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Source: Brazil : Technical Assistance Report-Strengthening the Framework for Subnational Borrowing

Volume/Issue: 2019/302

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2019

ISBN: 9781513514710

Keywords: Economic conditions, Fiscal indicators, Economic growth, Financial indicators, Fiscal policy, ISCR, CR, subnational, FRL, FRR

Brazil's states have been facing severe fiscal pressures over the last years. As the economy went through a deep economic recession in 2014-16, Brazilian subnational governments had to adjust to much weaker revenue...

Brazil
			: Technical Assistance Report-Strengthening the Framework for Subnational Borrowing

Brazil : Technical Assistance Report-Strengthening the Framework for Subnational Borrowing »

Volume/Issue: 2019/302

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513514710.002

ISBN: 9781513514710

Keywords: Economic conditions, Fiscal indicators, Economic growth, Financial indicators, Fiscal policy, ISCR, CR, subnational, FRL, FRR

Brazil's states have been facing severe fiscal pressures over the last years. As the economy went through a deep economic recession in 2014-16, Brazilian subnational governments had to adjust to much weaker revenue...

Chapter 3. After the Boom: Commodity Prices and Economic Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean

Chapter 3. After the Boom: Commodity Prices and Economic Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Source: Latin America : New Challenges to Growth and Stability

Series: Books

Author(s): Dora Iakova , Luis Cubeddu , Gustavo Adler , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498328166

Keywords: debt, commodity, fiscal policy, interest, growth

Following a decade of rapid, broad-based gains, international commodity prices peaked in mid-2011 and have fallen somewhat since then (Figure 3.1). Many analysts now argue that the upward phase of the commod...

Chapter 4. Commodity Price Cycles: The Perils of Mismanaging the Boom

Chapter 4. Commodity Price Cycles: The Perils of Mismanaging the Boom »

Source: Latin America : New Challenges to Growth and Stability

Series: Books

Author(s): Dora Iakova , Luis Cubeddu , Gustavo Adler , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498328166

Keywords: debt, commodity, fiscal policy, interest, growth

Commodity-exporting countries have benefited significantly from the commodity price boom of recent years. At the current juncture, however, uncertain global economic prospects raise questions about these cou...

Chapter 6. External Conditions and Debt Sustainability in Latin America

Chapter 6. External Conditions and Debt Sustainability in Latin America »

Source: Latin America : New Challenges to Growth and Stability

Series: Books

Author(s): Dora Iakova , Luis Cubeddu , Gustavo Adler , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498328166

Keywords: debt, commodity, fiscal policy, interest, growth

Over the past decade, and particularly during 2003–08, Latin America experienced an impressive strengthening of key macroeconomic fundamentals that ended with the global financial c...

Chapter 9. Global Financial Shocks and Gross Capital Flows in Latin America

Chapter 9. Global Financial Shocks and Gross Capital Flows in Latin America »

Source: Latin America : New Challenges to Growth and Stability

Series: Books

Author(s): Dora Iakova , Luis Cubeddu , Gustavo Adler , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498328166

Keywords: debt, commodity, fiscal policy, interest, growth

Global financial markets have been a source of sizable shocks over the past decade, with broad repercussions across emerging markets. Stark examples are the crisis triggered by the...

Chapter 7. Has Fiscal Policy Become Less Procyclical in Latin America?

Chapter 7. Has Fiscal Policy Become Less Procyclical in Latin America? »

Source: Latin America : New Challenges to Growth and Stability

Series: Books

Author(s): Dora Iakova , Luis Cubeddu , Gustavo Adler , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498328166

Keywords: debt, commodity, fiscal policy, interest, growth

Fiscal policy in Latin America has been procyclical for many decades. The easy availability of funds during periods of economic expansion, against a backdrop of major social and inf...

Chapter 11. Housing Markets in Latin America: Do We Need to Worry About a Bubble?

Chapter 11. Housing Markets in Latin America: Do We Need to Worry About a Bubble? »

Source: Latin America : New Challenges to Growth and Stability

Series: Books

Author(s): Dora Iakova , Luis Cubeddu , Gustavo Adler , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498328166

Keywords: debt, commodity, fiscal policy, interest, growth

Easy financing conditions and favorable terms of trade have fueled credit and domestic demand in much of Latin America for more than a decade, with only a short interruption during...

Chapter 1. Latin America: Rising to New Challenges

Chapter 1. Latin America: Rising to New Challenges »

Source: Latin America : New Challenges to Growth and Stability

Series: Books

Author(s): Dora Iakova , Luis Cubeddu , Gustavo Adler , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498328166

Keywords: debt, commodity, fiscal policy, interest, growth

Over the past 15 years, the countries of Latin America have made tremendous progress in strengthening their economies and improving living standards. A growing and vibrant middle class has emerged. The weigh...

Chapter 2. Potential Growth in Latin America

Chapter 2. Potential Growth in Latin America »

Source: Latin America : New Challenges to Growth and Stability

Series: Books

Author(s): Dora Iakova , Luis Cubeddu , Gustavo Adler , and Sebastian Sosa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498328166

Keywords: debt, commodity, fiscal policy, interest, growth

Highly favorable external conditions—interrupted only temporarily during the 2008–09 global financial crisis—coupled with prudent macroeconomic policies bolstered GDP growth in most of Latin America during t...