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Addressing resource efficiency through the Ecodesign Directive
			: A review of opportunities and barriers

Addressing resource efficiency through the Ecodesign Directive : A review of opportunities and barriers »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Anja Bundgaard , Carl Dalhammar , Erika Machacek , Kristina Overgaard Zacho , and Arne Remmen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327206

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, European Union, Resource Efficiency, Ecodesign Directive, Energy Efficiency, Product Durability, Legal Standards

The European Union has initiated a number of initiatives to improve resource efficiency in Europe. The Ecodesign Directive is one of the policy instruments that could aid the transition towards a more resource effi...

Balancing protection and prosecution in anti-trafficking policies
			: A comparative analysis of reflection periods and related temporary residence permits for victims of trafficking in the Nordic countries, Belgium and Italy

Balancing protection and prosecution in anti-trafficking policies : A comparative analysis of reflection periods and related temporary residence permits for victims of trafficking in the Nordic countries, Belgium and Italy »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Anette Brunovskis

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289324236

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Trafficking, European Countries, Reflection Period, Victim Protection, Traffickers, Nordic Countries

When victims of trafficking are identified in a country of destination, they are often in a situation marked by lack of clarity. In response to this, most European countries have a so-called reflection period for v...

Baltic Investment Programme
			:  - Twenty Years of Joint Nordic Financial and Technical Assistance to the Three Baltic Countries

Baltic Investment Programme : - Twenty Years of Joint Nordic Financial and Technical Assistance to the Three Baltic Countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Ib Katznelson

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289326414

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Baltic Investment Programme, European Union, Small and Medium Sized Enterprises, National Investment Banks, Commercial Financial Sector, Economic Growth

The Baltic Investment Programme was first launched for the period 1992-1995. It was then extended for another period, 1995-1998. In 1998 it was decided to let the programme come to a gradual end in 2003, the year b...

Building Nordic Strength Through More Open R&D Funding - Study 3
			: The Next Step in NORIA

Building Nordic Strength Through More Open R&D Funding - Study 3 : The Next Step in NORIA »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Erik Arnold , Annelie Eriksson , Sven Faugert , and Tommy Jansson

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9789289313926

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Research and Innovation, Economic Competitiveness, Small Nordic Nations, Nordic Research and Innovation Area (NORIA), ERA (European Research Area), Nordic Research Board (NordForsk)

Research and innovation are the primary corner stones in efforts to strengthen economic competitiveness in an ever more globalised economy. This study states that the small Nordic nations face fierce challenges wit...

Cost of Late Action - the Case of PCB

Cost of Late Action - the Case of PCB »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2004

ISBN: 9789289310789

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Estimate Environmental Costs, Information on Costs, Environmental Benefits to Society, European Community, European Commission to Introduce a System, New Legislation

The purpose of this study is to estimate environmental costs for the use of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in the European Union. The result of the estimate is that these costs in the EU of 25 members, will be at...

Existing Default Values and Recommendations for Exposure Assessment
			: A Nordic Exposure Group Project 2011

Existing Default Values and Recommendations for Exposure Assessment : A Nordic Exposure Group Project 2011 »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9789289323161

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Default Values, Exposure Assessments, Representative Defaults, European Sources, Consumer Products, Evaluate Exposure Factors

Default values are often used in exposure assessments e.g. in modelling because of lack of actually measured data. The quality of the exposure assessment outcome is therefore heavily dependent on the validity and r...

Final report for the NORAP Priority Setting Workshop
			: 9 - 10 June 2009 Sigtuna, Sweden

Final report for the NORAP Priority Setting Workshop : 9 - 10 June 2009 Sigtuna, Sweden »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9789289320849

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, REACH and CLP Regulations, Nordic Workshop, Nordic Risk Assessment Project, Swedish Chemicals Agency, European Chemicals Agency, Substances of Very High Concern (SVHC)

This report is an outcome of the Nordic workshop on priority setting within the context of the new working fields under the REACH and CLP regulations. The workshop was arranged by the Nordic Risk Assessment Project...

Food Labelling
			: Report from a Nordic Seminar, Oslo, Norway, November 2006

Food Labelling : Report from a Nordic Seminar, Oslo, Norway, November 2006 »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Anita Utheim Nesbakken

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9789289314282

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, European Commission has Launched, Food Labelling Legislation, Consultative Document, Nordic Seminar, Food Issues, Stakeholders Regarding the Issues

The European Commission has launched an extensive revision of the Food Labelling legislation. In a Consultative Document of February 2006, DG SANCO highlighted some specific themes they wanted to explore further. B...

Food Labelling
			: Nordic Consumers Attitudes to Food Labelling

Food Labelling : Nordic Consumers Attitudes to Food Labelling »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9789289314602

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Quantitative Study on Nordic Consumers, Food Labelling, Nutritional Contents, Information and Knowledge, Knowledge and Facts, European Union Revision of the Food Labelling Rules

This report summarizes the final results of a quantitative study on Nordic consumers' attitudes to food labelling. The study was conducted in the five Nordic countries Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland and Iceland....

Handling and assessment of leachates from municipal solid waste landfills in the Nordic countries

Handling and assessment of leachates from municipal solid waste landfills in the Nordic countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Ketil Harstad

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9789289314480

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, EU-legislation, Landfill Directive, National Leachate Monitoring Guidelines, European Legislation, Minimum Requirement Monitoring Program, Nordic Council of Ministers

EU-legislation, in particular the Landfill Directive, requires environmental monitoring of landfills, both pre- and post closure. In this report a comparison is given on national leachate monitoring guidelines in N...