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Access to Bank Credit in Sub-Saharan Africa

Access to Bank Credit in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Access to Bank Credit in Sub-Saharan Africa : Key Issues and Reform Strategies

Volume/Issue: 2005/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emilio Sacerdoti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451861853

Keywords: Banking systems, bank credit, banking, banking system, financial system, working capital, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development, Economywide Country Studies: Africa,

This study discusses issues of access to bank credit in Sub-Saharan Africa, and examines measures that could help facilitate access by the private sector to bank credit. It reviews in particular obstacles to credit...

Appendix I. How Countries Undertook Their Adjustment Efforts

Appendix I. How Countries Undertook Their Adjustment Efforts »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

This appendix provides a detailed description of changes in expenditure policy and public expenditure management, tax policy and administration, and of certain aspects of public ent...

Appendix II. Expenditure and Tax Categories

Appendix II. Expenditure and Tax Categories »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

Appendix II presents background information (referred to in the text) on selected economic and functional categories of expenditure, and major tax categories, expres...

Appendix III. Summary of Tax Systems

Appendix III. Summary of Tax Systems »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

This appendix presents in tabular form (Table 12) the eight countries at various stages of their adjust-some of the basic features of the tax systems of ment efforts....

The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth
			: Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756299.084

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

This study examines the composition of fiscal adjustment - tax and expenditure policies and administrative procedures, and some aspects of public enterprise reform - in a sample of eight countries (Bangladesh, Chil...

Efficient Energy Investment and Fiscal Adjustment in Senegal

Efficient Energy Investment and Fiscal Adjustment in Senegal »

Source: Efficient Energy Investment and Fiscal Adjustment in Senegal

Volume/Issue: 2014/44

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Salifou Issoufou , Edward Buffie , Mouhamadou Bamba Diop , and Kalidou Thiaw

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 March 2014

ISBN: 9781475527728

Keywords: Energy Reform, Growth, Infrastructure, fiscal deficit, fiscal adjustment, budget constraint, International Lending and Debt Problems, Institutions and Growth, Infrastructures, Infrastructure.,

Senegal's fiscal deficit and public debt have been on the rise in recent years owing partly to an ailing and inefficient oil-based energy sector. In this paper we use a two-sector, open-economy, dynamic general equ...

The Fiscal Dimensions of Adjustment in Low-Income Countries

The Fiscal Dimensions of Adjustment in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Claire Liuksila , Henri Lorie , Walter Mahler , and Karim Nashashibi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752291.084

ISBN: 9781557752291

Keywords: Budgetary reforms, Government expenditures, Structural adjustment, Tax administration, Tax reforms, Taxation, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, capital expenditure, tax revenue

A strengthened fiscal position is at the core of most economic adjustment programs supported by IMF lending, especially for the poorer countries that draw on the IMF's structural adjustment facilities. This paper r...

Fiscal Discipline in WAEMU: Rules, Institutions, and Markets

Fiscal Discipline in WAEMU: Rules, Institutions, and Markets »

Source: Fiscal Discipline in WAEMU : Rules, Institutions, and Markets

Volume/Issue: 2013/216

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ermal Hitaj , and Yasin Kursat Onder

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484398685

Keywords: Fiscal discipline, regional surveillance sovereign risk, sovereign spreads, WAEMU, fiscal balance, fiscal behavior, fiscal deficit, Asset Pricing, General,

This paper gauges the scope for market discipline and the effectiveness of the regional surveillance framework in the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU). The paper finds that the responsiveness of sov...

FMI conclui a Terceira Avaliação do Acordo com Moçambique ao abrigo do Instrumento de Apoio à Política Económica

FMI conclui a Terceira Avaliação do Acordo com Moçambique ao abrigo do Instrumento de Apoio à Política Económica »

Source: República de Moçambique : Relatório do Corpo Técnico sobre a Terceira Avaliação ao Abrigo do Instrumento de Apoio à Política Económica e Pedido de Modificação de Critérios de Avaliação-Relatório do Corpo Técnico, Comunicado de Imprensa

Volume/Issue: 2011/350

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 December 2011

Language: Portuguese

ISBN: 9781463928582

Keywords: debt service, external debt, fiscal policy, budget law, current account, public debt, debt sustainability, budget support, debt service payments, domestic financing

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

The Global Financial Crisis

The Global Financial Crisis »

Source: The Global Financial Crisis : Impact on WAEMU Member Countries and Policy Options

Volume/Issue: 2009/16

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Johannes Mueller , Irene Yackovlev , and Hans Weisfeld

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2009

ISBN: 9781455229017

Keywords: Current account deficits, Credit risk, Banking sector, Bank supervision, Aid flows, External shocks, Financial crisis, Monetary unions, Monetary policy, Liquidity management

Most WAEMU countries are likely to see economic growth deteriorate over the next two years as a result of the global economic crisis, and some WAEMU countries will be more severely affected by the crisis than other...