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Fiscal Reform in European Economies in Transition*

Fiscal Reform in European Economies in Transition* »

Source: Fiscal Reform in European Economies in Transition

Volume/Issue: 1991/43

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): George Kopits

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1991

ISBN: 9781451846256

Keywords: subsidies, taxation, price subsidies, fiscal reform, safety net

Most European economies in transition are engaged in public sector reform aimed mainly at replacing the previous fiscal system subordinated to the central plan with a system where fiscal instruments can make a dist...

Global Aging and Fiscal Policy with International Labor Mobility

Global Aging and Fiscal Policy with International Labor Mobility »

Source: Global Aging and Fiscal Policy with International Labor Mobility : A Political Economy Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2005/140

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mehmet Tosun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451861594

Keywords: population aging, overlapping generations, endogenous fiscal policy, international labor mobility, international capital mobility, aging, labor mobility, social security, labor migration, Economic Growth of Open Economies

This paper uses an overlapping generations model with international labor mobility and a politically responsive fiscal policy to examine aging in developed and developing regions. Migrant workers change the politic...

Global Aging Pressures

Global Aging Pressures »

Source: Global Aging Pressures : Impact of Fiscal Adjustment, Policy Cooperation, and Structural Reforms

Volume/Issue: 2007/196

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Dennis Botman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2007

ISBN: 9781451867602

Keywords: Global aging, fiscal cooperation, Lisbon Agenda, IMF&;amp;#x2019;s Global Fiscal Mode, aging, social security, government spending, fiscal variables,

Demographic pressures will materialize in many economies over the next few decades. We examine the macroeconomic impact of alternative fiscal adjustment and structural reform strategies to address these global agin...

Government Subsidies

Government Subsidies »

Source: Government Subsidies : Concepts, International Trends, and Reform Options

Volume/Issue: 1995/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gerd Schwartz , Réjane Hugounenq , and Benedict Clements

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781451851489

Keywords: subsidies, subsidy, cash subsidies, national accounts, subsidization, Fiscal Affairs Department,

This paper addresses the problems of defining and measuring government subsidies, examines why and how government subsidies are used as a fiscal policy tool, assesses their economic effects, appraises international...

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region »

Source: Hong Kong Special Administrative Region : Macroeconomic Impact of an Aging Population in a Highly Open Economy

Volume/Issue: 2006/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lamin Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451863475

Keywords: Productivity Growth, Fiscal Impact, Health Care Costs, pension, health care, elderly, dependency, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production

Hong Kong SAR's population is aging rapidly. This paper concludes that, without a change in policies, aging could adversely affect growth and living standards. While higher labor productivity growth and increased m...

The Human Cost of Recessions

The Human Cost of Recessions »

Source: The Human Cost of Recessions : Assessing It, Reducing It

Volume/Issue: 2010/17

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Mai Dao , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2010

ISBN: 9781462308163

Keywords: Developed countries, Cross country analysis, Economic recession, Emerging markets, Fiscal consolidation, Recessions, Human capital, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Labor markets

Recessions leave scars on the labor market. Over 200 million people across the globe are estimated to be unemployed at present resulting from the Great Recession of 2007-09. We assess the human cost of increased un...

IMF Concludes Article IV Consultation with Kingdom of the Netherlands - Netherlands

IMF Concludes Article IV Consultation with Kingdom of the Netherlands - Netherlands »

Source: Kingdom of the Netherlands : Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 1999/126

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 October 1999

ISBN: 9781451829334

Keywords: social security, unemployment, social insurance, unemployment rate, fiscal policy

This 1999 Article IV Consultation highlights that the Netherlands posted a strong economic performance during the 1990s, based on sound macroeconomic policies and complementary and interlocking reforms to fiscal po...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2011 Article IV Consultation with Nigeria

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2011 Article IV Consultation with Nigeria »

Source: Nigeria : Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2012/194

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475506679

Keywords: fiscal adjustment, primary deficit, fiscal policy, tax policy

The Nigerian economy remained strong, with a non-oil real GDP of 8.3 percent and an overall real GDP of 6.7 percent. A modest fiscal consolidation took place in 2011 as a response to the substantial monetary tight...

Kingdom of the Netherlands
			: Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation

Kingdom of the Netherlands : Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 1999/126

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 October 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451829334.002

ISBN: 9781451829334

Keywords: social security, unemployment, social insurance, unemployment rate, fiscal policy

This 1999 Article IV Consultation highlights that the Netherlands posted a strong economic performance during the 1990s, based on sound macroeconomic policies and complementary and interlocking reforms to fiscal po...

Nigeria
			: Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Nigeria : Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2012/194

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475506679.002

ISBN: 9781475506679

Keywords: fiscal adjustment, primary deficit, fiscal policy, tax policy

The Nigerian economy remained strong, with a non-oil real GDP of 8.3 percent and an overall real GDP of 6.7 percent. A modest fiscal consolidation took place in 2011 as a response to the substantial monetary tight...