: Vulnerabilities and Policy Challenges for Low-Income Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 July 2012

ISBN: 9781616353773

Keywords: Development, Economic growth, Commodity prices, External shocks, Economic recovery, Price increases, Low-income developing countries, inflation, monetary policy, exchange rate

A. Rebuilding Policy Buffers A central policy challenge facing LICs is to balance the rebuilding of macroeconomic buffers against pressing spending needs, whether for...