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Albania: 2018 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Albania

Albania: 2018 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Albania »

Source: Albania : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Albania

Volume/Issue: 2019/29

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2019

ISBN: 9781484396582

Keywords: Real sector, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Economic reforms, Central banks, Gross domestic product, ISCR, CR, PPPs, percent of GDP, arrears

Despite robust GDP growth, projected at 4 percent in 2018, inflation remains below its 3 percent target. The fiscal deficit has stabilized around 2 percent of GDP, implying a modest gradual reduction in public deb...

Albania: Staff Report for the 2018 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Albania: Staff Report for the 2018 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Albania : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Albania

Volume/Issue: 2019/29

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2019

ISBN: 9781484396582

Keywords: Real sector, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Economic reforms, Central banks, Gross domestic product, ISCR, CR, PPPs, percent of GDP, arrears

Despite robust GDP growth, projected at 4 percent in 2018, inflation remains below its 3 percent target. The fiscal deficit has stabilized around 2 percent of GDP, implying a modest gradual reduction in public deb...

CHAPTER 1 Introduction

CHAPTER 1 Introduction »

Source: Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

Four years after the onset of the global financial crisis, low-income countries (LICs), especially those that have benefited from high commodity prices, have begun to register stron...

Excerpt
			: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CPVIEAEX.073

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Excerpt : Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2012

ISBN: CPVIEAEX

Keywords: Agricultural sector, Balance of trade, Central banking, Central banks, Civil society, Commodities, Commodity price shocks, Commodity prices, Consumption, Credit

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework

The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework »

Source: The Consolidated Medium-Term Income and Expenditure Framework

Volume/Issue: 2016/048

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 August 2016

ISBN: 9781498345750

Keywords: Estimated incomes and expenses, Financial year, Fund administrative budget, Net income of Fund, SDR interest rates, Real interest rates, Interest rate increases, Interest rates, Expenditures, Accounting

The medium-term income projections have been updated from the April 2015 outlook and the February review of the adequacy of precautionary balances. The main changes to the outlook stem from a more gradual rise in t...

Debt Limits in Fund-Supported Programs - Proposed New Guidelines

Debt Limits in Fund-Supported Programs - Proposed New Guidelines »

Source: Debt Limits in Fund-Supported Programs - Proposed New Guidelines

Volume/Issue: 2009/038

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2009

ISBN: 9781498335744

Keywords: Access limits, Access to Fund general resources, Concessional aid, Debt management, Debt sustainability, External debt, External financing, Financial management, Fund facilities, Fund policies

Low-income countries (LICs) face significant challenges in meeting their development objectives, while maintaining a sustainable debt position. To address this dilemma, the international community has largely advoc...

Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative - Creditor Participation Issues

Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative - Creditor Participation Issues »

Source: Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative - Creditor Participation Issues

Volume/Issue: 2003/036

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 August 2003

ISBN: 9781498329521

Keywords: HIPC Initiative, Agricultural development, Assets, Banks, Central banking, Central banks, Commercial credit, Credit, Debt, Debt financing

...

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1

Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries1 »

Source: Fiscal Buffers for Natural Disasters in Pacific Island Countries

Volume/Issue: 2019/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hidetaka Nishizawa , Scott Roger , and Huan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2019

ISBN: 9781498320801

Keywords: Access to foreign markets, Accounting, Accounting standards, Agriculture, Aid flows, Balance of payments, Bank deposits, Bank financing, Banks, Bonds

Pacific island countries (PICs) are vulnerable severe natural disasters, especially cyclones, inflicting large losses on their economies. In the aftermath of disasters, PIC governments face revenue losses and spend...