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Appendix. Exchange Rate Restrictions and Exchange Rate Arrangements

Appendix. Exchange Rate Restrictions and Exchange Rate Arrangements »

Source: Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Exchange Rates and Policies in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stella Kaendera , S. V. S. Dixit , and Nabil Ben Ltaifa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2009

ISBN: 9781462389889

Keywords: Exchange rate stability, Exchange rates, exchange rate, foreign exchange, global financial crisis, foreign exchange market

Ghana Kenya Nigeria Rwanda Tanz...

CHAPTER 3 Academics

CHAPTER 3 Academics »

Source: The Crisis and Miss Emily's Perceptions

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Luc Leruth , and Pierre Nicolas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 November 2010

ISBN: 9781462327331

Keywords: Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, paper, monetary policy, probability, scientists, financial sector

Theoretical models used by academics specializing in social sciences and other sciences exhibit at least two features that are rarely found in the real world: they are simple and perfectly consistent. There...

Chapter 2 Background

Chapter 2 Background »

Source: Creating Policy Space in Low-Income Countries during the Recent Crises

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Paolo Dudine , Sibabrata Das , Pritha Mitra , Yongzheng Yang , Eteri Kvintradze , and Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069305

Keywords: Financial assistance, Fund-supported adjustment programs, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, conditionality, structural conditionality, current account, balance of payments, debt sustainability

The IMF has been at the forefront in helping low-income countries (LICs) address the macroeconomic impact of the global food, fuel, and financial crises. LICs were hard hit by massive increases in food and f...

CHAPTER 6 Challenges Ahead

CHAPTER 6 Challenges Ahead »

Source: Coping with the Global Financial Crisis : Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069299

Keywords: External debt, Commodity prices, Economic growth, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, external financing, debt sustainability, debt burden, exchange rate

The use of fiscal and other policies to counter the effects of the recession should continue, where appropriate, until it is clear that recovery is under way. Past gains from macroeconomic stabilization and...

CHAPTER 7 Conclusion

CHAPTER 7 Conclusion »

Source: The Crisis and Miss Emily's Perceptions

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Luc Leruth , and Pierre Nicolas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 November 2010

ISBN: 9781462327331

Keywords: Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, paper, monetary policy, probability, scientists, financial sector

If we had to use just one word to characterize the period 2000—07, that word would be “illusion.” In academia, the illusion of knowledge; in the private sector, the illusion of limitless growth; in the publi...

Chapter 5 Conclusions

Chapter 5 Conclusions »

Source: Creating Policy Space in Low-Income Countries during the Recent Crises

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Paolo Dudine , Sibabrata Das , Pritha Mitra , Yongzheng Yang , Eteri Kvintradze , and Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069305

Keywords: Financial assistance, Fund-supported adjustment programs, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, conditionality, structural conditionality, current account, balance of payments, debt sustainability

Over the past decade, since the advent of the PRGF, the Fund has sought to refocus its programs with LIC members. Macroeconomic policies, though still geared toward ensuring sustainability, were intended to...

CHAPTER 4 Conclusions

CHAPTER 4 Conclusions »

Source: Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Exchange Rates and Policies in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stella Kaendera , S. V. S. Dixit , and Nabil Ben Ltaifa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2009

ISBN: 9781462389889

Keywords: Exchange rate stability, Exchange rates, exchange rate, foreign exchange, global financial crisis, foreign exchange market

The evolution of exchange rates in sub-Saharan Africa has reflected the impact of both external developments and distinct policy choices. The fall in export demand, commodity prices, and private capital infl...

CHAPTER 2 Emerging from the Crisis—Prospects and Macroeconomic Challenges

CHAPTER 2 Emerging from the Crisis—Prospects and Macroeconomic Challenges »

Source: Emerging from the Global Crisis : Macroeconomic Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 February 2011

ISBN: 9781616350734

Keywords: Economic growth, Low-income developing countries, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, public debt, current account, fiscal policy, exchange rate, current account deficits

LICs’ economic recovery is projected to be faster and more aligned with the rest of the world than in previous crises, although the pace of recovery will vary...

CHAPTER 3 Factors behind the Exchange Rates Evolution

CHAPTER 3 Factors behind the Exchange Rates Evolution »

Source: Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Exchange Rates and Policies in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stella Kaendera , S. V. S. Dixit , and Nabil Ben Ltaifa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2009

ISBN: 9781462389889

Keywords: Exchange rate stability, Exchange rates, exchange rate, foreign exchange, global financial crisis, foreign exchange market

The first factors that affected the value of exchange rates were external, reflecting the transmission of the global crisis through the trade and financial channels as well as the volatility of the U.S. doll...

CHAPTER 5 Financing Needs and Support from the International Community

CHAPTER 5 Financing Needs and Support from the International Community »

Source: Coping with the Global Financial Crisis : Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069299

Keywords: External debt, Commodity prices, Economic growth, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, external financing, debt sustainability, debt burden, exchange rate

LICs are facing large external financing needs in 2009–10, averaging about US$25 billion a year higher than in 2008. The Fund and other international financial institutions (IFIs) have increased their financ...