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Appendix. Exchange Rate Restrictions and Exchange Rate Arrangements

Appendix. Exchange Rate Restrictions and Exchange Rate Arrangements »

Source: Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Exchange Rates and Policies in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stella Kaendera , S. V. S. Dixit , and Nabil Ben Ltaifa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2009

ISBN: 9781462389889

Keywords: Exchange rate stability, Exchange rates, exchange rate, foreign exchange, global financial crisis, foreign exchange market

Ghana Kenya Nigeria Rwanda Tanz...

Chapter 2 Background

Chapter 2 Background »

Source: Creating Policy Space in Low-Income Countries during the Recent Crises

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Paolo Dudine , Sibabrata Das , Pritha Mitra , Yongzheng Yang , Eteri Kvintradze , and Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069305

Keywords: Financial assistance, Fund-supported adjustment programs, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, conditionality, structural conditionality, current account, balance of payments, debt sustainability

The IMF has been at the forefront in helping low-income countries (LICs) address the macroeconomic impact of the global food, fuel, and financial crises. LICs were hard hit by massive increases in food and f...

Chapter 5 Conclusions

Chapter 5 Conclusions »

Source: Creating Policy Space in Low-Income Countries during the Recent Crises

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Paolo Dudine , Sibabrata Das , Pritha Mitra , Yongzheng Yang , Eteri Kvintradze , and Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069305

Keywords: Financial assistance, Fund-supported adjustment programs, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, conditionality, structural conditionality, current account, balance of payments, debt sustainability

Over the past decade, since the advent of the PRGF, the Fund has sought to refocus its programs with LIC members. Macroeconomic policies, though still geared toward ensuring sustainability, were intended to...

CHAPTER 4 Conclusions

CHAPTER 4 Conclusions »

Source: Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Exchange Rates and Policies in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stella Kaendera , S. V. S. Dixit , and Nabil Ben Ltaifa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2009

ISBN: 9781462389889

Keywords: Exchange rate stability, Exchange rates, exchange rate, foreign exchange, global financial crisis, foreign exchange market

The evolution of exchange rates in sub-Saharan Africa has reflected the impact of both external developments and distinct policy choices. The fall in export demand, commodity prices, and private capital infl...

CHAPTER 3 Factors behind the Exchange Rates Evolution

CHAPTER 3 Factors behind the Exchange Rates Evolution »

Source: Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Exchange Rates and Policies in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stella Kaendera , S. V. S. Dixit , and Nabil Ben Ltaifa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2009

ISBN: 9781462389889

Keywords: Exchange rate stability, Exchange rates, exchange rate, foreign exchange, global financial crisis, foreign exchange market

The first factors that affected the value of exchange rates were external, reflecting the transmission of the global crisis through the trade and financial channels as well as the volatility of the U.S. doll...

CHAPTER 2 Impact of the Crisis on Currencies in Sub-Saharan Africa

CHAPTER 2 Impact of the Crisis on Currencies in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Exchange Rates and Policies in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stella Kaendera , S. V. S. Dixit , and Nabil Ben Ltaifa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2009

ISBN: 9781462389889

Keywords: Exchange rate stability, Exchange rates, exchange rate, foreign exchange, global financial crisis, foreign exchange market

The currencies of sub-Saharan African countries depreciated in a generalized fashion vis-à-vis the U.S. dollar at the onset of the global financial crisis. The currencies of five out of the seven in this stu...

CHAPTER 1 Introduction

CHAPTER 1 Introduction »

Source: Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on Exchange Rates and Policies in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stella Kaendera , S. V. S. Dixit , and Nabil Ben Ltaifa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2009

ISBN: 9781462389889

Keywords: Exchange rate stability, Exchange rates, exchange rate, foreign exchange, global financial crisis, foreign exchange market

The currencies of many sub-Saharan African countries, like those of many emerging and developing economies, suffered large depreciations with the onset of the global financial crisis. Collapsing trade and fi...

Chapter 1 Overview

Chapter 1 Overview »

Source: Creating Policy Space in Low-Income Countries during the Recent Crises

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Paolo Dudine , Sibabrata Das , Pritha Mitra , Yongzheng Yang , Eteri Kvintradze , and Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069305

Keywords: Financial assistance, Fund-supported adjustment programs, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, conditionality, structural conditionality, current account, balance of payments, debt sustainability

The IMF has been at the forefront in helping low-income countries (LICs) address the macroeconomic impact of the global food, fuel, and financial crises. LICs have been hard hit by massive increases in world...

Chapter 3 Responsiveness in Macroeconomic Policy Design

Chapter 3 Responsiveness in Macroeconomic Policy Design »

Source: Creating Policy Space in Low-Income Countries during the Recent Crises

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Paolo Dudine , Sibabrata Das , Pritha Mitra , Yongzheng Yang , Eteri Kvintradze , and Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069305

Keywords: Financial assistance, Fund-supported adjustment programs, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, conditionality, structural conditionality, current account, balance of payments, debt sustainability

Addressing Shocks: The Strategic Approach IMF-supported programs are aimed at resolving balance of payments problems encountered by its member countries. Restoring external balance i...

Chapter 4 Streamlining Structural Conditionality

Chapter 4 Streamlining Structural Conditionality »

Source: Creating Policy Space in Low-Income Countries during the Recent Crises

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Paolo Dudine , Sibabrata Das , Pritha Mitra , Yongzheng Yang , Eteri Kvintradze , and Nkunde Mwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069305

Keywords: Financial assistance, Fund-supported adjustment programs, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, conditionality, structural conditionality, current account, balance of payments, debt sustainability

Policy Evolution The 1980s saw increased use of structural conditionality in Fund-supported programs. This was motivated by the view that structural reforms were essential to sustain...