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Beauty Queens and Wallflowers

Beauty Queens and Wallflowers »

Source: Beauty Queens and Wallflowers : Currency Unions in the Middle East and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2006/226

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Katrin Elborgh-Woytek , and Julian Berengaut

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

ISBN: 9781451864861

Keywords: Currency Union, Optimum Currency Areas, inflation, monetary union, monetary fund, central bank, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

Against the background of the theory of optimum currency areas, the paper analyzes possible sequences for establishing a currency union (CU) in the Middle East and Central Asia region. Between the corner solutions...

The Caucasus and Central Asia: Transitioning to Emerging Markets

The Caucasus and Central Asia: Transitioning to Emerging Markets »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

The countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) have recorded significant macroeconomic achievements since independence. These countries have grown more rapidly--on average by 7 percent over 1996-2011--than th...

Central Bank Governance

Central Bank Governance »

Source: Central Bank Governance : A Survey of Boards and Management

Volume/Issue: 2004/226

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): JoAnne Morris , and Tonny Lybek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2004

ISBN: 9781451875416

Keywords: central bank, inflation, reserve bank, Economic History: Financial Markets and Institutions: General, International, or Comparative,

This paper identifies issues to consider when designing the structure, size, and composition of the governing boards and management of a central bank. While central bank autonomy and accountability are generally ac...

Chapter 6. CCA Fiscal Policy and Fiscal Frameworks

Chapter 6. CCA Fiscal Policy and Fiscal Frameworks »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

The fiscal situation and fiscal institutions of CCA countries improved substantially over the last 20 years, although fiscal and public debt positions deteriorated following the global crisis and in most CCA...

CHAPTER 6 Challenges Ahead

CHAPTER 6 Challenges Ahead »

Source: Coping with the Global Financial Crisis : Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069299

Keywords: External debt, Commodity prices, Economic growth, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, external financing, debt sustainability, debt burden, exchange rate

The use of fiscal and other policies to counter the effects of the recession should continue, where appropriate, until it is clear that recovery is under way. Past gains from macroeconomic stabilization and...

CHAPTER 5 Financing Needs and Support from the International Community

CHAPTER 5 Financing Needs and Support from the International Community »

Source: Coping with the Global Financial Crisis : Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069299

Keywords: External debt, Commodity prices, Economic growth, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, external financing, debt sustainability, debt burden, exchange rate

LICs are facing large external financing needs in 2009–10, averaging about US$25 billion a year higher than in 2008. The Fund and other international financial institutions (IFIs) have increased their financ...

CHAPTER 3 How Are LICs Affected?

CHAPTER 3 How Are LICs Affected? »

Source: Coping with the Global Financial Crisis : Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069299

Keywords: External debt, Commodity prices, Economic growth, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, external financing, debt sustainability, debt burden, exchange rate

For many LICs the crisis is expected to have a severe impact on economic growth this year, but a V-shaped recovery is expected for 2010. An Overview LIC economies are being...

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 1. Introduction »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

The countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) have recorded significant macroeconomic achievements since independence. These countries have grown more rapidly—on average by 7 percent over...

CHAPTER 1 Introduction

CHAPTER 1 Introduction »

Source: Coping with the Global Financial Crisis : Challenges Facing Low-Income Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069299

Keywords: External debt, Commodity prices, Economic growth, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Low-income developing countries, external financing, debt sustainability, debt burden, exchange rate

Low-income countries (LICs) are being hit hard by the global financial crisis. They are facing a sharp contraction in export growth, foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows, and remittances, as well as lower...

Chapter 7. Management of Energy Resource Wealth in the CCA

Chapter 7. Management of Energy Resource Wealth in the CCA »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia : Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484305140

Keywords: Energy sector, Emerging markets, Financial sector, Economic growth, Bank supervision, Political economy, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Middle East and Central Asia

The energy-rich CCA countries (ER-CCA; Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan) have achieved significant improvements in living standards with the development and use of their energy wealth since the break...