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China's High Savings: Drivers, Prospects, and Policies1

China's High Savings: Drivers, Prospects, and Policies1 »

Source: China's High Savings: Drivers, Prospects, and Policies

Volume/Issue: 2018/277

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Longmei Zhang , Ray Brooks , Ding Ding , Haiyan Ding , Hui He , Jing Lu , and Rui Mano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2018

ISBN: 9781484388778

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, China, People's Republic of, China; Savings; Demographic Changes; Social Safety Net; Inequality; Housing; Projections, China, Savings, Demographic Changes, Social Safety Net, Inequality; Housing, Projections,

China's high national savings rate-one of the highest in the world-is at the heart of its external/internal imbalances. High savings finance elevated investment when held domestically, or lead to large external imb...

Counting the Oil Money and the Elderly: Norway's Public Sector Balance Sheet

Counting the Oil Money and the Elderly: Norway's Public Sector Balance Sheet »

Source: Counting the Oil Money and the Elderly: Norway's Public Sector Balance Sheet

Volume/Issue: 2018/190

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ezequiel Cabezon , and Christian Henn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 August 2018

ISBN: 9781484370117

Keywords: Europe, Norway, Public Sector Balance Sheet, Intertemporal Fiscal Balances, Debt Sustainability, General, Social Security and Public Pensions, General, Governmental Loans and Credits, Norway

Based on a permanent income analysis, Gagnon (2018) has prominently suggested that Norway has saved too much, thereby free-riding on the rest of the world for demand. Our public sector balance sheet analysis comes...

Demographics, Old-Age Transfers and the Current Account1

Demographics, Old-Age Transfers and the Current Account1 »

Source: Demographics, Old-Age Transfers and the Current Account

Volume/Issue: 2018/264

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mai Chi Dao , and Callum Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2018

ISBN: 9781484385906

Keywords: Pensions, Demographic indicators, Current account balances, Current account surpluses, Capital flows, Aging, Demographics, Current Account Flows, External Imbalances, General

Building on the evolving literature on the topic, this paper reviews the relationship between demographics and long-run capital flows in both theory and in the data. For this purpose, we develop a two region overla...

Finland's Public Sector Balance Sheet

Finland's Public Sector Balance Sheet »

Source: Finland's Public Sector Balance Sheet : A Novel Approach to Analysis of Public Finance

Volume/Issue: 2018/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Maren Brede , and Christian Henn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484349885

Keywords: Finland, Debt sustainability, Europe, Public Sector Balance Sheet, Intertemporal Fiscal Balances, General, Social Security and Public Pensions, Forecasts of Budgets, Deficits, and Debt

We construct a comprehensive public sector balance sheet for Finland from 2000 to 2016 by complementing general government statistics with data on public corporations and public pensions. We show that exposure to v...

Fiscal Policy and Debt Sustainability

Fiscal Policy and Debt Sustainability »

Source: Fiscal Policy and Debt Sustainability : Cardoso's Brazil, 1995-2002

Volume/Issue: 2004/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

ISBN: 9781451857436

Keywords: institutions, public debt, central bank, public sector debt, fiscal adjustment, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, Social Security and Public Pensions, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General

We look into Brazil's public sector accounts during the two administrations of President Fernando Henrique Cardoso: 1995-98 and 1998-2002. We underline the fact that the authorities' attitude was as important as th...

China's High Savings: Drivers, Prospects, and Policies

China's High Savings: Drivers, Prospects, and Policies »

Volume/Issue: 2018/277

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Longmei Zhang , Ray Brooks , Ding Ding , Haiyan Ding , Hui He , Jing Lu , and Rui Mano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484388778.001

ISBN: 9781484388778

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, China, People's Republic of, China; Savings; Demographic Changes; Social Safety Net; Inequality; Housing; Projections, China, Savings, Demographic Changes, Social Safety Net, Inequality; Housing, Projections,

China's high national savings rate-one of the highest in the world-is at the heart of its external/internal imbalances. High savings finance elevated investment when held domestically, or lead to large external imb...

Counting the Oil Money and the Elderly: Norway's Public Sector Balance Sheet

Counting the Oil Money and the Elderly: Norway's Public Sector Balance Sheet »

Volume/Issue: 2018/190

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ezequiel Cabezon , and Christian Henn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 August 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484370117.001

ISBN: 9781484370117

Keywords: Europe, Norway, Public Sector Balance Sheet, Intertemporal Fiscal Balances, Debt Sustainability, General, Social Security and Public Pensions, General, Governmental Loans and Credits, Norway

Based on a permanent income analysis, Gagnon (2018) has prominently suggested that Norway has saved too much, thereby free-riding on the rest of the world for demand. Our public sector balance sheet analysis comes...

Demographics, Old-Age Transfers and the Current Account

Demographics, Old-Age Transfers and the Current Account »

Volume/Issue: 2018/264

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mai Chi Dao , and Callum Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484385906.001

ISBN: 9781484385906

Keywords: Pensions, Demographic indicators, Current account balances, Current account surpluses, Capital flows, Aging, Demographics, Current Account Flows, External Imbalances, General

Building on the evolving literature on the topic, this paper reviews the relationship between demographics and long-run capital flows in both theory and in the data. For this purpose, we develop a two region overla...

Finland's Public Sector Balance Sheet
			: A Novel Approach to Analysis of Public Finance

Finland's Public Sector Balance Sheet : A Novel Approach to Analysis of Public Finance »

Volume/Issue: 2018/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Maren Brede , and Christian Henn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484349885.001

ISBN: 9781484349885

Keywords: Finland, Debt sustainability, Europe, Public Sector Balance Sheet, Intertemporal Fiscal Balances, General, Social Security and Public Pensions, Forecasts of Budgets, Deficits, and Debt

We construct a comprehensive public sector balance sheet for Finland from 2000 to 2016 by complementing general government statistics with data on public corporations and public pensions. We show that exposure to v...

Fiscal Policy and Debt Sustainability
			: Cardoso's Brazil, 1995-2002

Fiscal Policy and Debt Sustainability : Cardoso's Brazil, 1995-2002 »

Volume/Issue: 2004/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451857436.001

ISBN: 9781451857436

Keywords: institutions, public debt, central bank, public sector debt, fiscal adjustment, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, Social Security and Public Pensions, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General

We look into Brazil's public sector accounts during the two administrations of President Fernando Henrique Cardoso: 1995-98 and 1998-2002. We underline the fact that the authorities' attitude was as important as th...