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Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU?

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU? »

Source: Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU?

Volume/Issue: 1997/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): George Kopits

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1997

ISBN: 9781451974034

Keywords: European Economic and Monetary Union, Europe, Social security, unemployment, unemployment benefits, survivors ? pensions, payroll tax

Pursuant to the Treaty of Maastricht, members of the European Union (EU) intend to participate in the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), in part through convergence toward specified limits on the overall deficit an...

The Energy Sector Reform and Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Transition Economy

The Energy Sector Reform and Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Transition Economy »

Source: The Energy Sector Reform and Macroeconomic Adjustment in a Transition Economy : The Case of Romania

Volume/Issue: 2003/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Stéphane Cossé

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451974546

Keywords: Europe, European Economic and Monetary Union, Social security, Romania, energy sector, quasi-fiscal activities, macroeconomic stabilization, transition, energy, natural gas

This paper assesses the main issues faced by the energy sector in a transition economy such as Romania and their macroeconomic dimension. It examines how the size of quasi-fiscal subsidies, owing mainly to inapprop...

Exchange Rate Regimes in Selected Advanced Transition Economies

Exchange Rate Regimes in Selected Advanced Transition Economies »

Source: Exchange Rate Regimes in Selected Advanced Transition Economies : Coping with Transition, Capital Inflows, and EU Accession

Volume/Issue: 2000/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2000

ISBN: 9781451974119

Keywords: Estonia, Exchange rate regimes, European Union, Capital inflows, Czech Republic, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovenia, Transition economies

Since beginning economic transition, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Poland, and Slovenia have—with much success—employed diverse exchange rate regimes. As these countries approach EU accession,...

Russia and the IMF
			: The Political Economy of Macro-Stabilization

Russia and the IMF : The Political Economy of Macro-Stabilization »

Volume/Issue: 1994/20

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Ernesto Hernández-Catá

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451963939.003

ISBN: 9781451963939

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, central bank, monetary financing, monetary fund, European II Department,

This paper reviews the experience with macroeconomic stabilization in Russia during the 2 1/2 years following the beginning of reforms in January 1992. It focuses on the different perceptions about the nature, the...

Stabilization Policies and Structural Reforms in Albania Since 1997
			: Achievements And Remaining Challenges

Stabilization Policies and Structural Reforms in Albania Since 1997 : Achievements And Remaining Challenges »

Volume/Issue: 2002/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Volker Treichel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974508.003

ISBN: 9781451974508

Keywords: Economic stabilization, Albania, Albania, macroeconomic stabilization, structural reform, deficit, interest, budget, balance of payments, interest rates

This paper assesses the effectiveness of stabilization policies and structural reforms in Albania since 1997 and seeks to identify the remaining key challenges in various policy areas. It also draws lessons for oth...

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU?

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU? »

Volume/Issue: 1997/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): George Kopits

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974034.003

ISBN: 9781451974034

Keywords: European Economic and Monetary Union, Europe, Social security, unemployment, unemployment benefits, survivors ? pensions, payroll tax

Pursuant to the Treaty of Maastricht, members of the European Union (EU) intend to participate in the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), in part through convergence toward specified limits on the overall deficit an...

Exchange Rate Regimes in Selected Advanced Transition Economies
			: Coping with Transition, Capital Inflows, and EU Accession

Exchange Rate Regimes in Selected Advanced Transition Economies : Coping with Transition, Capital Inflows, and EU Accession »

Volume/Issue: 2000/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974119.003

ISBN: 9781451974119

Keywords: Estonia, Exchange rate regimes, European Union, Capital inflows, Czech Republic, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovenia, Transition economies

Since beginning economic transition, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Poland, and Slovenia have—with much success—employed diverse exchange rate regimes. As these countries approach EU accession,...

Lessons from Successful Labor Market Reformers in Europe

Lessons from Successful Labor Market Reformers in Europe »

Volume/Issue: 2007/1

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Anthony Annett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451975352.003

ISBN: 9781451975352

Keywords: Fiscal adjustment, Europe, Employment, Labor supply, Labor market reforms, Political economy, Wage moderation, Wage bargaining, Tax reductions, labor market

Welfare states can be reformed successfully, and popular support for reforms can be maintained. But this requires an internally consistent package of labor market, fiscal, and product market reforms, including some...

Monetary and Exchange Rate Policy of Transition Economies of Central and Eastern Europe after the Launch of EMU

Monetary and Exchange Rate Policy of Transition Economies of Central and Eastern Europe after the Launch of EMU »

Volume/Issue: 1999/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972641.003

ISBN: 9781451972641

Keywords: Central and Eastern Europe, European Economic and Monetary Union, Exchange rate policy, Monetary policy, Transition economies, EMU, exchange rates, exchange rate, international monetary fund, currency board

The more advanced Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs) face an evolving set of considerations in choosing their exchange rate policies. On the one hand, capital mobility is increasing, and this imposes ad...

Monetary Frameworks
			: Is There a Preferred Option for the European Central Bank?

Monetary Frameworks : Is There a Preferred Option for the European Central Bank? »

Volume/Issue: 1997/6

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Ramana Ramaswamy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972030.003

ISBN: 9781451972030

Keywords: European Central Bank, Monetary policy, Inflation, EMU, Inflation targeting, Monetary targeting, monetary union

This paper discusses how the size of the monetary union in Europe can influence the choice of the monetary framework. The main conjecture is that the European Central Bank ought to target inflation if monetary unio...