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Baltic Investment Programme
			:  - Twenty Years of Joint Nordic Financial and Technical Assistance to the Three Baltic Countries

Baltic Investment Programme : - Twenty Years of Joint Nordic Financial and Technical Assistance to the Three Baltic Countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Ib Katznelson

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289326414

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Baltic Investment Programme, European Union, Small and Medium Sized Enterprises, National Investment Banks, Commercial Financial Sector, Economic Growth

The Baltic Investment Programme was first launched for the period 1992-1995. It was then extended for another period, 1995-1998. In 1998 it was decided to let the programme come to a gradual end in 2003, the year b...

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Leaning Against the Wind

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Leaning Against the Wind »

Source: Cost-Benefit Analysis of Leaning Against the Wind

Volume/Issue: 2016/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lars Svensson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2016

ISBN: 9781498314787

Keywords: macroprudential policy, unemployment, unemployment rate, debt, marginal cost, benchmark, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), All Countries

“Leaning against the wind” (LAW) with a higher monetary policy interest rate may have benefits in terms of lower real debt growth and associated lower probability of a financial crisis but has costs in terms of hig...

Determinants of Financial Market Spillovers

Determinants of Financial Market Spillovers »

Source: Determinants of Financial Market Spillovers : The Role of Portfolio Diversification, Trade, Home Bias, and Concentration

Volume/Issue: 2014/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yoko Shinagawa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498365628

Keywords: Financial Spillover, Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey (CPIS), Home Bias, portfolio investment, financial market, bond, bond markets, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Portfolio Choice,

This paper defines financial market spillovers as the comovement between two countries' financial markets and analyzes financial market spillovers over the period 2001-12 through four channels: bilateral portfolio...

1. Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

1. Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, but at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. The external environment has become less supportive, with slow...

Effects of Culture on Firm Risk-Taking

Effects of Culture on Firm Risk-Taking »

Source: Effects of Culture on Firm Risk-Taking : A Cross-Country and Cross-Industry Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2012/210

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Roxana Mihet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475505603

Keywords: National culture, corporate risk-taking, industry opacity, risk-taking, shareholders, shareholder, shareholders ? rights, Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior: General

This paper investigates the effects of national culture on firm risk-taking, using a comprehensive dataset covering 50,000 firms in 400 industries in 51 countries. Risk-taking is found to be higher for domestic fir...

The Euro’s Effecton Trade Imbalances

The Euro’s Effecton Trade Imbalances »

Source: The Euro's Effecton Trade Imbalances

Volume/Issue: 2010/226

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helge Berger , and Volker Nitsch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2010

ISBN: 9781455208913

Keywords: imbalances, trade balance, trade surplus, trade deficit, EMU, European integration, exchange rate, trade imbalances, exchange rates, real exchange rate

When does trade become a one-way relationship? We study bilateral trade balances for a sample of 18 European countries over the period from 1948 through 2008. We find that, with the introduction of the euro, trade...

European Union

European Union »

Source: European Union : Publication of Financial Sector Assessment Program Documentation-Technical Note on Macroprudential Oversight and the Role of the ESRB

Volume/Issue: 2013/70

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2013

ISBN: 9781475591156

Keywords: financial stability, regulation, financial system, financial institutions

This article reviews the European Systematic Risk Board (ESRB), its role, approach, outputs, and effects in the European Union. The ESRB is the reason for macroprudential oversight of financial systems. Macropruden...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment...

The financial crisis and fiscal consolidation in green budgets

The financial crisis and fiscal consolidation in green budgets »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Annegrete Bruvoll , Silja Kralik , Friðrik Már Baldursson , and Haakon Vennemo

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289324793

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Fiscal Consolidation, Environmental Tax, Subsidy Reforms, Economic Efficiency, Financial Crisis, Environmental Tax Policy

This project adds insight into the potential contribution to fiscal consolidation from environmental tax and subsidy reforms, i.e. strengthening public budgets while at the same time improving economic efficiency a...

Financial Soundness Indicators
			: Analytical Aspects and Country Practices

Financial Soundness Indicators : Analytical Aspects and Country Practices »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060869.084

ISBN: 9781589060869

Keywords: Economic conditions, financial institutions, financial system, banking, capital adequacy, real estate

The financial turmoil of the late 1990s prompted a broad search for tools and techniques for detecting and preventing financial crises, and more recent episodes of instability have high lighted the importance of co...